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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Indigenous identity in the US context presents many difficulties, including issues related to the use of blood quantum, ethnic fraud, and tribal disenrollment. These difficulties should be understood as oppressive dilemmas and disappearances that are built into those structures of US settler colonialism that seek to erase indigenous peoples. Kim TallBear suggests at least one possible alternative for addressing issues associated with indigeneity and settler erasure. TallBear’s alternative is multifaceted, focusing on collective self-determination, survival, and land, and it can be used—as just one example—to understand current uses of indigeneity in some contemporary indigenous environmental justice projects.

Keywords: Native American identity, blood quantum, decolonization, environmental justice, colonialism

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