Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 30 September 2020

(p. 443) Index

(p. 443) Index

Figures and notes are indicated by f and n following the page number.

A
Aalders, Lisa xviii–xix, 285
Abbott, Jennifer 340
Abénaki oral tradition 107
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Aboriginal Art Collection 88
Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN) 85, 102n21, 136–137, 328n22
Aboriginal Perspectives (NFB/ONF) 106
Aboriginal Presence (Présence Autochtone) festival 111
About Face, About Frame (conference, 1992) 342
Academy Awards 7
ACEV (Association canadienne d’études vidéoludiques)/Canadian Game Studies Association (CGSA) 428, 438n14
Ackerman, Ed 273
À Corps perdu (Pool) 297, 317
ACPAV (L’Association Coopérative de Productions Audio-visuelles) 310, 315
Adams, Parveen 28
Adele 404
The Adjuster (Egoyan) 42, 235–236, 243, 295
The Adventure of Faustus Bidgood (Jones and Jones) 192–194
The Adventures of Tintin (Spielberg) 261
L’Age des ténèbres (Arcand) 42
agency
in Cape Dorset films 100
cultural identity and 84
in digital scenery 66
in Indigenous cinema 107, 129
in queer Canadian cinema 286
Agenda for Prosperity (Economic Competitiveness Advisory Committee, Toronto) 241
Age of Empires (Microsoft Studios) 432
“The Age of the World Picture” (Heidegger) 415–416
AGO (Art Gallery of Ontario), experimental films at 337, 338f
AIDS epidemic 292
Air Canada 328n22
Akerman, Chantal 310
Akromah, John 148–149
Alamut (Bartol) 432
Alariaq, Timmun 95–96, 95f, 97, 97f, 98, 99, 99f, 102n20
Alberro, Alexander 62
Alexander, Chris 364n11
Aleyli, Leyda 385
Alien (Scott) 356
Alioff, Maurie 158
Allan, Blaine 134
Allan, James 286, 296
Alliance/Atlantis merger 11
Allison, Laurie 8
Allison, Leanne 405, 420
All the Presidents Men (Pakula) 159
Almon, Marc 195
Alter, Nora 62
alterity. See otherness
Altman, Rick 364n9
Amazones d’hier/lesbiennes d’aujourd’hui 292
Amazon Prime 14
L’Amendement (Papatie) 114
The America Nightmare (horror cinema retrospective) 361
(p. 444) Amituk, Davitialuk (Davidialuk Aluasa Ammitu) 90
The Amityville Horror (Rosenberg) 356
Ammons, Albert 396
L’Amour au temps de la guerre civile (Jean) 293
Les Amours imaginaires (Dolan) 203, 301, 302f, 404
Andersen, Thom 270
Anderson, Benedict 205, 259
Anderson, Perry 157
Andrew, Dudley 261
L’Ange de goudron (Chouinard) 265, 387
Angelil, René 385
Anger, Kenneth 289, 336
Angry Inuk (Arnaquq-Baril) 109, 133, 133f, 136
Anhedonia (Cuthand) 300
animation
animation art 85
animation studies 436–437
animators, processes of 85
Eskimo Legends animation project 88–92
film studies-game studies link 436–437
film studies’ neglect of 435–436
at NFB/ONF 8, 394–396
oral tradition and 116–117
Winnipeg Film Group and 273
Animation from Cape Dorset 83, 92, 93, 95f, 97f
Anka, Paul 397
Annaud, Jean-Jacques 262
Anne (CBC) 189
Anne: The Animated Series (PBS) 189
Anne of Green Gables 185, 189, 191
Anne Trister (Pool) 297, 317
Annie Hall (Allen) 22
Anthropocene 55, 61
anthropomorphism 89, 131, 142
antitechnologism 22
Antiviral (Cronenberg) 364n11
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (Kotcheff) 23, 38
APTN (Aboriginal Peoples’ Television Network) 85, 102n21, 136–137, 328n22
Aqtuqsi (My Nightmare, Kunuk) 324
Ararat (Egoyan) 27, 295
L’Arbre et l’écorce (Papatie) 114
Arcand, Denys
Cannes Festival and 42, 48nn22–23
Héroux and 374
mentioned 49nn26, 29, 251, 256, 257, 286, 352, 357, 368, 377, 378
political pessimism of 258
queer sexuality in films of 294–296
Arcand, Gabriel 378
Archambault, Louise 316
Archambault, Sylvain 380
Archangel (Maddin) 277
Arctic Cinemas 125–143
arctic television production, foundations of 134–137
experimental and self-reflexive 139–140
global reach of 140–142
Isuma and Arnait and 137–139
Netsilik film series 128–130
NFB/ONF and 127–128, 131–134
Perrault and 130–131
ARCTICNOISE (Inutiq) 340, 340f, 346n5
Aristotle 76
Armatage, Kay xiv, 342
Armstrong, Kyle 140
Arnait (video art collective) 110, 135, 137–139, 322–325, 326, 328n21
Arnaktauyok, Germaine 89
Arnaquq-Baril, Alethea 108, 109, 132–133
Arnheim, Rudolf 23
Arnold, Grant 339
Arrival (Villeneuve) 46
Arsenault, Dominic 425–426, 429, 430
art
aesthetics 416
animation art 85
art for art’s sake, commercially driven concept of 86–87
artwork, for animation 101n8
contemporary art, internationalization of 78
as critical practice 76
as world-disclosing 417
Arte France 414
art films
distribution crisis and 36
in Quebec xx, 367–368, 374, 376
queer cinema and 298
(p. 445) Art Gallery of Ontario (AGO), experimental films at 337, 338f
artist’s films. See experimental media arts
art museums, film in 76
The Art of Craft: Eyes on Ookpik (CBC) 87–88
Ashevak, Kenojuak 86, 91, 93
Ashibetsu, Japan, Canada World theme park in 189
Ashoona, Sorosiluto 100
Assassins Creed (Ubisoft) 431–435
Asselin, Olivier xv, 71
Association canadienne d’études vidéoludiques (ACEV)/Canadian Game Studies Association (CGSA) 428, 438n14
L’Association Coopérative de Productions Audio-visuelles (ACPAV) 310, 315
Aster, Marie-Ève 116
Aston, Judith 411
Astron 6 (film collective) 359
Ataguttaaluk Starvation (Cousineau) 323–324
Atanarjuat (Kunuk)
Arctic in 54
compilation soundtrack for 403
earnings of 329n23
Inuk point of view in 109–110
mentioned 105, 125
popularity of 43, 49n26, 138
postcredit sequence 325
precursors to 137
production values of 30
on territory 117
Atelier de conception et de réalisations sonores (Sound Concept Studio) 395, 398, 399
L’Atelier national du Manitoba 278–279, 281
Atlantic Canada 185–199
The Adventure of Faustus Bidgood 192–194
cultural sector in 188–189
The Disappeared 197
Global Hollywood and 189–191, 198
Hard Drive 194–195
Hard Light 197–198
Life Classes 192, 193–194
political and economic context 186–187
regional culture and 187–188
The Trailer Park Boys 191–192
Weirdos 195, 197
Werewolf 195, 196f, 197
Atlantis/Alliance merger 11
Atlas Sound (Bradford Cox) 404–405
À tout prendre (Jutra) 289, 374, 376, 395
Attempted Adultery and Rejected Love (Alariaq) 96
At the Heart of the World (Pike) 287
Atwood, Margaret 28–29
audience
of interactive documentaries 409, 411–412, 415, 417–418, 419
lack of 35, 37, 47n1, 354
Augé, Marc 235
Aurore (Dionne) 251, 266n1, 371, 375
Austin-Smith, Brenda 276
auteurism 37, 255, 307–311
autobiographical documentaries 155
automobiles, symbolism of 28
avant-garde. See experimental media arts
Aviliaq (Arnaquq-Baril) 132–133
Avingaq, Susan 138, 323
awards 7, 35, 285, 297, 303n1. See also specific names of awards
Awashish, Ken 121
Awaskinawason Enfants de la terre (Children of the Earth, Dubé) 118
Away from Her (Polley) 46
Axelrod, David 399
Aznavour, Charles 403
B
Babine (Picard) 382
“Babyland” (Image Bank) 68n13
Bachelard, Gaston 206, 210
Bachman, Randy 402
Bachman Turner Overdrive (rock group) 402
Backcountry (MacDonald) 359
Backstory (Lewis) 68n12
Back to God’s Country (Hartford) 125, 126, 126f
Bailey, Lorne 283n4
Bailey, Norma 166, 171–174, 180n12, 280, 281
Baillargeon, Paule 165
Baker, Michael Brendan xx, 391
Baker’s Dozen (Onodera) 343
Bakhtin, Mikhaïl 216, 253
(p. 446) Balfour, Ian 27
Ball, Jonathan 274, 275
The Ballad of Crowfoot (Dunn) 106, 406n2
Ballantyne, Terence 160
Ballard, J. G. 28
Balsom, Erika 55
Banff Centre, Nunavut Animation Lab and 102n21
Banning, Kass 341
Barbeau, Manon 112, 114, 121
Barge Dirge (Carrier) 140
Baril, Celine 315
Barnaby, Jeff 105, 109, 111
Barney, Matthew 73
Barrette, Pierre 257
barricades and thresholds, in Québécois cinema 211–220
Barrow, Daniel 279, 339
Bartol, Vladimir 432
Bataglia, Jérémie 208
Bataille, George 210n6
Baucom, Ian 151
Bazin, André 415
Bear, Edward 402
Bear 71 (Mendes and Allison) 8, 404–405, 420
Beard, William xiv, 23, 24, 28–29, 36
Beaty, Bart xiv
Beaudry, Simon 79n4
Beck, Ulrich 45
Bédard, Jean-Thomas 398
Before Tomorrow (Le Jour avant le lendemain, Cousineau and Ivalu) 110, 137, 323f, 324–325, 328n21 328–329n22
Begone Dull Care (Junior Boys 2009) 396
Begone Dull Care (McLaren 1949) 396
Being Different (Murphy) 288
Bélisle, Mathieu 369
Bell, CraveTV service 14
Bell, David 3
Bell, Gordon 414
Benjamin, Walter 415
Bennett, Jordan 65
Bensaddek, Bachir 265, 387
Bensalah, Djamel 265
Bergman, Art 403
Berlant, Lauren 286
Bersianik, Louky 307–308
Bertrand, Karine xvi, 105
The Besnard Lakes (rock band) 405
Bessire, Carl 324
Bestiare (Côté) 41
Betz, Mark 317
Bigras, Jean-Yves 266n1, 370
Bill 78 (2012) 208, 210n7
Bills Hat (Wieland) 335–342
Binamé, Charles 218, 251, 370, 380
Binder, Steve 397
The Birth of Kayak (Alariaq) 95f, 96
Bisonnette, Sophie 327n13
Bitthos (Tailfeathers) 108
BLA BLA (Morisset) 405
Black as Hell, Strong as Death, Sweet as Love (Vatnsdal) 276
black Atlantic 150, 151, 156
Blackburn, Marthe 309
Blackburn, Maurice 394, 395–396, 398, 399, 405
Black Christmas (Clark) 356
Black Fawn (production company) 351
Blade Runner 2049 (Villeneuve) 46
Blake, Kara 404
Blicker, Jason 379
Blinkity Blank (McLaren) 395–396
Blood in the Snow Horror Film Festival 361
Bloodland (Tailfeathers) 108
Bloody Knuckles (O’Mahoney) 359
Blue Butterfly (Pool) 317
Blue Thunder (Roy and Gagné) 38
Boards of Canada (electronic music duo) 399
bodies
surveillance and 160
women’s objectified 309–310
Boileau, Sonia Bonspille 111
Boi oh Boi (Cuthand) 300
Boivin, Patrick 115
Boll, Uwe 362
Bollywood/Hollywood (Mehta) 230
Bolter, Jay 65
Bon Cop, Bad Cop (Canuel) 165, 251, 262–263, 263f, 313, 380, 385, 386f, 387
Bon Cop, Bad Cop 2 (Desrochers) 385
Bonin, Vincent 339
Bonnier, Céline 318f, 319
(p. 447) Boogie Doodle (McLaren) 396
Boon, Dany 263
Bordeleau, Erik 207, 210n9
Borden, Lizzie 310
border films 263
Borderland Project series 179n1
borders 165–180
in Bon Cop, Band Cop 262
border films, Francophone 263
border genre, definition of 166–168
in Bordertown Café 171–174
in Highway 61 168–171
in Invisible Nation 174–176
in Québécois cinema 213
symbolization of 168
in The Undefended Border 176–178
Bordertown Café (Bailey) 166, 171–174
Borreman, Guy 335
Borris, Clay 406n2
Borrows, John 84
Botsford Fraser, Marian 179n1
Bouchard, Raymond 263–264
Bouchareb, Rachid 261
Boucher, Denise 307
Boulton, Laura 106
Bourdain, Luc 270
Bowen, Deanna 293
Boyle, Danny 43
Les Boys I, II, and III (Saïa) 251, 254, 256, 313, 380, 381, 382
Braithwaite, Kamau 152, 154
Brakhage, Stan 55
Brand upon the Brain (Maddin) 278
Brault, Michel 38, 39, 49n26, 130, 220, 222
Braun, Guillaume 414
Brightlight (film company) 362
British Museum, “The Living Arctic” exhibition 136
Brittain, Donald 397, 398
Brochu, Evelyne 258
Brock University, game studies at 427–428
Brookstreet Pictures 351
Brossard, Nicole 290, 307–308
Brown, Denise Scott 30
Brown, Simone 160
Brown, William 259
Brownstein, Bill 158
Bruce, Jean 326n2
Brunet-Jailly, Emmanuel 179n1
Bruzzi, Stella 418
Buchan, Suzanne xvi, 83, 436
Buissonneau, Paul 376
Bulbulian, Maurice 398
Bures Miller, George 53–55, 54f, 62, 65, 67, 73, 344
Burgess, Anthony 262
Burke, Andrew xviii, 269
Burrell, James 364n8
Burroughs, Jackie 337
Burton Cycle 279–281
Burton’s Favourite (Forsberg) 283n11
Burtynsky, Edward 73
Bush, Jack 337
Bussières, Pascale 315
Bustamente, Mauricio 4
butt movies (films de fesses, maple syrup porn) 375, 378, 383
C
cable networks, expansion of 13
Café de flore (Vallée) 46, 256, 258–260, 260f
Cameron, Mary (Life Classes character) 193
Camping sauvage (Ducharme and Lepage) 380, 383
Campion, Jane 315
Campt, Tina 147
Canada. See also the nation; National Film Board/Office national du film du Canada; names of individual provinces and cities
Cold War defense strategies 130
as middle producer nation 4–6
national film awards 35
provincial control in 185
as queer nation 286
software identity of 29
Canada (Lewis) 59, 60
Canada Council for the Arts 310, 327n12, 355
Canada Feature Film Fund (CFFF) 12
Canadian Audio-Visual Certification Office (CAVCO) 10
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) 8, 13, 134–135, 410
Canadian Cinema since the 1980s (Pike) 317
Canadian Content regulations xxi
Canadian Cooperation Project (1948) 9
Canadian Feature Film Fund (Telefilm) 45
Canadian Film and Video (Lerner) 334, 341
Canadian Film Centre, Media Lab 410
Canadian Film Development Corporation (CFDC, Société de développement de l’industrie cinématographique Canadienne, SDICC, later Telefilm Canada). See also Telefilm Canada
activities of 374
criticisms of 354
establishment of 10, 199n8, 326n3, 354, 356
sex-themed theatrical fiction from 289–290
transformation into Telefilm Canada 11
La Vie rêvée, support for 310
Canadian Filmmakers Distribution Centre (CFMDC) 334
Canadian Game Studies Association (CGSA)/Association canadienne d’études vidéoludiques (ACEV) 428, 438n14
Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau (CGMPB) 6
Canadian Handicrafts Guild 86
Canadianism, Cronenberg’s and Frye’s ideas of 29
Canadian Media Producers Association (CMPA) 36, 45
Canadianness 173, 435
Canadian Pacific I and II (Rimmer) 56–57, 67n8
Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) 13, 18n22, 136
Canal Plus 49n29
Cannes Film Festival 36–39, 40, 41, 42, 48nn12, 20, 22–23
Cannibal Girls (Reitman) 356
Canon (McLaren and Munro) 395
Cantin, Serge 381
Canuel, Érik (Eric) 165, 218, 251, 380
Canuel, Yvan 379
Canuxploitation (canucksploitation wave), 289, 351, 358
Cape Dorset animation project 83, 92–99
Capital Cost Allowance program 10, 245n2
Caplin, Raymond 118
The Captive (Egoyan) 37, 295
Carcasses (Côté) 41
Cardiff, Janet 53–55, 54f, 62, 65, 67, 67n2, 73, 344
Cardinal, Gil 106
Careful (Maddin) 277–278
Carle, Gilles 111, 214, 215–216, 217, 225, 326–327n8, 376, 377
Carlo (Markiw) 273–274
Carrière, Louise 326n8
Carrière, Marcel 130, 220, 221–222
casserole (tin pan) concerts 207–208, 210n7
Castells, Manuel 45, 49n30
Casualties of Modernity (Monkman) 109, 117
Catholicism, in Quebec 369
Cattle Call (Maryniuk and Rankin) 283n8
CAVCO (Canadian Audio-Visual Certification Office) 10
Cavell, Richard xv, 21
Cavell, Stanley 25, 415–417, 418–419
“Céline and Julie” (Féminin/Féminin) 322
Céline and Julie vont en bateau (Rivette) 322
La Centrale Galerie Powerhouse 327n9
Centre National de la Cinématographie (CNC) 49n29
Ce qu’il faut pour vivre (The Necessities of Life, Pilon) 111, 126, 265
Cera, Michael 240
“c’est don’ nous autres” (“this is so us!”) 378–379, 383
CFC (Challenge for Change)/Société nouvelle programs (NFB/ONF) 128, 291, 397, 409, 410–411, 418, 421n5
CFFF (Canada Feature Film Fund) 12
CFMDC (Canadian Filmmakers Distribution Centre) 334
CGI (computer-generated imagery) 435–436
CGMPB (Canadian Government Motion Picture Bureau) 6
(p. 449) CGSA (Canadian Game Studies Association)/Association canadienne d’études vidéoludiques (ACEV) 428, 438n14
Chachai, Ronnie 119
Chahine, Joumane xv, 35
A Chairy Tale (McLaren and Jutra) 288, 396
Challenge for Change (CFC)/Société nouvelle programs (NFB/ONF) 128, 291, 397, 409, 410–411, 418, 421n5
Chambers, Jack 26, 57–58, 335
Chang, Weiyi 346n5
Chang, Yung 147, 149, 152–154, 161
Chapman, Christopher 30–31n3
Charlebois, Robert 375
Chartran, Michel 375
Chassay, Jean-François 378
Les Chat bottés (Fournier) 289
Le Chat dans le sac (Groulx) 223–224, 223f, 224f, 374
Cheesman, Hannah 328n19
Chevelure de la vie (Crown of Life, Leblanc) 118
Children of Alcohol (Cardinal) 106
Children of the Earth (Awaskinawason Enfants de la terre, Dubé) 118
Childstar (McKellar) 237, 237f
Chilton, Steven 116
Chinese-Canadian documentaries 147–161
Dal Puri Diaspora 147, 154–157
diaspora and 147–152
list of 161–162
The Ninth Floor (Shum) 147, 157–160
Up the Yangtze 147, 152–154
Chloe (Egoyan) 46, 229, 242, 243, 295
Cho, Karen 148
Cho, Lily xvi, 147
Choinière, Bruno 414
Chouinard, Denis 218, 265, 387
Christmas at Moose Factory (Obomsawin) 87
the chthonic 30
Chuck (Falardeau) 251
Cinecity (movie theatre, Toronto) 336, 338
Cinecoup Film Accelerator 351
cine-feminism in Quebec 307–329
Arnait video collective 322–325
commercial cinema 316
contemporary feminist cinema 311
feminist political modernism, persistence of 315–316
film policy environment, gender impacts on 311–315
lesbian soap opera 320–322
political modernism and the cinéma d’auteur 307–311
Léa Pool 316–320
cinema. See also film; horror cinema
as art under aesthetics 416
cinéma d’auteur, political modernism and 307–311
cinéma vécu, of Perrault 130–131
commercial cinema 255, 312, 316, 326–327n8
global nature of 261
as industry 185
obsolescence of 77
as ontologicla paradigm 417
power of 416
problems of definition of 71–72
subjectivism in 419
tasks for 3
Cinema Canada (magazine), Sternberg column in 334
Cinéma de l’imaginaire québécois (Weinmann) 257
cinéma direct movement 7, 38, 128, 130–131, 221, 222, 225. See also Kanehsatake 270 ans de résistance
Cinemafantastique (film festival) 362
Cinéma femmes (lobby group) 314
Cine-Mama festival 327n9
“Cinemas, Nations, Masculinities” (Waugh) 286
Cinémathèque québécoise (Montreal) 336–337
Cinepix Film Properties 47n6, 289, 354, 356, 363
Ciné Tapis Rouge 40
Cinethon (film festival) 336
Circa 1948 (Douglas) 344, 412
Cité mémoire (Lemieux and Pilon) 344–345
cities and urban areas. See also rural areas; names of individual cities
cinematic heritage of 230
interpersonal relationships in 205–209
urban civility, collective sentiment and 205–209
urban space, suburbs as 201–202
civic imaginary. See Winnipeg cinema
Cividino, Andrew 38
Cizek, Katerina 8, 410, 413, 416, 418
Clandestins (Chouinard and Wadimoff) 218, 265
Clark, Bob 356
Clarke, Shirley 336
Clattenburg, Mike 191
Clavier, Alain 398–399, 405
Clément, Suzanne 322
climate
climate change, effects of 138
equipment and, in Québécois cinema 220–225
Cline, Patsy 403
close-ups, in documentaries 153–154
Clover, Carol 356
CMPA (Canadian Media Producers Association) 36, 45
CNC (Centre National de la Cinématographie) 49n29
CNN, launch of 135
CN Tower 230, 237, 237f, 238f, 242, 243
Cockburn, Bruce 401–402, 406n3
Cockburn, Daniel 242
Cocktail (Donaldson) 234
Codco (theater troupe) 193
Codère, Jean-François 431, 438–439n19
Cogeval, Guy 73
Cohen, Leonard 35
Cohn, Norman 109, 137, 323, 325
Cold War
experimental films about 139–140
Northern Canada sovereignty and 130
Cole, Janis 290
Coleman, Beth 335, 344
Coles, Amanda 327n11
Collar (Nicholson) 359
collective film production 110, 125, 135, 137–139, 322–325
collective sentiment, urban civility and 205–209
Collingwood, Luke 150
Collins, Karen 427
colonialism, in Unikkausivut films 132
Colonialism: The Second Coming (Cuthand) 300
comedies, preponderance in Québécois films 380
Come Worry with Us (Klodawsky) 404
Comité Moitié-Moitié 314
Le Commerce du sexe (Lamont) 293
commercial cinema 255, 312, 316, 326–327n8
commercialism, barriers against Inuit participation in 133
commodity fetishism 91
the commons 210
Common Sense philosophy 25
communities
in cities 205–209
group identities, relationship to 202–203
transgression and 27
computer-generated imagery (CGI) 435–436
Concordia University
film department 424
Mobile Media Lab 410
Technoculture, Art, and Games (TAG) Lab 427
The Confessional (Le Confessionnal, Lepage) 79n4, 253
Le Confort et l’indifférence (Arcand) 258
Conlan, John B. 130
Conner, Shawn 159
Consalvo, Mia 427
Conseil des arts et letters du Quebec, funding for women directors 327n12
contact-traditional era 85–86
Continentalists (in Canadian filmmaking debate) 354
Convention of the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (UNESCO, 2005) 5
The Conversation (Coppola) 159
Coop Vidéo de Montréal 315
Copeland, Dionne 359
Copperheart Entertainment 351
Coppola, Francis Ford 159
coproductions. See international coproductions
(p. 451) Cormex Research, report of Toronto’s media mentions 241
Cornouailles (Icewarrior, Perrault) 130, 131
Corupe, Paul 358
Cosmopolis (Cronenberg) 39
Côté, Abraham 118
Côté, Denis 41–42, 48n21, 202, 210n1
Côté, Michel 257, 378, 379, 380, 381, 384, 385, 403
Coulthard, Glen 55
counterrevolution, trope of 217–218
Courchesne, Luc 66–67
Cousineau, Marie-Hélène 110, 137, 138, 322–325
co-ventures 5
Cowards Bend the Knee (Maddin) 278
Cowie, Elizabeth 153
Cox, Bradford (Atlas Sound) 404–405
Crane, Diana 3–4
Crash (Cronenberg) 28, 49n29, 243, 294, 400
CraveTV service (Bell) 14
C.R.A.Z.Y. (Vallée) 43, 46, 49n26, 251, 257, 380, 381, 382, 402–403
Cream Soda (Cole and Dale) 290
Creative Capital Gains (Toronto culture plan, 2011) 242
Creative Cities 240
Creative City Planning Framework (AuthentiCity) 241
Crépeau, Jeanne 265, 315
Le Crime de Monsieur Lange (Renoir) 263
Crimes of the Future (Cronenberg) 294
Crime Wave (Paizs) 274, 275–276, 283n9
la crise d’Oka/the Oka Crisis 218
Crockett, Tobey 66
Cronenberg, Brandon 364n11
Cronenberg, David
American film model and 353
at Cannes 37
characters of, as borderline cases 29
de-Canadianization of 46
on good taste 352
horror films of 351, 352–355, 364, 364n6
international status of 39–40, 45, 353, 357
libidinal economy, interest in 31n13
McLuhan and 28–29
mentioned 23, 49nn26, 29, 235, 243, 289, 352, 363
queerness and films of 294–296
Crown of Life (Chevelure de la vie, Leblanc) 118
Croze, Marie-Josée 48n23
CRTC (Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission) 13, 18n22, 136
Cruising Bar and Cruising Bar 2 (Ménard) 378, 380, 383
Crummey, Michael 197, 198
C’t a ton tour Laura Cadieux (Filiatrault) 316
Cube (Natali) 166
La Cuisine rouge (Baillargeon and Collin) 310
Cultural Capital (Hendry) 239
culture
approaches to 71–72
Canada as cultural mosaic 127
cultural exchanges 40
cultural identity (see Indigenous peoples)
cultural movements, accelerative versus intertial 362–363
cultural policy, national center’s role in 192
cultural propaganda by NFB/ONF 87
cultural sovereignty 100
food’s relationship to 155
regional culture, idea of 187–188
Culture Plan (Metro) 239–240
Cummings, Burton 279
The Cure (rock band) 403
Le Curé de village (Gury) 370, 373, 377
Curling (Côté) 41, 48n21
Curnoe, Greg 335
Curtis, Jamie Lee 356
Curzi, Pierre 377
Cuthand, Thirza 296–297, 300–301
Cut It Out (Flageole) 118, 119
cut-out technique (for animations) 96
Les Cyniques (comic group) 375
Czach, Liz 36, 43, 44
D
Dale, Holly 290
Dallas Buyers Club (Vallée) 46, 251
Dal Puri Diaspora (Fung) 147, 154–157
Daly, Tom 397
Damasio, Antonio 226n2
(p. 452) Dance Me Outside (McDonald) 400
Dancers (Alariaq) 95–96, 99f
A Dangerous Method (Cronenberg) 294
Danielsen, Shane 43
Danna, Mychael 400
Dansereau, Mireille 310
Dark Carnival (horror convention) 361
Dark Matters (Brown) 160
database cinema 413–414
David, Charlie 292
Davies, Jon 60
Davies, Terence 270
Davis, Charles 234
Davis, Heather 55, 61
Dead Ringers (Cronenberg) 39, 49n26, 294, 357
The Dead Zone (Cronenberg) 39
Dean, Lowell 351
Dear Santa: Go Fuck Yourself (Trialer Park Boys Christmas special) 192
The Death and Life of John F. Donovan (Dolan) 301
Death by Popcorn: The Tragedy of the Winnipeg Jets (Rankin, Forsberg, and Maryniuk) 278–279
Death Ship (Rakoff) 356
de Certeau, Michel 434
Le Déclin de l’empire américain (Arcand) 42, 48n23, 258, 295, 368, 377
Decontie, Clara 116
Deepwater Horizon oil spill 413
deforestation 117–119
The DeFranco Family 402
deindustrialization 191–192, 195
De La (Snow) 67n7
Delacroix, René 370
Delaney, Marshall (Robert Fulford) 354, 357
De Lauretis, Teresa 294, 310, 311, 328n18
Deleuze, Gilles 253, 262, 415, 417
The Delian Mode (Kara Blake) 404
Delisle, François 203
Delivery Man (Scott) 251, 384
Le Démantèlement (Pilote) 37
De mère en fille (Poirier) 308, 308f
La Demoiselle sauvage (Pool) 317
Demolition (Vallée) 46
Le démon de Obedjiwan (Wizineau) 116
Dempsey, Shawna 293
Le Dep (Boileau) 111–112
Department of ___. See name of specific department, e.g., Trade and Commerce Department
De père en flic and De père en flic 2 (Gaudreault) 251–252, 254, 257, 313, 380, 381, 382
Derbyshire, Delia 404
Descarries, Francine 312
Deschamps, Yvon 375
DeSève, Alexandre 370
Des forêts de Kitcisakik aux forêts de Xingû (Papatie) 120
Désilets, Patrice 431
Desjardins, Liette 308, 308f
Desjardins, Richard 111
Deslile, François 210n1
Desmarais, Sophie 321
Desperanto segment (Montréal vu par, Rozema) 165
Desrape, Sophie 203, 210n1
Desrochers, Alain 385
DESS (Diplôme d’études supérieures spécialisées) 438n4
Deutsch, Lorànt 265
Deux Actrices (Lanctôt) 315
Deux et Deux (Two and Two, Côté) 118–119
Deux femmes en or (Fournier) 375–376, 378
Deveau, Danielle 16
Devil’s Knot (Egoyan) 46
DEW (Distant Early Warning) line 130, 139
dhal (dal) puri 154–157
Le Diable est parmi nous (Beaudin) 356
Diamond, Neil 106, 109, 110, 121
Diawara, Manthia 148–149, 150
Dickinson, Peter 24, 31n17, 287
digiPlaySpace 40
digital games 424, 429–430, 433, 436, 438nn16, 18. See also game studies and games
digital technologies 8, 14, 35, 65–67, 342
Dignard, Martin J. 142
Dillon, Hugh 403
Un Dimanche a Kigali (Favreau) 265
Dionne, Louis 293
(p. 453) Dionne, Luc 251, 371, 380
Diplôme d’études supérieures spécialisées (DESS) 438n4
direct cinema. See cinéma direct movement
directors. See names of individual directors
Discopathe (Gauthier) 359
Discovery Channel Canada, interactive documentaries 410
The Displaced View (Onodera) 343
distancing effect (Verfremdungseffekt), in digital games 433
Distant Early Warning (DEW) line 130, 139
distribution sector 11–12, 13, 392
Ditch (Niedzviecki) 194
docSHIFT program 410
docu-games 413–414
documenta exhibition (2012) 53, 67n3
documentaries. See also Chinese-Canadian documentaries; interactive documentaries
documentary filmmakers, power institutions and 198
Elder on 26
impact of United States on 21
indexical capacities of 152
by Isuma 138
at NFB/ONF 8, 9, 148, 393, 394, 396
popular music in 397
prevalence of 127
on sex and sexuality 290
subjects of, as collaborators 411
women directors of 327n13
Documentary Organization of Canada 410
Dolan, Xavier 296–297
Canadianness of 46
Cannes and 37–39, 41, 42, 48n20
gender explorations of 297, 301, 302f
Greyson, comparison with 298
international status of 39
mentioned 3, 166, 203, 210n1, 292, 293, 369, 380, 382
popular music, use of 404
prominence of 251
on queer films 285, 286, 287, 291
SODEC funding for 48n17
domestic market, films for 5
Donaldson, Mackenzie 328n19
Don’t Look Back (Pennebaker) 397
Dorland, Michael 326n7
Dorval, Anne 382
Dots and Loop (McLaren) 395
Dots and Loops (Stereolab) 396
The Double Life of Véronique (Kiesłowsksi) 259
double-narration 433
Double Negative Collective 342
Doucet, Paul 383
Douglas, Stan 58, 63, 68n14, 73, 344, 412
Dow, Douglas N. 434
Dowler, Andrew 363–364
Downtime (Hanec) 276
Dowse, Michael 403
DOXA 410
Doyle, Helen 327n13
Dracula: Pages from a Virgin’s Diary (Maddin) 358
Drainville, Martin 379
The Dreamer (Paizs) 274
drones 62
Drone Wedding (Public Studio) 62
The Drownsman (Archibald) 351
Druick, Zoë 16, 148, 152, 155, 271
DTC (Trade and Commerce Department) 87, 88
Dubé, Anthony 118
Dubois, Alice 258
Dubois, André 375
Ducharme, André 380
Dudemaine, André 111
Dufresne, David 413
Dumont, Bruno 195
Dumont, Fernand 381
Dunn, Willie 106, 406n2
Duplessis, Maurice 370, 374, 381
Dupuis, Mélissa-Mollen 113
Durand, Yves Sioui 111, 265
Duverneix, Thibaut 414
Dwse, Michael 230
Dylan, Bob 403
E
Ebert, Roger 38, 47n8
Eco, Umberto 320
(p. 454) economy
cultural activities’ role in 185, 239
laissez-faire economics 186–187
landscape versus 22
staples theory of 197–198
ecosystems
of digital game industry 430
of experimental media arts xix, 36, 334
global auteur ecosystem 37
écriture féminine 308, 308f, 326
The Editor (Brooks and Kennedy) 359
EDtv (Howard) 252, 379
educational policy framework 6–9
L’Effet cinema (Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal) 72–73
Egoyan, Atom
on auteurism 37
Canadianness of 46
Cannes and 37, 42
on film, foreignness of 27
mentioned 38, 46, 48n24, 49nn25–26, 73, 235, 239, 352, 357
queerness and films of 294–296
reception of films of 229
suburbia in films of 236
on Toronto 230
Eidos Interactive 431
Elder, R. Bruce 23, 25–27, 29, 45
Electronic Arts company 431
electronic music 395–396, 398–399
The Element of Crime (Dolan) 48n20
Elfassi, Joseph 317
Elle veut le chaos (Côté) 41, 48n21, 202
Elliot, George 341
Elvis Gratton, le King des Kings (Falardeau and Poulin) 383
Elvis Gratton II, miracle à Memphis (Falardeau) 380
Elvis Gratton XXX (Elvis Gratton 3: Le retour d’Elvis Wong, Falardeau) 383
Embargo Collective II 108
The Emerging North (Yellowknife Films) 142
Emily of New Moon (Sullivan) 189
Émond, Anne 201, 202, 210n1
empechement d’etre 256
Empirismo eretico (1972) 24
Emporte-moi (Pool) 297, 298, 298f, 317, 318, 321
Emshwiller, Ed 336
Encore Pionnières (Lupien and Descarries) 312, 314
The Encounter (La rencontre, Netshishkatutau, Aster) 116–117
“End of the Line” (Tracey and Raymont) 177
Enemy (Villeneuve) 46, 243, 244, 244f, 245n6
En Tant Que Femmes film series 308, 309, 310, 326
Entertainment One 11
Entertainment Software Association of Canada (ESAC) 430–431
Entre l’arbre et l’écorce (Papatie) 117
environmental activism and healing, in Wapikoni Mobile project 117–119
Eoin, Marcus 399
epics, Artistotle’s definition of 76
L’Équipe française (NFB/ONF) 127
ESAC (Entertainment Software Association of Canada) 430–431
escape, desire for 269
Ésimésac (Picard) 382
Eskimo Artist: Kenojuak (Feeney) 86–87, 93
Eskimo Legends (NFB animation project) 88–92
“Eskimos.” See also Indigenous peoples
“Eskimo” artifacts 85–86
in 1960s popular culture 129
“Suggestions for Eskimo Handicraft” (government pamphlet) 86
Esterhazy, Danishka 280
Les Etats nordiques (Côté) 41, 48n21
Europe, satellite broadcasting in 135
exhibition sector 12
Exile (Kunuk) 130
eXistenZ (Cronenberg) 28, 294
Exotica (Egoyan) 27, 42, 49n25, 236, 295, 400
exotisme québecois 39, 47n10
“Expanded Arts” (Mekas) 337
expanded cinema 55, 78, 337–338, 412
experimental films
Arctic Cinema and 139–140
Elder on 26
interactive documentaries and 412
(p. 455) minorities, lack of impact on 341
at NFB/ONF 393
Quebec women’s films as 310–311
Winnipeg Film Group and 273
experimental media arts 333–346
Bills Hat, as historical marker 335–339
digital technologies, impact of 342
identity politics and 341–342
live cinema 339–340
Onodera, works of 335, 343–344
postwar, influences on 335–336
video, early uses of 340–341
Experimental Media Arts Congress (2010) 341
exploitation films 363–364
Explorations narratives (Le Mois de la Photo à Montréal) 75–76
Expo ’67 29–30, 141–142, 141f, 215, 337–338, 339, 395, 412
Expo 67 Live (Lanoie-Brien) 345
expositions, film’s role in 78
Eyre, Chris 117
F
The Faculty of Horror (podcast) 361
Fahrenheit 7–11 (Forsberg) 279–280
Faith (Flageole) 118
Falardeau, Philippe 43, 46, 210n1, 251, 318, 380, 387
Falardeau, Pierre 218, 383
Family Viewing (Egoyan) 48n24
Fangoria (horror film magazine) 364n11
Fanon, Frantz 374
Fantasia Film Festival 361
The Far Shore (Wieland) 25
father–son trope 381–382
Fatima (Faucon) 38
Faucon, Philippe 38
Favreau, Robert 265
feature films
by Arnait 324
audience for, lack of 47n1
Canadian policy on 245n2
canonicity of 292
from co-op scene 192
French-Canadian 368
horror films as 359
industry for, emergence of 353
landscapes in 53
NFB/ONF and 7
numbers of 38, 47n1
policies on 3, 7, 10, 355
popular music in 393
production of 18n21, 252, 254, 282n1, 373
Quebec ciné-feminism and 320
road films 195
support for 11, 12, 13, 45, 313, 326n3
women directors of 314, 316
Feeney, John 86–87
Les Fées ont soif (Boucher) 307
Fehr, Darcy 270
Feldman, Seth 354, 355
Felicia’s Journey (Egoyan) 42, 49n29
Fella Films 359
Féminin/Féminin (Robichaud) 321–322
feminism. See also cine-feminism in Quebec
feminist documentaries 290
feminist filmmaking, NFB/ONF and 7
feminist political modernism, persistence of 315–316
La Femme de l’hôtel (Pool) 297, 317
Les Femmes Refondent le Cinéma (film festival) 327n9
Feore, Colm 262, 263f, 385
Ferguson, Graeme xx, 141, 337
Ferguson, Munro 337
5th Dimension 402
Fifth Thule Expedition 128
52 Pickup (online calendar video project) 344
Fig Trees (Greyson) 292, 299, 299f
filiations 73–74
Filiatrault, Denise 265, 316
Les Filles du Roy (Poirier) 309–310, 315–316, 395
film. See also cinema; film industry; genre films; horror cinema
aura of 76–78
bureaucratic nature of 16–17
discretion of 209
film cultures 3, 5, 241
film policy, gender impacts on environment for 311–315
“Film Farm” (Independent Imaging Retreat) 342
(p. 456) film festivals
Cannes Film Festival 36–39, 40, 41, 42, 48nn12, 20, 22–23
Expo ’67 as 30
for horror films 361–362
identity-specific film and video festivals 342
national cinema identity and 36–39
as resources for creative economy 241
significance of 41–42
Toronto International Film Festival 35, 36–37, 40, 42–44, 49n27, 241, 360–361
women’s, in Montreal 327n9
film industry 185–188. See also filmmaking; Quebec (Québécois) cinema
for feature films, emergence of 353
freelance workers in 188
global trade agreements, impact of 10
in Nova Scotia 186
production sector 10–11, 14, 199, 334
in Quebec 213
size of 5
Telefilm Canada study on 18n21
in Toronto 231–234
Filmmaker in Residence (FIR) program (NFB/ONF) 409–410, 411, 416
filmmaking
administrative processes involved in 15–16
as collective task 114
feminist filmmaking 7
filmmaking cooperatives 192, 199n10
Indigenous filmmaking projects 101
musicality of contemporary feature-length filmmaking 399–404
A Film Monkey Production 359
films de fesses (butt movies, maple syrup porn) 375, 378, 383
Les Films de l’autre (production company) 265
film studies. See also game studies and games
film policy studies and 16
game studies’ impact on 435–437
Harcourt on 423
hybrid programs in 428–429
museums’ possible contributions to 74
at universities 423–424
Finding Dawn (Welsh) 108
FIR (Filmmaker in Residence) program (NFB/ONF) 409–410, 411, 416
first-person point of view 148–149
First Person Scholar (online game studies publication) 427
Fischinger, Oskar 394
Fishing (IBC) 135
Fitzgerald, Thom 186
Fitzpatrick, Scott 339
5¢ a Copy (Ackerman and Zbitniew) 273
Flageole, Clint 118
Flageole, Mikaï 118
Flaguais, Véronique 312f
Flaherty, Martha 130
Flaherty, Robert 125, 340
Flamand, Allan 115
Flanders, Elle 62, 292
Florent, Hélene 258
La Florida (George Mihalka) 378–379
Flowers on a One-Way Street (Spry) 397
Fluxus (international artists network) 337
The Fly (Cronenberg) 28
FM Youth (Oystryk) 276–277, 277f
Fogo Island Project (Low) 411
Foldès, Peter 398
Ford, John 125, 138
foreign film production, in Canada 48n15
foreign investments, of feature film production 45
Foresight Features 359
Forest (for a thousand years . . .) (Cardiff and Miller) 53, 54f, 55, 67, 67n2
La Forêt de mon grand-père/Nimocom Otaski (Chachai) 119
For Morgendagen (Riel) 324
Forsberg, Walter 278, 279, 283n11
Fortin, Andrée 201, 202
Fortin, Langiss 117
Fort McMoney (Dufresne) 413, 414
Fortress Louisbourg 188–189
49th parallel 166. See also borders
Foucault, Michel 235
found-footage films 278–279
Fournier, Claude 375, 376
(p. 457) France
Frenchness, problematization of 261–262
French New Wave 376
as provider of French-language films to Quebec 370
Franco, José Lozano 167
Francophone cinema 106, 260, 261, 262. See also Quebec (Québécois) cinema
Fraser, Marie 75
Fratecelli, Rina 327n11
Freedman, Des 16
Freeman, Elizabeth 286
Freer, James 22
Free Trade Agreement (1989) 187
Freitag, Gina 364n8
French Canadians. See also Quebec; Quebec (Québécois) cinema
identity of, Quebec films and 256–257
male-female relations among 385
French Immersion (Tierney) 165
Friday the 13th (Cunningham) 356
Friedrich, Caspar David 53
fringe films. See experimental media arts
Froger, Marion xvii, 201
“From Script to Screen” (government film policy) 12
Frontieres (genre film coproduction market) 361
Fruet, William 356, 357
Frye, Northrop 21, 22–23, 24, 26–29, 31n14, 67n6
Fulford, Robert (Marshall Delaney) 354, 357
Funeral Home (Fruet) 356
Fung, Richard 25, 147, 149, 154–157, 161, 292, 342
Future Cinema Lab 425
The F Word (Dowse) 230, 242, 243
G
Gabrielle (Archambault) 316
Gagné, Philippe David 38
Gagnon, Charles 335
Gagnon, Claude 388n1
Gagnon, Jean 341
Gagnon, Monika Kin xix, 30, 333
Gajean, Philippe 201
Gale, Peggy 340–341
Galieno, Simon 210n1
Games Institute Janes (GI Janes) project 427
game studies and games 423–439
Assassins Creed 431–435
Canadian game industry 428–431
game industry, tax credits for 430–431, 438–439n19
games, studying and researching 425–428
impact on film studies 435–437
Ganser, Alexandra 172
Garbage Hill: A Showcase of Discarded Film and TV (screening series) 279
Garigue, Philipe 369
garrison mentality (garrison theory) 26, 27, 29, 67n6
Garrity, Sean 276
Gattinger, Monica 312–313
Gaudenzi, Sandra 411
Gaudioso, Massimo 251
Gaudreault, Émile 251, 252, 380
Gauthier, Jennifer 85, 87, 94, 96, 100, 102n22
Gauthier, Renaud 359
Geddes, Colin 360–361
Geese (Pootoogook) 95f, 96
Gélinas, Gratien 355, 371
Gell, Alfred 85, 100
gender. See also men; women
as category in national belonging 309
gender parity, problem of 313–315, 327nn11–13
gender reversals, Marshall on 327n17
genre films
border films as 166–168
community for 364
Cronenberg and 353
genre subversion 171
inertial nature of 363
national cinema, intersection with 367
in pre–tax shelter era 355–356
repetition of narrative patterns in 167
geographies, emotional. See Quebec (Québécois) cinema
Germain, Michel 339
Gerrier, Marin 258
(p. 458) Gibson, Mel 49n29
GI Janes (Games Institute Janes) project 427
Gilroy, Paul 147, 151
Ginger Snaps (Fawcett) 352, 360
Girard, Rémy 255, 378
Girl House (Knautz and Matthews) 351
Giroux, Maxime 201, 210n1
Gittings, Christopher E. xiv, 168, 169, 294
GIV (Groupe Intervention Vidéo) 334
Glenn Gould: On the Record (Koenig and Kroitor) 397
Gligorijevic, Katarina 361
Glissant, Edouard 150, 151
Global Hollywood, Atlantic Canada and 189–191, 198
globalization 10, 45, 187, 190
global village trope (McLuhan) 24, 57, 141
Gobbout, Jacques 375
Godard, Jean-Luc 38, 307, 321
Godbout, Claude 326–327n8
Goddess of Mercy (Gwan Yin) 153
Goffman, Erving 204, 206
The Goggles Media Group 410
Goin’ down the road (Shebib) 26, 49n26, 187, 193, 357, 401–402, 405
Goldring, Philip 86
Gonick, Noam 60
Good Day for Hunting (Pitaloosie) 96, 97f
The Good Lie (Falardeau) 46
Google 18nn22–23, 420
Gosine, Andil 156
Gould, Glenn 340, 346n5, 397
government policies. See policy frameworks
Graham, Rodney 62, 73
La Grande Illusion (Renoir) 263
Grandena, Florian 317, 318
La Grande Séduction/The Grand Seduction (McKellar) 251, 254, 263–264, 264f
La Grande Séduction/Seducing Doctor Lewis (Pouliot) 79, 313, 380
Grandmaison, Pascal 73
Le Grand Noiceur (The Great Darkness) 318f, 320, 370, 374
Grant, George Parkin 21, 22, 25, 30
Gratton, Bob 383
Gravestock, Steve 42, 170
Grbovic, Ivan 203
The Great Darkness (Le Grand Noiceur) 318f, 320, 370, 374
Great North (Dignard) 142
The Great White Silence (Ponting) 141
Grenier, Serge 375
Greyson, John 24–25, 286, 292, 296–299, 299f
Grierson, John 6–7, 21, 26, 30, 354, 394, 409, 418
GRMC (Groupe Recherches de Musique Concrète) 395
Grondin, Marc-André 381, 403
Le Gros Bill (Delacroix) 370
Groulx, Gilles 128, 220, 223, 224, 374, 376
Groupe Intervention Vidéo (GIV) 334
Groupe Recherches de Musique Concrète (GRMC) 395
Grou-Podz, Daniel 14
Group of Seven 55, 67n9, 140
Grusin, Richard 65
The Guardian (newspaper), interactive projects of 8
Guattari, Félix 253, 262
Guay, Louis-Martin 429, 430
Gury, Paul 370, 373
Gwan Yin (Goddess of Mercy) 153
H
Hagan, Tyler 412
HAL Films 49n29
Hall, Annie 31n6
Halloween (Carpenter) 356
Hamilton, Ontario, horror community in 361
Hamilton, Frank 87
Handling, Piers 357, 364n6
Hands of History (Todd) 107
Hanec, Greg 276
Haneke, Michael 46
The Hanging Garden (Fitzgerald) 186
Hanway Films 46
Happy Birthday to Me (Thompson) 356, 358
Harcourt, Peter 354, 423–424, 427, 429, 437, 438n13
Hardcore Logo (McDonald) 403
Hard Drive (MacGillivray) 194–195
Hard Light (Simms) 197–198
Harkema, Reginald 237, 239
Harkness, John 44
(p. 459) Harper, Stephen 87, 102n11, 293
Harrison, John 86
Hartford, David 125
Hart of London (Chambers) 58
haunted landscapes 64
Havakeen Lunch (Swerhone) 273
Hayeur, Isabelle 61, 65
Hébert, Isabelle 318–319
Hecker, Tim 404–405
Heffernan, Diane 291
Heidegger, Martin 26, 27, 415–416, 417
Heider, Karl 128–129
Helios Design Lab 413
Hellmouth (Geddes) 359
Hendry, Tom 239
Henri Henri (Talbot) 203
Henry, Karen 339
Henry, Pierre 395
Héroux, Denis 42, 326–327n8, 374–375
heterosexuality
queer appropriation and sexual fluidity in works of straight authors 293–296
romanticization of 309
Higgins, Dick 339
Highrise project (Cizek) 8, 410, 418
Highway 61 (McDonald) 166, 168–171, 173–174, 403
Hill, Gary 73
history
appropriation of, in digital games, 431–435
historical re-enactments 137
historicity of landscapes 62–64
ownership of 216
History Channel Canada, interactive documentaries 410
“History of Games” international conference (2013) 426
History of the Inuit Broadcasting Corporation in Igloolik (IBC) 135–136
Hitchcock et l’art (Montreal Museum of Fine Arts) 73–75
Hlady, Gregory 385
Hoedeman, Co 89, 92
Hoffman, Philip 342
Hollywood. See also location shooting
Canadian film talents, use of 46
Canadian market, domination of 9–10, 127, 253
Global Hollywood and Atlantic Canada 189–191, 198
globalization of media and 190
music publishing industry, control of 392
runaway film production 232, 235, 236, 237, 362
Hollywood North 232, 233–234, 235, 245n4, 252
“A Home Away from Home: Celebrities at TIFF Talk Toronto” (promotional video) 240–241
Home Cooked Music (Maryniuk) 283n8
Homicycle (Kelly) 359
Un homme et son péché (Gury) 370
L’homme idéal (Mihalka) 380, 384–385
l’homme performant 256
Hommes à louer (Men for Sale, Jean) 293
homogeneity, in popular Quebec cinema 369–373, 375, 378–379, 381–382, 384, 387–388
homosexuality 24, 257, 259. See also queer Canadian cinemas
Hoolboom, Michael 286, 292, 334, 341, 343
Hopkins, Zoe 108
horror cinema 351–364
Cronenberg and 352–355
current horror cinema 359–363
during tax shelter era 351, 355–359
Hot Docs 410
Houdini, Harry 125
Hough, John 356
Houston, James A. 86
Howard, Ron 252, 379
Howell, Peter 229
How I Became a Rambling Man (Graham) 62
How a People Live (Jackson) 108
How to Build an Igloo (Wilkinson) 106
Huard, Patrick 262, 263f, 378, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386f
Hubbert, Julie 400–401
humor
in oral narratives 120–121
in Québécois films 380
Hunting Trip (IBC) 135
Huston, Nancy 318
(p. 460) Huyghe, Pierre 73
Hydro Québec 142
hyperlink and database structures 413–414
I
IBC (Inuit Broadcasting Corporation) 85, 102n21, 109, 135–137
Ice Box (Ipellie) 89
Ice Fishing (Bennett) 65
The Ice Storm (Lee) 400
Icewarrior (Cornouailles, Perrault) 130, 131
Icon Entertainment 49n29
I Confess (Hitchcock) 75
The Idea of North (Gould) 340
identity. See also Indigenous peoples; national cinema, identity of; national identity
borders and 263
Canadian cultural identity, theory of 28–29
Canadian identity, United States as threat to 353
of French Canadians, Quebec films and 256–257
identity politics, impact of 342
land as 119–120
national music identity 393
search for, by Quebecers 381
Iglesias, Norma 166–167
Igloolik, Nunavut, as Arctic film capital, 137–139
Igloolik Isuma Productions 109
Ikshues—Show-Show de filles (Rousselot) 121
Il Était une fois dans l’Est (Brassard) 290
“Ilse” dominatrix trilogy 289
IMAA/AAMI (Independent Film and Video Alliance/L’Alliance de la video et du cinema independent) 342, 345n1
Images from the Film Spiral (McLuhan) 22, 31n5
image warriors 117, 122n4
ImagineNATIVE film and media festival 101, 108
“Imagining an Intercultural Nation” (Allan) 286
IMAX (Image Maximus) 140–142, 404, 406n4, 412
IMMERSE: The Research Network for Video Game Immersion 427
Immersion Setting Sun (after Monet) (Courchesne) 66
immigration and immigrants 174–176, 271
“Immigration Task Force” (Tracey and Raymont) 177
L’Imposture (Lamont) 293
Incendies (Villeneuve) 43, 46, 251, 261
Incendo 362
The Incredible Hulk (Leterrier) 234
Incubus (Hough) 356
Independent Film and Video Alliance/L’Alliance de la video et du cinema independent (now IMAA/AAMI) 342, 345n1
Independent Imaging Retreat (“Film Farm”) 342
independent production sector, rise of 8
Indian (Nepinak) 281, 282f, 283n13
Indian Affairs Department, collaboration with NFB/ONF 89
Indian and Northern Affairs Department 92
Indigenous cinema 105–122
Arnait video art collective 110, 135, 137–139, 322–325, 326, 328n21
environmental activism and healing 117–119
Indigenous representations 106–110
international workshops, impact of 119–120
in Quebec 111–113
Wapikoni Mobile project 112–117
in Winnipeg 281–282
Indigenous peoples (Inuit) 83–102
anticolonialism of 55
“art” by 86–88
Bambification of 133
Cape Dorset animation project 92–99
contexts for 85–88
emotional geography of 220
Indigenous genocide, residential schools and 87, 329n24
Indigenous Other, romanticization of 117
Indigenous youth, identity of 113
(p. 461) NFB/ONF’s Eskimo Legends animation project 88–92
in Quebec society 265
industrial policy framework 9–12
Inertia (Garrity) 276
inexportability 254
L’Initiation (Héroux) 375, 376
In Limbo (Vivaldi) 414, 419–420
Innerworld (Hayeur) 61
Innis, Harold Adams 21, 22, 197–198, 341
Innuksuk, Nyla 134
Insight Film Studios 362
Institut de la statistique du Québec 380
Institut québécois du cinema (IQC) 310, 326n8
intellectual milieu 21–31
antitechnologism 22
Cronenberg and 28–29
Elder and 25–27
Expo ’67 and 30
Frye 21–22, 29
Greyson and 24–25
Grierson and 26
Kroker and 22–23
local/global interface 27–28
Maddin and 23–24
McLuhan and 21–22, 27–28
Wieland and 25
interactive documentaries (i-docs) 409–420
affective engagement with 417–418
Challenge for Change and 411
connection and 418, 420
intensity of mechanisms of 418–419
interactions in, nature of 412–415, 419
navigation of 414–415, 419
NFB/ONF and 409–410, 420
objectivity of 419
popular music and 404–405
spectators of 409, 411–412, 415, 417–418, 419
subject/object divide in 415–417
intermedia
experimental film and 337, 339
policy framework for 13–15
Intermedia (Vancouver arts organization) 339
international auteurs, Canadian cinema as cinema of 44
international coproductions 5, 44, 48n15, 49n29, 355
International Experimental Film Congress (1989) 341
The International Style (Paizs) 274
In the Offing (Rokeby) 60–61, 61f
In the Reign of Twilight (McMahon) 139–140
In the Shadows of Gold Mountain (Cho) 148
intimacy 151, 153–154, 156–157, 161, 335
Intouchables (Nakache and Toledano) 253
“Intuition” (Avec pas d’casque) 210n9
Inuit. See Indigenous peoples
Inuit Broadcasting Corporation (IBC) 85, 102n21, 109, 135–137
Inuit Film and Video Archives 101
Inuit Relations Secretariat of Aboriginal Affairs, funding of Unikkausivut 131
Inukshuk (Pootoogook) 96–98, 97f
Inutiq, Geronimo 340, 340f, 346n5
Inuttitut Christmas Games (Cape Dorset animation) 96
Inuvialuit, film representations of 131
Les Invasions barbares (Arcand) 42, 48n23, 49n29, 251, 254–255, 255f, 257–258, 295
Investment Canada, Policy on Foreign Investment in the Canadian Film Distribution Sector 11
InVisible Colours (conference, 1989) 341
Invisible Nation (Le Peuple invisible, Desjardins and Mondérie) 111
Invisible Nation (Raymont and Tracey) 166, 174–176
Iola (print stone carver) 86, 93
Ipellie, Alootook 89
IQC (Institut québécois du cinema) 310, 326n8
Ishiguro, Kazuo 24
Isolation in the 80s (Winnipeg Film Board) 274
Isuma (video art collective) 125, 135, 137–139, 323, 324
It’s a Hobby for Harvey (Lank) 273
It’s All Gone Pete Tong (Dowse) 403–404
iTunes, Canadian subscription fees 18n23
(p. 462) Ivalu, Madeline Piujuq 110, 137, 138, 323, 323f, 325
Ivalu, Paul-Dylan 325
Ive Heard the Mermaids Singing (Rozema) 236–237
Ixe-13 (Gobbout) 375
J
Jackson, A. Y. 337
Jackson, Lisa 107, 108
Jackson, Peter 400
Jacob, Luis 60
Jacob, Selwyn 157–158, 159, 160
Jacobs, Jane 30n3
J’ai tué ma mère (Dolan) 41, 301, 404
Jam3 (design firm) 405
Janisse, Kier-la 361
Jarmusch, Jim 276
Jaws (Spielberg) 356
Jazz on a Summer’s Day (Stern) 397
Jean, Rodrigues 195, 293
Jeancolas, Jean-Pierre 254
Jésus de Montréal (Arcand) 42, 43, 48n22, 49n26, 257, 378
Une jeune fille (Martin) 203, 315
Jewison, Norman 47
Joanasie, Mathew 95f, 96
Jodelet, Denise 202
Johnson, Pierre Marc 381
Joli-Coeur, Claude 132
Joly, Mélanie 14
Jones, Andy 193
Jones, Huw David 5–6
Jones, Mike and Andy 192
Jones, Pokey (Highway 61 character) 168–171, 174
Jo pour Jonathan (Giroux) 201
Joseph, Isaac 203, 206
Joseph, Robert 122n3
Le Jour avant le lendemain (Before Tomorrow, Cousineau and Ivalu) 110, 137, 323f, 324–325, 328n21, 328–329n22
Journal d’un coopérant (Morin) 265
A Journal of Insomnia (Choinière, Lambert, Duverneix, and Braun) 414
The Journals of Knud Rasmussen (Kunuk) 110, 137
Juggling (Pootoogook) 95
Julien, Isaac 73
Jungen, Brian 63–64, 64f, 68n16
Junior Boys 396
Just Dandy (Cuthand) 300
Juste la fin du monde (Dolan) 41, 48n18, 251, 301
Jutra (Saint-Pierre) 38
Jutra, Claude
Blackburn and 395
experimental works of 335
Greyson, comparison with 298
mentioned 288, 352, 374, 376, 396
popularity of 43, 49n26, 54
reception of films of 26
sexuality in films of 289
K
Kaganskiy, Julia 421n2
Kahle, Brewster 414
Kanada (Hoolboom) 286
Kanehsatake 270 ans de résistance (Kanehsatake, 270 years of Resistance, Obomsawin) 107, 218–220, 219f
Kashmere, Brett 337–338, 339
Kaye, Janice 234
Kce iriniw acitc sipiriw (The Old Man and the River, Chilton) 116
Kelly, Brett 359
Kelly, Jeannette 158
Kentridge, William 73
Kerr, Robert 141
Kiarostami, Abbas 46
Kick It Now (Moar) 116
Kid Brother (Gagnon) 388n1
Kidd, John 30n2
Kids in the Hall (TV series) 276
Kiesłowsksi, Krzysztof 259
Kilpatrick, Jacquelyn 106
King, Burton L. 125
Kingdom Come (Sager) 359
Kingstone, Peter 293
Kish, Albert 398
Kissed by Lightning (Niro) 107
Kitaskino (Notre territoire, Niquay) 117, 119
Klatsassin (Douglas) 58, 63, 68n14, 344
Klodawsky, Helene 404
(p. 463) Klute (Pakula) 159
Koenig, Wolf 83, 92–93, 100, 397
Konrad, Victor 171, 179n1
Kotcheff, Ted 38, 39
Kowtak, Patsy 89
Kozak, John 274
Kracauer, Siegfried 415, 417
Kroitor, Roman xx, 141, 271, 338, 397
Kroker, Arthur 22, 26, 30
Kubasa in a Glass: The Fetishised Winnipeg TV Commercial 1976–1992 (L’Atelier national du Manitoba) 279
Kuchar, George and Mike 336
Kudloo, Thomas 89
Kunuk, Zacharias
Cohn and 323
early interests 138
on Inuit “progress” 138
as Isuma founder 137
mentioned 105, 125, 130
popularity of 43, 49n26, 54
production company of 109
on space-time collapse 31n17
territory relationship in works of 117
Kurzweil, Ray 414
Kushtakuan/Danger (Fortin and Mckenzie) 117
Kwan, Cheuk 148
Kwoni (Monnet) 281
L
Labrador, tourism slogan of 189
LaBruce, Bruce 293
Labyrinth (Kroitor, O’Connor, and Low) 338
Lacey, Liam 229–230
Lacroix, René 371
Ladies and Gentlemen … Mr. Leonard Cohen (Brittain and Owen) 397
Lafleur, Stéphane 38, 204, 205, 210nn1, 9
Lafontaine, Lyse 319
Lafontaine, Monique 18n21
Laforest, Daniel xvii–xviii, 213
Laganière, Carole 327n13
Lagarce, Jean-Luc 301
Laird, Charles 129
laissez-faire economics 186–187
LaJeunesse, Félix 325
Lal, Chatur 396
Lalonde, Michèle 308
Lamarsh, Judy 337
Lambart, Evelyn 395, 396
Lambert, Philippe 405, 414
Lamentation (Monkman) 117
Lamont, Ève 293
Lamothe, Arthur 111
Lanctôt, Micheline 296, 315, 327n15
Land and Airwaves (Territoire des Ondes, Flamand and Boivin) 115
landscape 53–68
digital scenery 65–67
dualism of encounters with 26
economy versus 22
figure/ground and 58–60
geography-emotion relationship and 214
historicity of 62–64
horizon-lines in 60
human figures in 58–60, 68n11
1960s generation and 56–58
realism and 25
spatial illusions and 60–62
Wieland’s representation of 25
Lane, Jim 155
L’Anglais, Paul 370
Langlois, Michel 293
languages. See also Francophone cinema
Frenchness, problematization of 261–262
Indigenous, sacredness of 114
racism in 281
Lank, Barry 273
Lanoie-Brien, Karine 345
The Last Frontier (Richardson) 65
The Last Land (Morrison) 117
Lastman, Mel 233–234
Last Night (McKellar) 237, 402, 405
Latulippe, Gilles 375
Laurence Anyways (Dolan) 41, 48n18, 285, 301
Laurendeau, Marc 375
Lautrec, Donald 375
Lauzon, Jean-Claude 38–39, 46–47, 49n26, 166, 317–318, 388n1, 403
Leach, Jim xiv, 367
Leaf, Caroline 91, 92, 93, 95
Leary, Timothy 337
Leblanc, Réal Junior 118
(p. 464) Lee, Dennis 27
Lee, Tricia 359
Lefebvre, Jean Pierre 374
Lefevre, Rachelle 385
Legault, Claude 383
Legend of the Sappugrat River (Joanasie) 96
Lehoux, Valérie 321
Lemaître-Auger, Liliane 312f
Lemay-Thivierge, Guillaume 383
Lemieux, Michel 344–345
Un lendemain comme hier (Bulbulian) 398
Léolo (Lauzon) 38–39, 43, 49n26, 166, 403
Léonard, Sylvie 385
Lepage, Guy A. 380, 383
Lepage, Marquise 130, 317–318
Lepage, Robert 79n4, 253, 293
Lepage-Boily, Elizabeth 320
Lepine, Rory 280
Lerner, Loren 334
Lesage, Jean 374
lesbian soap opera 320–322
Lessard, Bruno xxi, 423
Lessons in Baby Dyke Theory (Cuthand) 300f
Létourneau, Jocelyn 256–257
Leuthold, Steven 114
Lévesque, René 371
Levitin, Jacqueline 327n9
Levy, Eugene 356
Lewis, Mark 59, 60, 73
Lewis, Maud 190
Lewis, Richard J. 403
Lexx (science fiction franchise) 186
Lickley, David 142
The Life and Times of Guy Terrifico (Mabbot) 403
Life Classes (MacGillivray) 192, 193–194
Life of Pi (Lee) 400
Lilies (Greyson) 24, 286, 287
Lind, Jane 336
Lines—Horizontal (McLaren and Lambart) 396
Linklater, Duane 63–64, 64f, 68n16
Lions Gate 38, 47n6
Lippe, Richard 361
listening, in landscapes 64
Liste noire (Vallée) 379, 380, 383
literature
film’s relationship to 14
literary adaptations 23
littérature-monde manifesto 260
Litt, Paul 353
Little Big Lies (Vallée) 46
Little Mosque on the Prairie (Nawaz) 240
live-audio recording (son-synchrone) 221–222
live cinema 339–340
Living Arctic (IBC) 136
Loading … (journal) 438n14
local film industries, problems faced by 191
Local Hero (Forsyth) 79
location shooting 12, 230, 244
Loin (Téchiné) 263
Loiselle, André xx, 358, 364n8, 367
Lonely Boy (Koenig and Kroitor) 397
Longfellow, Brenda xix, 235, 297, 307, 412, 413
A Long Time Ago (Wapikoni short film) 116–117
The Loon (Alariaq) 96
Lord of the Rings (Jackson) 400
Los Angeles Plays Itself (Andersen) 270
loss
diasporic 154, 161
narratives of 153
presence of 198
Lost and Delirious (Pool) 297, 317
Louie, Alexia 402
Louis Cyr, l’homme le plus fort du monde (Roby) 380
Louis 19, le roi des ondes (Poulette) 252, 378, 379
Les Loups (Desrape) 203
Love and Human Remains (Arcand) 42, 286, 287, 295, 296
Love Me, Love My Winnipeg. See My Winnipeg
Low, Colin xx, 338, 411, 412
Lowe, Lisa 151, 156
Lower, Bob 272
Lowry, Malcolm 398
LSTW (website, lezspreadtheword.com) 321
LUDICINÉ (website) 438n5
LUDOV (Laboratoire universitaire de documentation et d’observation vidéoludiques) 426
(p. 465) Lumaajuuq (Arnaquq-Baril) 109, 132
Lumaaq: An Eskimo Legend (Hoedeman), 89–90
Lupien, Anna 312, 313
Lussier, Réal 72
Lye, Len 394
Lynch, Paul 356
M
M. Butterfly (Cronenberg) 294
Mabbot, Michael 403
MacDonald, Adam 359
MacDonald, Bruce 195
MacGillivray, Bill 192, 194
MacGillivray, Greg 142
Maciunus, George 337–339
MacIvor, Daniel 195
MacKenzie, Alex 339
Mackenzie, Kris Happykack 116
MacKenzie, Scott xvi, 125
MacLennan, Hugh 142
MACOS (Man: A Course of Study) 129
MacPherson, Erika 283n12
Maddin, Guy
cult status of 46
films of 269–272, 278, 281
mentioned 25, 49n26, 293, 358
narration by 282n2
Paizs and 274
postmodernism and 23–24
prominence of 282
Winnipeg, desire for escape from 277–278
magazine industry, loss of ad revenues 18n23
Magic Man (Pootoogook) 97–98, 97f
Magic Reconnection (Armstrong) 140
Maïna (Poulette) 127
Main Film 315
Main Street (Singer) 412
Major, Ginette 256
Les Mâles (Carle) 377
Maliglutit (Searchers, Kunuk and Ungalaaq) 138
Malo, Rene 11
Maman est chez le coiffeur (Pool) 297, 317, 318–319
Man: A Course of Study (MACOS) 129
Man and the Giant: An Eskimo Legend (Hoedeman) 90–91, 90f
The Man from Beyond (King) 125
Manitoba. See also Winnipeg
Francophone culture in 276–277
rural areas of 273
Mankiewicz, Francis 256
Manon Briand 265
Manovich, Lev 435
Mansfield Park (Rozema) 49n29
Man with Harpoon (Pootoogook) 102n17
maple syrup porn (films de fesses, butt movies) 47n6, 289, 375, 378, 383
Maps to the Stars (Cronenberg) 29, 37, 39, 47n5
Marchessault, Janine 30, 335–336
Marchetti, Gina 150–151
Mariages (Martin) 315–316
Mariner 9 (Richardson) 65
Marion-Rivard, Gabrielle 327n14
market viability, government film support and 186, 312–313, 314, 320
Markiw, Jancarlo 273
Marks, Laura 152, 155
Marshall, William (Bill) xiv, xviii, 251
on gender reversals 327n17
on L’Homme ideal 385
on Pool 317
on Quebec culture and cinema 111, 295, 313
Martha qui vient du froid (Martha of the North, Lepage) 130
Martin, Andrea 356
Martin, Catherine 203, 210n1, 309, 315, 326
Martínez-Zalce, Graciela xvi–xvii, 165
Martin Walsh Memorial Lectures 286
Maryniuk, Mike 278, 283n8
Masayesava, Victor 114
Masculine/Feminine (Godard) 321
masculinity 257, 313
The Mask (Roffman) 351, 356, 367
Massey Commission and Report 21, 355
Massiah, Louis 148–149
Massimi, Fulvia xviii–xix, 285
Massot, Claude 132
Massumi, Brian 419
Matchbox Pictures 359
Maudie (Walsh) 190
(p. 466) La Maudite Galette (Arcand) 48n22
Maura, Carmen 265
Mauro, Ian 138
Ma vie en cinémascope (Filiatrault) 265, 316
Max Films 264
McCullough, John 192
McDonald, Bruce 166, 168–171, 173–174, 235, 403
McGrath, Doug 401
McIntyre, Lindsey 140
The McIntyre Block (Lower) 272
McKellar, Don 168, 235, 237, 251, 402
McKennitt, Loreena 403
Mckenzie, Ashley 195
Mckenzie, Nemnemiss 117
McKenzie, Scott 45
McLaren, Norman 30, 165, 288, 335, 394–396, 399, 405
McLaughlin, Stephen 231
McLeod, Dayna 344
McLuhan, Marshall
on Atwood 29
on Canada 25, 29
Expo ’67 and 29–30
global village trope 24, 57, 141
importance of 21
Innis and 28
Kroger on 22
on local/global dynamic 27
on the mechanical 28
on media, nature of 27, 30, 190–191
mediatic extension theory 24
on the message, nature of 56
on sexuality, automobiles and 28
Wielands, comparison with 68n10
writings of 341
McMahon, Kevin