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date: 15 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines three seminal constitutional events in the United States in the period from the New Deal through the Reagan Revolution: President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Supreme Court-packing plan, Brown v. Board of Education, and the Senate’s rejection of President Ronald Reagan’s nomination of Robert Bork to the Supreme Court. During these years, issues ranging from flag salute and Japanese-American internment to the military trial of Nazi saboteurs, the Cold War, and civil rights are discussed. The chapter also explores other issues such as voting and housing, higher education, legislative apportionment, the Bill of Rights and criminal procedure, religion, freedom of expression, capital punishment, discrimination, affirmative action, and privacy.

Keywords: New Deal, Reagan Revolution, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, Ronald Reagan, Robert Bork, civil rights, religion, freedom of expression

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