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date: 29 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews motivation research that integrates person and situation perspectives or has the potential to do so. Personality and social psychologists pursue approaches to the study of human motivation that tend to be complementary, in part because they have had similar reactions to historical influences. Research tends to focus either on general motives or on specific goals and goal pursuit processes. Within each focus, one can distinguish between implicit and explicit motives and goals and approach and avoidance versions of motives and goal constructs. The chapter reviews fundamental motives theories, implicit motive theory, self-determination theory, reinforcement sensitivity theory, regulatory focus theory, research on goal structure, content, appraisal and pursuit, and recent research on implicit/explicit motive congruence.

Keywords: motivation, goals, implicit motives, self-determination theory, self-regulation, life tasks, approach, avoidance, goal conflict, Person × Situation interaction

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