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date: 21 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Emotions are important to personality and social psychology and their relationship. This chapter poses five questions about emotion, contrasting traditional views with recent and emerging perspectives from social–personality psychology. It reaches five conclusions about the nature and origin of emotion and its role in perception, behavior, and cognition: (1) The components of emotion are not sufficiently correlated to implicate underlying affective programs. (2) An iterative reprocessing view of emotion elicitation can accommodate both subcortical, unconscious affect and cognitively rich, conscious emotion. (3) Emotional influences on perception implicate the role of emotion as information about resources. (4) Rather than triggering behavior directly, emotional experience appears to serve a self-teaching function. (5) Positive and negative emotions affect thinking styles by promoting or inhibiting the cognitive orientations that are dominant in particular situations. The chapter is thus both historical and modern, emphasizing new developments and their implications for social–personality psychology.

Keywords: emotion, cognition, experience, components, perception, behavior, decision-making

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