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date: 21 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The global response to HIV/AIDS has struggled with balancing personal autonomy with public health needs over the past four decades. This article discusses the chronology of ethical developments in prevention and treatment methods, both within the United States and abroad. It tracks the globalization of the HIV/AIDS epidemic alongside the rise of the international response, particularly following the development of safe and effective HIV treatments. The ethical challenges posed by effective public health responses to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, including voluntary and mandatory antibody testing, contact tracing, partner notification, and even quarantine, are highlighted by social and political responses to restrictions on civil liberties worldwide.

Keywords: HIV, AIDS, public health ethics, autonomy, globalization, antibody testing, contact tracing, partner notification, quarantine, civil liberties

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