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date: 28 February 2020

(p. 735) Index

(p. 735) Index

Page numbers followed by f or t indicate figures or tables, respectively. Numbers followed by n indicate notes.

Aboriginal Australians, 34, 608, 657, 667nn1–5. See also First Peoples
ABR (art-based research), 573
absolute hospitality, 390–391
abstract expressionism, 431
ACA (Association of Community Artists), 325–326, 336
Academy of Music (Norway), 5
acceptance, 683–684
accessibility, 246–252
Access to Work grants, 485, 498n19
accountability, 413, 415
ACGB (Arts Council of Great Britain), 325–326, 332
ACID (Australasian Cooperative Research Centre for Interaction Design), 143
Acid Brass, 216
acoustic ecology, 133
action
ethical, 396
love-in-action, 393
reflection-in-action, 9–10, 187–188, 690n2
reflection-on-action, 9–10, 690n2
right (praxis), 387, 722–725
social, 308–311, 313, 315
theory of, 302
active ageing, 101
active participation, 308, 675–676
Adams, Don, 424
Addams, Jane, 548
Adeleke, Adebisi, 636f
adolescents, 199. See also youth and young people
adult education, 528, 695, 707. See also education
core principles of, 695–697, 705–706
adulthood, emerging, 202–203
advocacy, 283, 527–528
aerial drop cultural distribution, 436
aesthetics, 387–388, 722
Afghanistan, 46, 482
Afghanistan National Institute of Music, 50, 67
Africa, 537
African Americans, 422
African drumming, 61, 63, 64f
African, Latino(a), Asian, Arab, and Native American (ALAANA) communities and artists, 430, 440–442
age bands, 91–92
ageing, positive and creative, 89–108
agency, 405
Ah Gu, 251
AI (arts inquiry), 573
aid programmes, 66
Al Baath Arab Voices of Galilee, 274
Alden, Howard, 582
Alderman, Naomi, 221
Paul G. Allen Family Foundation, 645
allied health professionals, 465
‘all seeing eye’ model, 160
Al Nour Wal Amal (Light and Hope) Chamber Orchestra, 477–478
Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre, 429
Amami, 35–36
amateur music, 324, 528
Amazon, 30 (p. 736)
Amazon Centre for Music Research, 149n5
ambition, 11
American Music Partnership of Seattle (AMPS), 638, 645
American Music Therapy Association, 310
Anderson, Martha, 695
andragogy, 604, 694–698, 706–707, 726, 728
anga’faka-Tonga, 75
Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, 561
Animating Democracy, 303
Ansdell, Gary, 449–450, 454–457
anti-Semitism, 372
Anyon, Jean, 372–373
Aotearoa, 72–73, 76
applied ethnomusicology, 450, 527–528, 528t, 537
applied improvisation, 682–683
appreciation, 134
appropriation, cultural, 368, 584
Arab world, 273–276
Araujo, Samuel, 261n7
archiving
Azibuye Emasisweni (‘Let them bring back our culture’) initiative, 531–536, 536f, 537
Free Music Archive, 133
Arduino micro controller, 138, 140
Arduino Project Hub, 148n1
Argentinian National Symphony Blind, 478
Aristotle, 370–371, 387–388, 459
Arnold, Mattnew, 548
art(s), 302
communal arts, 324
community arts, 325–326, 328, 555–556
contemporary, 560–561
in development, 307–308
disability arts, 477–502
goals of, 361n3
interventions, 569–570
intrinsic value of, 332, 335
music as, 353–354
participatory, 307–308
as political movement, 328, 333
public art, 424
quality of, 10–11
regulation of, 328
for returning military personnel, 558–560
socially engaged Art (SEA), 715–716
traditional, 429
art-based research (ABR), 573
Art, Culture, and Social Justice Network, 283–284
Artist as Citizen course (UW School of Music), 649
artistic citizenship, 365–383
artists, 254, 257, 258t
arts administrators, 443–444
arts-based educational research (ABER), 573–594
arts-based research, 450–451, 581
Arts Council England, 222, 284–285, 332, 424
Arts Council of Great Britain (ACGB), 325–326, 332
arts engagement, 305, 305f, 307–308
arts funding, 325, 328–331, 355, 362n9, 427–429
aerial drop, 436
corporate giving, 439–440
by foundations, 440–441
funder imperatives, 283–287
by individual donors, 441–442
public, ix, 431–433
for visually impaired musicians, 485–486
arts inquiry (AI), 573
Arts in Shelters, 377
arts leaders, professional, 314
arts organizations, 436–437
arts participation, 301–321
Art Start, 376–377
arts therapy, 310–313, 315
ArtWorks Alliance, 336–337, 339
Asian Americans, 422
Asia Pacific Community Music Network (APCMN), 5
assessment, 711–733
asset-based approach, 659, 670t672t
assimilation, 427
Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music (ABRSM), 262n9
Association for Community Arts, 326
Association for Music Education (UK), 480
Association of Community Artists (ACA), 325–326, 335–336
asylum seekers’ centre (ASC), 680–681
at-risk youth, 197, 199, 208n1
attitudes, 717–719
Audacity, 133, 141 (p. 737)
audio programming, 141–142
Australasian Cooperative Research Centre for Interaction Design (ACID), 143
Australia, 3, 15–16, 154
community service learning programmes with First Peoples, 656–657
visually impaired musicians, 480–481
young people, 196–197
Australian Research Council, 30–32, 558
Austria, 481
authenticity, 436
authority, shared, 686
autoethnography, 580, 587
autonomy and control, 56, 98
Do-It-Yourself, xi, 138
informed, 413
support for, 99, 100f
Avaaz, xi
Avoidance, 659–660, 667n3
awareness
cultural, 659, 670t672t
geographic, 403–404, 410–411, 417
awareness-raising, 308–309
Aymara Indians, 426
Azibuye Emasisweni (‘Let them bring back our culture’) initiative, 531–536, 536f, 537
Al Baath Arab Voices of Galilee, 274
Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) (Hons) Community Music degree, 714, 720–721
Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree, 598
Bachelor of Music degree, 599–600
Bacote v. Federal Bureau of Prisons, 154
al-Baghdadi, Abu Bakr, 278n16
Bailey, Peter, 547
Bakan, Danny, 450–451, 574–587
Baker, Abi, 482
Baker, David, 450, 496n1
Baldry, Harold, 325, 335
Balfe, Judith, 428
Balfour, Arthur James, 273
Balfour, Michael, 450
Bali, 26, 33–34
Balkans, 234
Balkan Summer Music Camp, 375–376
Baluji Music Foundation, 478, 482–484, 497nn11–12
Bambini al Centro (Children in the Centre), 367–368
BAMT (British Association for Music Therapy), 454, 456, 468
bangsawan theatre, 251
banjars (village units), 26
Banjo Hangout (BH), 112, 112f, 116, 120–121, 126, 126n5, 583
Barbican-Guildhall school, 714
Barenboim, Daniel, 261n1
Barenboim-Said Foundation, 67
Barker, Danny, 579
Barker, Guy, 482
Barkly Regional Arts (BRA), 664
Barnum, P. T., 551, 553n3
The Barracudas, 219–220
Barrow Centenary Choir, 213
Barrow-in-Furness music residency, 218–220
Bartleet, Brydie-Leigh, 594
B-Arts, 218
Barz, Gregory, 378–379
Basic Psychological Needs Scales, 97
Baym, Nancy, 114
Bazelgette, Peter, 424
Baziri, Faustus, 379
The Beatles, 436, 578
Beattie, Mary, 575
Beershop Act (1830), 550
Behan, Cormac, 161, 166
Behavioural, Emotional, and Social Difficulties (BESD), 181–182
Beiderbecke, Bix, 579
Belliveau, George, 579–580
belonging, 680–681
Benga, Ota, 426
Bennett, Dawn, 594
Bentley, Jane, 467
Berlin, Germany, 597
Bernouilli Square festival (Groningen), 343–344, 355
Berry, Chuck, 436
Bhabha, Homi K., 2
bhangra, 481, 497n9
Bhate, Anand, 642
Big Lottery Fund, 284
Binkiewicz, Donna, 431
biographical research, 497n7 (p. 738)
Birmingham Conservatoire, 454
Bithell, Caroline, 527
Biwa Hōshi (lute) priests, 477
Blacking, John, 525
blended learning, 127n8
Blind and Low Vision Education Network (BLENNZ), 480
blind identity, 487
‘Blind Man Driving’ (Stuckey), 486
blind music culture, 478–479
Block, Rory, 578–579, 582
Blue Mass Group, 278n12
BM Boys, 251
Boal, Augusto, 266, 308–309
Boas, Franz, 426
Bocelli, Andrea, 477
Boden, Margaret, 136
Boele, Evert Bisschop, 300
Boltanski, Luc, 361n4
bomba, 639–641
bombango, 640
borders
boundary walking, 361, 605, 610, 719, 725
crossing, 246–252
Bosnia, 234
Bosnia-Herzegovina, 43
Bosniak (Muslim) East Mostar, 51–52
Boston University, 612
Bougainville Sky, 564
boundary walking, 361, 605, 610, 719, 725
Bourdieu, Pierre, 198–199
Bowman, Wayne, 367
Boyle, Jimmy, 251
Braille, 498n18
Braille, Louis, 498n18
Braille Music, 498n18
Braille Ready Format (brf), 498n18
Brand, Stewart, 110–111
brass band tradition, 26
Brazil, 154, 415
brf (Braille Ready Format), 498n18
Brisbane Chamber Choir, 506
Brisbane Chorale, 506
British Association for Music Therapy (BAMT), 454, 456, 468
British Educational Research Association (BERA), 497n10
British Journal of Music Therapy, 468
The British Paraorchestra, 478, 483–484, 488, 490, 492–494
British Psychological Society (BPS), 497n10
Britten, Benjamin, 338
Broonzy, Big Bill, 587
Brown, Robert, 634
Brown, Tim, 726
Buck, Joe, 486, 491
Budwege Village (Uganda), 379
Bulgaria, 30
bulletin boards, 126n1
Bumiputera (sons of the soil), 245
Butterworth, George, 557
Byrdwell, Phyllis, 638
Byron, Don, 434
Cambodian Living Arts, 67
Camlin, Dave, 594
Campbell, Pat, 594
Canada, 4, 154, 481, 562, 597–598
Canadian University Music Society, 600
cante alentajano, 25–26
Cantopop, 143
CAp (Colégio de Aplicação), 139–142, 147–148
CAP (creative analytical practices), 573–575, 584
capability theory, 700
capacity-building, 255–257
capitalism, 547–548, 550
CAp (Colégio de Aplicação) Music Area, 139–141
care ethics, 369, 392–393, 568
care homes, 334
care-related factors, 230
Carlin, George, 371
Carnegie Hall, 426
Carnforth Choral Society, 223
A Carnival of the SeaI, 220
Carruthers, Glen, 593
Casa Latina, 640
case studies, 450
in community engagement and lifelong learning, 678–684
in community-oriented work, 413–416
for positive and creative ageing, 95–97
prison vignettes, 162–165
in sustainability, 33–37
that highlight a sense of place, 218–224 (p. 739)
in ubiquitous technologies, ubiquitous music, 139–148
CASP-12, 97
Castellano, Joel Cruz, 646
Castro, Cesar, 646, 648f
ca trù, 36
Cave, Phoene, 454–455
Cayari, Christopher, 119
CBT (cognitive-behaviour therapy), 561
CCCS (Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies), 201–202
CCD (community cultural development), 311–313, 315
Cebu Provincial Detention and Rehabilitation Centre, 159
celebration, 217–218
centenarians, 90
Centenary Choir, 219
Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS), 201–202
Centre for Educational Research in Music (Norwegian Academy of Music), 5
Centro Cultural de Mexico (Santa Ana, California), 646
El Centro de la Raza, 645
Ceritera Lebuh Carnavon (Carnavon Street Story), 261n5
Chabad House, 639
Champions of Change collection, 196
change
appropriate, 188
power of music for, 309
social, 302
theory of, 301–305, 312–313
Change.Org, xi
charitable organizations, 445n3
Charities Evaluation Service, 284–285
Charles, Ray, 477
Chase, Claire, 414–415
Chatterjee, Anubrata, 642
Chautauqua, 426, 547
Chechnya, 376
Chen, Steve, 118
Chernoff, John, 713
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, 428
children
in challenging circumstances, 181–182
factors for addressing disadvantage, 185
homeless, 376–377
honoring participant voices, 186–188
music therapy for, 375
reflective questions, 191–192
strategic working with, 177–194
of war zones, 375
working with, 334
child soldiers, 376
Chile, 481
China, 154, 553n2
choice, 416
choral singing, 520, 550
examples, 508–519
health effects of, 505–506, 509–514, 510t512t, 513t, 514t, 517–519
and quality of life, 514, 514t
Chorus America, 277n1
Christianity, muscular, 547
CHS (Community Heartsong Project), 274–275
church, 83
Circuit Benders, 117
citizenship, artistic, 365–383
civic values, 348, 354–355
compromises of, 349, 352t
critiques of, 349, 350t351t
civil disobedience, 374
civil resistance, 374
Civil Rights movement, 379–380, 423
classical culture, 425
classical music, 29, 372
Clift, Stephen, 450
climate, 706
Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), 294, 297n5
Clinks, 303, 304f, 316
closed question surveys, 287–288
CMA (Commission for Community Music Activity) (ISME), 5, 26, 179, 192n2, 281, 366, 400, 538n2, 606, 703, 708n3
coaching, 687–688
coalitions for justice, 379
CODES, 140–141
Coffman, Don, 594
cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT), 561
Cohen, Mary, 265
Coldplay, 484
Cold War, 431 (p. 740)
Colégio de Aplicação (CAp), 139–142, 147–148
Colégio de Aplicação (CAp) Music Area, 139–141
CAp Soundscape, 141
Ubiquitous Music in Cap class, 141
collaboration(s), 602–603, 630–631
challenges, 619–620
definition of, 617–618, 630–631
with First Peoples, 656
fully integrated mergers, 621–623, 621f
joint partnerships with affiliated programming, 628–630, 628f
joint programs or program office, 626–628, 626f
with local musical communities, 633–651
models of, 617–632
motivations for, 619–620
in musical theatre, 254, 257, 258t259t
partially integrated mergers, 623–625, 624f
for peace-building, 254, 257, 258t259t
reflective questions for, 631, 650
suggestions for practice, 659, 670t672t
sustained campus-community collaborations, 641–642
university commitment to, 633–651
collegiality, xi
Colombia, 46, 480–481
Columbian World Exhibition, 426
combat-related PTS, 560
combat-related trauma, 557–558
Coming in to Land, 224
Commission for Community Music Activity (CMA) (ISME), 5, 26, 179, 192n2, 281, 366, 400, 538n2, 606, 703, 708n3
communal arts, 324
communal music-making, 389–390
communal well-being, 366
communication, 606
intercultural dialogue, 235
suggestions for practice, 659, 670t672t
communitas, 385–386
communities of music learners, 581–587
communities of practice (CoPs), 120–121, 583, 676–677
components of, 126n6
digital performing ensemble communities, 121
fostering, 581–587
local musical communities, 633–651
online music communities, 109–130
open online communities (OOCs), 110–113, 116–118, 120–121
self-contained online communities, 109–110
virtual communities, 111
communities of resistance, 311
community, 37–39, 72–74
community music as response to, 27–29
concept of, 701–702
convergent, 109–110
definition of, 26, 492
forces that influence sustainability of music, 32–33
musicking in, 119–120
music-making in, 102, 102f
music of, 389–390
participatory music in, 97–98, 100
virtual communities, 126n3
ways of knowing, 74–75
community art(s), 3, 325–326, 555–556, 675
birth of, 324–325
compromises in, 349–353
critiques in, 349–353
depoliticization of, 327–328
as political movement, 328
political role, 328
residencies, 637–639
as service to society, 335
Community Arts movement, 455, 544, 712
community-based music, 555–556
community charges, 328
community choirs, 274
community cohesion/development, 215
community cultural development (CCD), 311–313, 315
community culture, 424–425
community engagement, 435, 654, 673–691
community ensembles, 487–492
Community Heartsong Project (CHS), 274–275
community initiatives, 266–269, 268f
community-led learning, 665–666
community listening, 567
community music, 389–390. See also case studies; specific events and projects
activities, 2, 23
with adults, 693–709
applications, 165–166 (p. 741)
approaches, 180–185
archiving, 531–537
artistic citizenship, 365–383
B.A. (Hons) Community Music degree, 714, 720–721
basics of, 366–370
categories, 334
as chameleonic, 723
characteristics of, 27, 528, 528t
collaborative, 617–632
community role, 338
in conflict-affected settings, 45–46
contexts, 21–22, 23–41
courses, 612
critiques, 349, 350t351t
crossfields, 457
cultural democracy and, 423–425
culturally appropriated, 368
cultural policy, 343–363
as culture bearer, 609
as culture broker, 610–611
as culture builder, 609–610
definition of, x, 2, 13–16, 26, 30, 81–83, 323, 330, 389–390, 484, 525–526, 544, 711
development of, 4, 178–185
domains of, 30, 31f
dynamics of, 23–41
early practice, 712–713
emerging questions and considerations, 6–8
ethical considerations, 385–402
and ethnomusicology, 525–541
evaluation of, 281–283
family music, 83
fostering, 583
framework for, 659, 670t672t
funding. See arts funding
future directions, 124–125, 333–335
global, 1–2
growth of, 213–228
in higher education, 595–616
history of, ix–x, 3–6, 455–456, 455f, 544, 550–551
for individuals, 338
institutionalized, 24, 27–29
instrumental uses, 337–338
intentions, goals, or purpose of, xii, 45–46, 179–180
intercultural, 229–242, 659–665
international, 4
interventions, 2–4, 24, 26–27, 30, 389–390, 569–570
key contexts, 24–25
M.A. (Master of Arts) degree in, 608
mainstream, 329–330
meanings, 165–166
for music-making, 338
and music therapy, 453–475, 455f
observations, 335–337
online, 109–130
online digital strategies for, 562–566
organic, 23–26, 29–30
place in, 213–214
portraits of struggle, identity, and togetherness, 265–279
for positive and creative ageing, 89–108
post-conflict, 43–70
principles of practice, 702
in prisons, 153–171, 269–273, 271f, 272f
as profession, 336
and rational recreation, 551–553
reflective questions for, 338–339, 360, 470–471, 537–538, 553, 570–571, 612–613
research in, 573–594
as response to community needs, 27–29
snapshots, 1–2
in South Pacific, 71–88
strands of activity, 334
sustainability, 23–41, 184–185
theoretical frameworks for, 600–601, 606–607, 694–701
training in, 4
twenty-first century, 1–20
in UK, ix, 2, 323–342
undergraduate, 598–600, 612
values of, 165–166, 347–349, 352t
values-oriented perspective on, 357–359, 358f
with veteran and military communities, 555–572
for visually impaired, 484–486
WELL’s influence and, 112–113
Western models, 81–82
and youth, 195–212
Community Music, 326 (p. 742)
Community Music Activity Commission, 527
Community Music East, 327
community music facilitators, 8–10
community musicians, 353–356, 605
as boundary walkers, 361, 605, 610, 719, 725
characteristics of, 120–121
education of, 687–688
reflections on, 686–687
reflective questions for, 728–729
role of, 674–676, 686
situated approach for becoming, 711–733
skills and attributes, 713–716
in twenty-first century, 8–11
value orientations, 357–359, 358f
Community Music in the Nordic Countries (International Journal of Community Music), 5
Community Music: In Theory and in Practice (Higgins), 12, 14–15, 26
community music-making, 99
family music-making as, 83
framework for, 659, 670t672t
community music organizations, 191
community music schools, 17n6
community music therapy (CoMT), 449–450, 466–470, 469f, 605
Community Music Today (Veblen et al.), 12
community music workshops, 701
Community of Practice (CoP), 114
community organizations, 403–404
community-oriented work, 403–420
integrated model for, 412–413, 412f
non-integrative model of, 407, 407f
community performances, 255, 257, 259t
community research, 253–257, 258t, 581
community service learning, 556–557, 653–655
with First Peoples, 655–657
reflective questions for, 666
research methods, 657–659
Ways of Doing, 663–665
community theatre, 243–263, 555–556
community-work, 556–557
cases, 413–416
sustained campus-community collaborations, 641–642
comparative musicology, 525–526
competency, 699
composition
digital, 121
intercultural, 238–240
online, 121
conclusions, 290–291
conflict-affected settings, 43–70
Congo, Democratic Republic of, 46
Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA), 266–267
consequentialist ethics, 386–387
Conservatives, 328
Conservatoire de Paris, 28
conservatoires, 28
Constructivism, 728
consumerism, 461–462
contact places, 58
contemplation, 603
contemplative practice, 603
contemporary arts, 372, 560–561
contemporary youth, 202–203
contexts, 21–22, 23–41
key contexts, 24–25
post-conflict, 43–70
research questions, 289–290
contextual practice, 713–714
controls, 288
Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage (UNESCO), 32
Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (UNESCO), 32
Convent of the Sisters of Nazareth (Shefa-‘Amr), 274
convergent communities, 109–110, 113–116
convivencia, 646–647
Cook Island, 75
Cook, Nicholas, 526
CORE-OM (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure), 294, 297n5
Coronation Street, ix
corporate giving, 439–440
Costello, Elvis, 372
Cottrell, Stephen, 450
Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts, 324 (p. 743)
counter-culture era, 2
country (term), 667n4
Craigmillar Festival, 325, 336
Create (LSO), 478
Create Digital Music, 117
creative ageing, 89–108
creative analytical practices (CAP), 573–575, 584
Creative Commons, 138
creative engagement, 134–135
creative learning, 714
creative music workshops, 675
creative participation, 308
Creative Partnerships programme, 196–197
Creative People and Places programmes, 338
creativity, 217, 606, 610
big-c, 136
Five A framework, 137
historical (H-creativity), 136
intercultural, 229–242, 659–665
little-c, 136
mini-c, 136
personal, 136–137
professional (pro-c), 136
psychological (P-creativity), 136
suggestions for practice, 659, 670t672t
creativity-centered UbiMus design, 135
Creativity Support Index (CSI), 145
criticality, 386, 395
critical questioning approach, 394–399
critical reflection and dialogue, 716
critical scholarship and research, 7
critical thinking, 606
Croatia, 481
Croatian Defense Council (HVO), 51–52
Crosby, Bing, 579
crossfields, 457
crossing borders, 246–252. See also boundary walking
Cruzar la Cara de la Luna (Martinez), 435
CSI (Creativity Support Index), 145
CSI-NAP, 145
cultural activities, 84
aerial drop distributions, 436
community-oriented work, 408
Eurocentric, 434
funding for, 427–428. See also arts funding
cultural aid, 43
cultural appropriation, 368, 584
cultural assimilation, 427
cultural awareness, 659, 670t672t
cultural class, 47–48
cultural democracy, 8–9, 325, 335, 423–425, 438–439, 544
cultural diversity, 27
cultural equity, 421
cultural exchanges, 716
cultural groups, 84
cultural heritage, 526–527
cultural industry, 327
cultural mapping, 255, 535, 536f
cultural order, 346
cultural organizations, 442–443
cultural participation, 333, 675–676
Cultural Plan (City of Waterloo), 611
cultural policy, 343–363, 424
cultural policy officials, 353, 356–359, 358f
cultural regeneration, 47–48, 55–57
cultural tourism, 532
cultural uplift, 548
cultural value, 335
culture, 47
blind music, 478–479
building, 609–610
community, 424–425
community music as bearer of, 609
community music as broker of, 610–611
community music as builder of, 609–610
consumer, 462
definition of, 422
democratization of, 544
field concept of, 346
folk, 216
high or classical, 425
of inquiry and research, 605–606
mass, 462
participatory, 114, 134
people’s, 431
public, 421–447, 445n1
regional labeling, 47
urban, 55
vernacular, 216–217
youth, 200–202
culture wars, 432–433 (p. 744)
Cunningham, Stuart, 404
curricula, 648–649, 711–733. See also education
Curtis, Sandra Lynn, 311
Custodero, Lori, 394
cyber-ethnography, 115–116
data gathering, 79–80
Davis, Gary, 578
Daykin, Norma, 465
Deane, Kathryn, 174, 300, 454–455
Deci, Edward, 189
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNHCR), 32
deCosson, Alex, 583
de Grazia, Sebastian, 545–546
dēinotes, 387
delivery, 185–190
Delpit, Lisa, 86n3
De Mayo, Eva, 274–275
dementia, 92–93
group singing and, 505
music and, 681–685, 685f
democracy
education for, 657
Democracy and Assimilation (Draschler), 424
democratization, 544, 596–598
demographics, 90, 445
DePaul University, 17n6
depression, major, 558
De Quadros, Andre, 174–175
Derrida, Jacques, 390
Desert Harmony Festival, 664
desistance, 7, 155–156
detention centres, 154
development, 654
community cultural development (CCD), 311–313
international, 307
participation in, 305–307
participatory arts in, 307–308
development projects, 556
DeVito, Donald, 126n7
Dewey, John, 694
dhol, 497n9
diagnosis, 706
dialogic pedagogy, 725–726
dialogue
with artists and stakeholders, 254, 257, 258t
critical, 716
group work, 255, 257, 258t
intercultural, 235, 252–255, 257, 258t259t
musical, 394
in partnerships, 678–680
Diamond, Patrick, 575
Diaper State Forest, 143
diaries, fieldwork, 289
Differences in Demolition (Osborne), 376
The Difficult Return: Arts-Based Approaches to Mental Health Literacy and Building Resilience with Recently Returned Military Personnel and Their Families project, 558, 563–564
digital composition, 121
digital music-making, 584
digital strategies, 562–566
Digitice, 414–415
Dillon, Steve, 144
directing, 135
disability, 122–124, 479–480
promotion through, 486–487
students with, 416
disability arts, 477–502
disabled music, 478–479
disabled musical identity, 489
disadvantaged young people, 197, 334
disadvantages, 185–186
disaffected youth, 199
discipline, 454
discrimination, 426–427, 494
disenfranchisement, 122–124
Dissanayake, Ellen, 314, 609
distance learning, 127n8
diversity, 334, 654
cultural, 27
in public culture, 421–447
strategies for, 433–438
Dix, Otto, 557
DIY (do-it-yourself) strategies, 138
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. D.) degree, 598
Dodoma, 223
Do-Its, xi
Do-It-Yourself (DIY) strategies, xi, 138 (p. 745)
Doll, Bill, 580
domestic values, 348
compromises of, 349, 352t
critiques of, 349, 350t351t
‘Do Review Improve’ framework, 184
double loop learning, 699–700
Drake, Deborah, 153–154
Draschler, Julius, 424
drumming, 61, 63, 64f, 368
Druze, 278n18
Dubois, Rahcel Davis, 438
Dudley, Shannon, 594
Dukuduku Forests, 532
Dukuduku Tourism and Development Association (DTDA), 532
Dulles, Foster Rhea, 547
Duncombe, Stephen, 380
Dunn, Blind Willie, 579
Dunphy, Kim, 299–300
duoethnography, 581
Dust of Uruzgan (Smith), 564
duty ethics, 386–387
Dworkin, Robert, 416
Dykema, Peter, 345
Dykma, Peter, 525
Early Child Development (ECD), 531
early practice, 712–713
early years, 334
Earshot Jazz, 642
Earth Frequency Festival, 143
East Africa, 376
East Hill Singers, 368
East Mostar Music School, 52–55
ECD (Early Child Development), 531
ecological approach, 457–462
ecology, acoustic, 133
economics, 327, 355, 361n6. See also arts funding
ecosystems, 37–39, 38f
education, 593–594, 728. See also music education
aesthetic, 387–388
andragogy, 694–698, 706–707, 726, 728
arts-based research in, 573–594
blended learning, 127n8
case studies, 678–684
of community musicians, 687–688
community music in, 595–616
for democracy, 657
distance learning, 127n8
ethics and, 386–389
heutagogy, xi–xii, 698–703, 707, 725–726, 728
non-formal, 3
pillars of learning, 267
rational recreation and, 546–549
reflective questions for, 277, 728–729
situated approach to, 711–733
social pedagogy, 183–184
theoretical frameworks, 694–701
university commitment to collaborations, 633–651
educational policy, 728
Edward Said National Conservatory of Music (ENSCM), 275–276, 276f
eethos, 587
‘Effects of Choral Singing’ instruments, 507
Efroni, 274
Efroni Choir, 274–275
egoism, 398
Egypt, 477–478, 481
elective music education, 598
The Electrification of the Soviet Union (Osborne), 376
Electrocooperativa, 415
Element, 214–215
elitism, 422
Elliott, David, 12, 300, 598, 722
embodiment, 135
Emergency Exit, 218
EMI, 491
emotional soundscapes, 683
empathy, 409, 602, 681–684, 687
employment issues, 485–486
Empowering Song, 266, 269, 272–273, 277
empowerment, youth, 195–212
encores, 551
engaged ethnomusicology, 527–528
engagement
in the arts, 307–308
informal, 333
in learning activities, 698
personal, 214–215
reflections on, 686–687
scholarship of, 657
in singing, 517–518
Ways of Engaging, 665–666, 670t672t
Engineers of the Imagination (Coult & Kershaw), 218
England, 154, 196–197, 612. See also United Kingdom
English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, 97
Enlightenment, 387–388
Eno, Brian, 57
ENSCM (Edward Said National Conservatory of Music), 275–276, 276f
environment, physical, 697, 706
equity, 421, 423, 437–438
equity funds, 442
equivalency: ethos of, 404–405, 408, 414–415
Erikson, Jean, 92
Esmee Fairburn Foundation, 215
Esplanados, 506
Estonia, 481
ethical action, 396
ethical exchange, 369
ethical focus, 715–716
Ethical Guidelines (Social Research Association), 292–293, 297
ethical questions
‘how’ questions, 397–398
‘what’ questions, 395
‘when’ questions, 395–396
‘where’ questions, 398–399
‘who’ questions, 398
‘why’ questions, 396–397
ethical spectacles, 380
ethics, 291, 385–389, 399–400, 400n1
of care, 369, 392–393, 568
commitment to communal well-being, 366
of community music, 385–402
consequentialist, 386–387
critical questioning approach, 394–399
duty, 386–387
of improvisation, 393–394
normative, 386–387
virtue, 386–387
ethnic relations, 243–263, 432
ethnography, 115–116
ethnomethodology, 346
ethnomusicology, 525–541
applied, 450, 527–528, 528t, 537
engaged, 527–528
Visiting Artists in Ethnomusicology programme (UW), 634–637, 635f, 636f
ethos, 385–386, 587
ethos of equivalency, 404–405, 408, 414–415
eubolia, 387
eudaimonia, 388, 459
Eurocentric art, 434
Europe, 196–197, 424, 455. See also specific countries
European Blind Union, 480
evaluation, 134, 255–257, 259t, 281–283, 462–464
approaches, 287, 291–293
frameworks, 282–287
in larger programmes, 291–293
of learning, 698, 706
methods, 287–291
purpose of, 286
reflective questions, 296
self-evaluation, 284
Evaluation Builder (Youth Music), 285–286
Evropa (Osborne), 376
Ewe musicians, 35
Excellence in Music Education Centre (University of Lavel), 4
Expansion Arts programme (NEA), 432
Experience Music Project, 638, 645
exploration, 135
Eyes on Stalks (Fox), 218
fa’asamoa, 75
Facebook, 117, 120–122, 141, 377, 480, 562. See also specific pages
Facebook Band Director’s Group (FBDG), 122
facilitated interventions, 90, 367
facilitation, 3, 9, 601–602
facilitators, 253, 257, 259t
faikava, 84
fame, 348–349, 350t351t, 352t, 354, 361n1
family music-making, 83
fan community, 120
fandango, 639, 645, 648f (p. 747)
fandango del mes, 646
Farrell, Betty, 436
fascism, 390
FBDG (Facebook Band Director’s Group), 122
FCMM (fostering communities of music-making), 583
Federal University of Paraná (Brazil), 629, 631n3
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Ufrgs), 139–142
feedback, positive, 189
fekau’aki, 79
Ferreira, Edemilson, 149n5
fiafia, 84
Fieldband Foundation (FBF), 530–531, 536–537
field concept, 346
Field Museum, 426
fieldwork, 253–254, 289
Fiji, 481
Finland, 415–416
Firebird Trust, 327
first-order outcomes, 307–308
First Peoples. See also Aboriginal Australians; Indigenous peoples
community service learning with, 653–672
framework for beneficial learning partnerships and community music-making with, 659, 670t672t
Fischer, Ivan, 372
Five A framework, 137
flexible accountability, 415
Flights of Passage song cycle, 222–224
Floodgate, Simon, 314
Flores, Andres, 646
Flores, Quetzal, 645–646
focus groups, 80, 288–289
folk arts funding, 432. See also arts funding
Folk Arts programme (NEA), 432
folk culture, 216
folk music, 372, 587
Ford Foundation, 634–635
Ford, Henry, 427
former Yugoslavia, 48
fostering communities of music learners, 581–587
fostering communities of music-making (FCMM), 583
fostering community music, 583
Foucault, M., 391
Fouché, Sunelle, 469
foundations, 429–431, 440–441
fourth age, 91–92, 103–104
Fox, John, 213
Framework Analysis approach, 81
framing dispositions, 404, 407–409, 411, 414, 417
France, 154
Freedman, Lawrence, 178
Freedom from Torture NW, 236
freedom, musical, 158–159
Free Music Archive, 133
Freire, Paolo, 252–253, 308–309, 544, 723
Fresh Start, 622
friends and friendship, xi
Frierson-Campbell, Carol, 275–276
The Fuhrer Gives the Jews a City (1944), 159
fundamentalism, 390
Fund for Folk Culture, 429
funding. See arts funding
Furness Live, 219
future directions, 30–33, 124–125, 333–335
Future Doof, 143
gamelan, 26, 215–216
games, 584
Gangolli, Ramesh, 643f
gangsterism, 461
García Barrios, Eduardo, 266–267
Garcia de Leon, Antonio, 646
Gardner, Howard, 582
Garfias, Robert, 634, 635f
Gateshead, Sage, 594
Gaza, 273–274
Geertz, Clifford, 527
Gemeinschaft (natural community), 389, 399
genealogy, scholarly, 575
General Electric, 433
General Guitar Gadgets, 117
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), 294
generative reciprocity, 662–663
generosity, xi
geographical isolation, 122–124
geographic awareness, 403–404, 410–411, 417
geography, 398–399, 410–411
George Town Heboh—Streets Alive (Ombak-Ombak ARTStudio), 261n5 (p. 748)
George Town, Penang (Malaysia), 246, 250
Germany, 4, 49, 154
Gesellschaft (organized/systemized community), 389, 399
Gettin’ Higher Choir, 527
Ghana, 35, 368, 481
GHQ-12 (General Health Questionnaire), 294
Gibber, 133
gift economy, 111, 126n4
gift giving, 110
Gladly Solemn Sound, 223
Glăveanu, Vlad, 137
GLC, 336
global issues, xi, 1–2, 5, 74, 153–155
Glyndebourne Festival Opera, 376
gnomē, 387
goal setting, mutual, 189
Goffman, Erving, 160
Going Home, 450, 558, 561–566, 569
Goldbard, Arlene, 303, 424
Gonzalez, Martha, 645–646
Goodfeel, 498n18
Good Vibrations, 160, 162–164
Google Hangouts, 126n7
gospel choir, 533, 640–641
Gouzouasis, Peter, 450–451, 574–587
government agencies, 439
government work, 330–331
Grams, Diane, 436
Grantmakers in the Arts, 430, 440–441
Graterford Prison (Pennsylvania), 159
Graves, James Bau, 300
Greater London Council, 326
Greater St. Lucia Wetland Park, 539n9
The Green Book (UK), 281–282
Greenfield, Adam, 132
Green, Lucy, 450, 496n1
Gregory, Sean, 675
Griffith University, 507
Grissman, David, 578
Groningen, the Netherlands, 343–344, 355
Grossman, Stefan, 578
group building, 189
group dialogues, 255, 257, 258t
group improvisation, 703
group singing, 503–523. See also choral singing
health effects of, 504–506, 509–514, 510t512t, 513t, 514t, 517–519
research study, 506–519, 508t509t
Grupo Musicultura, 261n7
Guildhall Connect, 96
Guitar Hero, 584
Guitar Masters, 623
Guo Yue, 225–226
Gurney, Ivor, 557
Gutierrez, Ramon, 646
Haddad, Rahib, 274–275
Paul Hamlyn Foundation ArtWorks initiative, 716
Hanze University of Applied Sciences, 690n1
Happy Wanderers, 94–95, 367
Hase, Stewart, xi–xii
Hassler, Laura, 234–246
Haythornthwaite, Caroline, 134
Hazlewood, Charles, 483–484, 493–494
H-creativity (historical creativity), 136
healing, health, and well-being, 50–51, 60–62, 66, 334, 605
choral singing and, 517–519
contemporary arts and, 560–561
ecological perspective on, 458–459
group singing and, 504–505
health issues, 122–124
health musicking, 459
National Initiative for Arts and Health in the Military, 560–561
singing and, 503–504, 506
WHO Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL), 505–506
Heath, Shirley Brice, 196
Helfter, Susan, 594
heritage walks and talks, 255–257, 258t
Hernandez, Anahi, 646
Herrera, Alfredo ‘Godo,’ 646
heutagogy, xi–xii, 698–703, 707, 725–726, 728
heutology, 604
Higgins, Lee, 368, 454–455, 484, 602, 693
high culture, 425
higher education. See also specific universities and institutions
community music in, 595–616
graduate courses, 608 (p. 749)
graduate-level research projects, 608
negotiated curriculum, 603–604
principles of, 607–611
reflective questions for, 612–613
sustained campus-community collaborations, 641–642
university commitment to collaborations, 633–651
High Visibility, xi
Hillman, Jamie, 278n7
Hillside community music festival (Canada), 309–310
Hindustani music, 34
hip-hop, 372
Hip Hop Project, 376–378
Hirsch, Lily, 159
Hispanics, 422
historical creativity (H-creativity), 136
historical perspectives
1980s, 326–327, 336
1990s, 327–331, 336
2000s, 331–333
HIV/AIDS, 378, 528–529
holistic working methods, 337
homeless children, 376–377
honoring participant voices, 186–188
Hood, Mantle, 634
Horwitz, Andy, 435
hospitality, 552, 602
absolute, 390–391
conditional, 390–391
unconditional, 158–159
Hounslow (London, England), 338
House, Son, 578
Houston Grand Opera, 435–436
Howard, Keith, 526
Howarth, Boris, 222–223
Howe, Emily, 278n8
‘how’ questions, 397–398
HTML5, 141–142
Hull House (Chicago, Illinois), 547–548
Human Research Ethics Committee, Griffith University, 507
Hunt, Jeremy, 484
Hurley, Chad, 118
Hurst, Arthur, 559
Hurt, Mississippi John, 578
Hydrogen drum machine, 133
ICE (International Contemporary Ensemble), 413–415
ice-breakers, 253, 257, 258t
ICELAB project, 414–415
ICNHB (Iowa City New Horizons Band), 704–706
iCompositions, 117
iCulture, 422
identity, 682
blind, 487
community music portraits of, 265–279
disabled, 489
joint, 467
positive, 517–518
social, 75
identity politics, 432–433
IJCM (International Journal of Community Music), 5, 12, 454, 527
Ilari, Beatriz, 594
imagination, 217, 606
IMERC Music in Prisons, 167
Immediacy, xi
immigrants, 422
Impey, Angela, 450
imprisonment, 153–171
Improbable, 218
improvisation
applied, 682–683
ethics of, 393–394
group, 703
person-centered, 682–683
incarceration, 153–171
inclusion, reverse, 478
inclusivity, 334, 602
IndabaMusic.com, 112, 118, 126
Indigenous peoples, 268, 426–427, 655, 667n2. See also Aboriginal Australians; First Peoples
individual donors, 441–442
individualism, 459–461
Indonesia, 154, 244, 480–481
industrialization, 553n1 (p. 750)
industrial values, 349, 355
compromises of, 349, 352t
critiques of, 349, 350t351t
influence, 411
Informal Adult Education (Knowles), 702
informal engagement, 333
information technology, xi
informed autonomy, 413
ingoma ‘troupes,’ 532
Inner Vision Orchestra, 478, 482–485, 487–488, 490, 492–494, 497n12
inquiry: culture of, 605–606
inspirational values, 347–348, 350t351t, 354–355
Inspiring Impact, 285–286, 296
Institute of Education (University of London), 497n10
institutionalized community music, 24, 27–29
instruction, 603–604. See also education
instructional learning, 726
instrumentalism, 7, 335, 337–338, 361n3
instrumental music, 576, 639
interactive participation (IP), 114, 124–125
intercultural creativity, 229–242, 659–665
composition, 238–240
Ways of Being, 661–663
Ways of Knowing, 659–661
intercultural dialogue, 235, 252–255, 257, 258t259t
intercultural encounters, 246–252
interethnic peace-building, 243–263
intergenerational learning, 604
International Centre for Community Music (ICCM), 5
International Contemporary Ensemble (ICE), 413–415
international development, 4, 307
International Journal of Community Music (IJCM), 5, 12, 454, 527
International Society of Music Education (ISME), 5, 26, 179, 192n2, 281, 366, 400, 527, 538n2, 606, 703, 708n3
Internet. See online communities
interpretation, 290
intersections, 449–451
intervention(s), 2–3, 6, 15, 552. See also music interventions; specific projects
interventionist approaches, 190–191, 216, 361n2
interviews
with focus groups, 80
semi-structured, 288
suggestions for practice, 659, 670t672t
Iowa City New Horizons Band (ICNHB), 704–706
IP (interactive participation), 114, 124–125
Iran, 482
Iranian tar, 481
Ireland, Republic of, 481, 612
Irish music, 116
Irish Traditional (IrTrad) music online community, 117
isacathamia, 26
Isham, Jonathan, 602
Ishi, 426
isicathamiya or ingoma ‘troupes,’ 532–533
iSimangaliso Wetlands Park, 450, 531–532, 539nn9–10
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), 273, 278n16
ISME (International Society of Music Education), 5, 26, 179, 192n2, 281, 366, 400, 527, 538n2, 606, 703, 708n3
isolation, geographical, 122–124
Israel, 273–275, 376
Italy, 481
Jackson, Michael, 159
Jade, Srivani, 642
jam2jam, 142–144, 147–148
Recipes for jamming, 149n4
YouTube videos, 148n2
jam2jam XO, 143–144
James Irvine Foundation, 430
Japan, 5, 154, 477, 481, 526
JazzReach, 622
Jellicoe, Ann, 556
Jewish instrumental music, 639
Jewish Studies programme (UW), 639
Jews, 274–275
Jodelko, Rikki, 482, 489
Johnson, Lonnie, 579
Johnson, Robert, 578
joint partnerships, 628–630, 628f
joint programs or program office model, 626–628, 626f (p. 751)
Jolly, Aidan, 236
Jones, Gareth Stedman, 549–550
Jordan, 273–274, 376
Journal of Community Music, 576
journals, 289
Jubilee Arts, 325
The Jungle (Sinclair), 372
justice, 379, 604–605
Kami Penghuni Malaya (We are the Inhabitants of Malaya), 251–252
Kansas City Lyric Opera Chorus, 368
Kant, Immanuel, 387–388
kapa haka, 76
Kapp, Alexander, 694
Karim, Jawed, 118
kaupapa Māori, 78–79
‘Keep on Flowing’ workshops (Pekela, the Netherlands), 681
Kelaher, Margaret, 302–303
Kennedy, Mary Copeland, 527
Kenya, 481, 486–487
Kenyon, Christopher, 698
Kern, Kevin, 486
Kester, Grant, 329
KEXP radio, 638, 645
Khan, Sabri, 643f
Khan, Shahid Parvez, 642
Khosroujerdy, Fereshteh, 482
Khula Village (South Africa), 532
Kickstarter, 432
Kikuchi, Takashi, 482
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 380
King Real and the Hoodlums (1983), 219
kinship, 667n5
Kisah Pulau Pinang (The Penang Story), 246
‘Kitchen Caliente’ (Buck), 486
Kitwood, Tom, 682
klezmer music, 639
Kneehigh Theatre and Contact Theatre (Manchester), 218
Knowles, Malcolm, 695, 702
Kodaly approach, 265–266
Kollywood, 496n2
Koopman, Constantin, 368
Korean Traditional Music Orchestra of the Blind, 478
Kosovo, 376
Kotai Penang (Penang Song Stage), 244, 246–247, 249–251, 253–257, 261n4
Krims, Adam, 410
Kristal Audio Engine, 141
Kumar, Ganesh, 642
Kumar, Manoj, 643f
Kunitachi College of Music, 5
KwaZulu Natal, 531–536
Labour Party, 327, 331
Ladysmith Black Mambazo, 26
Lancaster and District Choral Society, 223
Lancaster Girls Grammar School, 223
Lancaster Singers, 223
Lang, Eddie, 579
language, 659, 670t672t
larger programmes, 291–293
The Last Summer (Pasternak), 376
later life, 89–93
Latinos, 422
Laurel Club, 566–568
Lave, Jean, 713
leaders and leadership, 314
arts administrators, 443–444
reengagement with, 411–412
skilled leaders, 314
learning, 707. See also education; music education
adult, 695–697
case studies, 678–684
community-led, 665–666
community service, 653–672
core principles of, 695–697, 705–706
creative, 714
democratization of, 596–598
double loop, 699–700
engagement in, 698
environment for, 697
evaluation of, 698, 706
framework for partnerships in, 659, 670t672t
instructional, 726
intercultural, 659–661
intergenerational, 604
lifelong, 604, 673–691
lifewide, 676, 695 (p. 752)
motivation for, 697, 705
open, 703
orientation to, 697, 705
participatory, 675
pillars of, 267
planning, 697
preparation for, 697, 706
readiness to learn, 696–697, 705
reflections on, 686–687
reflective questions for, 707
self-determined, 699, 703, 726
self-directed, 699
service learning, 654
shared, 10
situated, 677, 713
social, xi–xii, 703
student-centered approach to, 699
transformative, 676–677, 684–685, 685f, 686
transitional, 676–677, 683
Ways of Learning, 665–666, 670t672t
learning activities, 706
learning plans, 698, 706
Learning: The Treasure Within (UNESCO), 267
Learn To Play workshops, 143
Lebanon, 482
Lee, Don, 277n1
Lee, Karen, 581, 587
Lee, Patricia, 450
Leeson, Bill, 375
Legacy Australia, 450, 558, 566, 568, 571n3
Leggo, Carl, 575, 579–580
Lennox, Annie, 482
Levine, Stephen, 311
Le, Vu, 435, 437
Lievrouw, Leah, 124–125
lifelong learning, 604, 676–677
case studies, 678–684
reflections on, 686–687
reflective questions for, 689
Lifelong Learning in Music (Hanze University of Applied Sciences), 690n1
lifewide learning, 676, 695
Limba, 477
Lindeman, Eduard, 695
Lind, Jenny, 551, 553n3
Lines, David, 300
listening, 557, 567, 660
literary Braille, 498n18
literature reviews, 287, 574–577
Little Kids Rock, 367
Little Richard, 436
Liverpool Lantern Company, 218
Llewellyn, Tristram, 482
LMMS, 133
local communities
collaboration with, 633–651
suggestions for practice, 659, 670t672t
Lomax, Alan, 421
London Sinfonietta, 326
London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), 478
Long Distance Call, 343–344, 349, 353
Long, Geoff, 490–491
Long Walk Chinese Orchestra, 226
The Long Walk project, 224–226
Lonie, Douglas, 175
love, 393
love-in-action, 393
lovingkindness, 603
Loy Kratong, 251
LSO (London Symphony Orchestra), 478
lyceums, 547–548
Lyslof, René, 526
MacJams, 117
Madness, 482
magic, 11
Mahcell, Lydia, 498n18
M.A. (Master of Arts) in community music degree, 608
mainstream music, 329–330
Makhampom Theatre Group, 244, 261n2
Making Connections, 327–328
Malaysia, 4, 243–263, 262n9, 480–481, 612
National Culture Policy, 261n3
Rent Control Act, 246
Mantie, Roger, 450
Māori, 6, 75–79, 82–83, 396
mapping, 182
cultural, 255, 535, 536f
marginalization, 274–275
(p. 753) of visually impaired, 484–486
of youth, 197, 199
Mariachi opera, 435–436
Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán, 435
Mari Kua Kotai, 248, 250
market values, 348, 355, 361n6
compromises of, 349, 352t
critiques of, 349, 350t351t
Martinez, José ‘Pepe,’ 435
Martin, Karen Booran Mirraboopa, 659
mass culture, 462
Massive Attack, 482
mass leisure, 549–551
Master of Arts (M.A.) degree, 598, 608
Masterpieces (later the Representative List) of Intangible Cultural Heritage, 32
Masters in Community Music degree, 4
Mates 4 Mates, 564
matrix model, 468–469, 469f
McAllester, David, 634
McDowell, Fred, 578
McKinnon, Lincoln, 664
McRobbie, Angela, 405
meaningful music-making, 137
meaningful service, 654
media
New Media, 111
social media, 109–130, 462
medical music therapy, 460
Mennonite Church, 608
mental diasporas, 133
mental health issues, 92–93, 558
mentoring, 716
Mentoring programme (Youth Music), 187
MENVI (Music Education Network for the Visually Impaired), 480
Mercer, Andrew, 123–125
mergers. See collaboration
Merli, Paola, 329
Messenger, Stephen J., 526
method (term), 284
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 426
Mexico, 266–269
Mezzrow, Mezz, 579
Mikseri.net, 117–118, 126
military communities, 555–572
military personnel, 557–558
National Initiative for Arts and Health in the Military, 560–561
returning, 558–560, 562
Military Wives project, 558
mindfulness, 603, 722, 727
Mission Australia, 566
Mitchell, Adrian, 221
Mitrovica Rock School, 46, 67
mixDroid 2G, 144–145
Mixxx DJ, 133
Monday Night Live!, 704
monitoring, 284
Morecambe Bay, 222
Morecambe Road School, 223
Morecambe Streets, 220–222
Morelos González, Natalia, 267
More Music, 218, 225–226
Moser, Peter, 174, 213
Moss, Ian David, 444
Mostar Blues Festival, 57
Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina, 43, 51–60, 236
Mostar Rock School, 53, 59–60, 63, 67
Mostar Sinfonietta, 376
motivation
for collaboration, 619–620
for learning, 697, 705
Mount Zion Baptist Church of Seattle, 638
Mpofu Namba 1, 486–487
The Mudcat Café, 112, 126
Mugambi, Paul ‘Mpofu Namba 1,’ 486–487, 493–494
Muldaur, Maria, 578
Mullen, Phil, 174
multiculturalism, 245–246, 432
multiplier effects, 327
Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, 4
Murn, Alan, 660
Murphy, Lis, 230, 236–238
muscular Christianity, 547
MuseScore, 498n18
music, 455. See also community music
access to, 137–138
aesthetic dimensions of, 722
as agent of spatiality, 410
amateur, 324
as art, 353–354
for belonging, 680–681 (p. 754)
Braille Music, 498n18
community-based, 555–556. See also community music
as cultural heritage, 526–527
and dementia, 684–685, 685f
disabled, 478–479
ecological perspective on, 457–458
ecosystems, 37–39, 38f
for empathy, 681–684
geography of practice, 410
as gift, 552
good, 550–552
instrumental, 576
in later life, 89–90, 92–93
learning, 596–598
mainstream, 329–330
participation in, 65, 134–135, 277, 457–458
participatory, 97–98, 100
for peace-building, 255, 257, 258t
potential for, 92–93
power of, 89–90, 309, 678
praxial dimensions of, 722
prison programmes, 156
reflection on, 687
role of, 459
school, 548–549
social dimensions of, 722
socialized, 525
teaching, 596–598
technology support for, 131–151
ubiquitous, 131–139
Music Action International, 174, 230, 236–238
Música en Armonía, 266–269, 268f
musical dialogues, 394
musical flourishing, 459
Musical Futures, 331, 718, 726
musical identity, 489
Musical Inclusion programme, 184
musicality, 711
Music Alive! in the Yakima Valley (MAYV), 642–645
Musicalização Infantil, 629, 631n3
Musical Manifesto, 331
Musical Pathways, 293–295
musical social networks, 93–95
benefits of, 99, 99f
highly valued, 100, 101f
limitations of, 102–104
participation in, 98–99, 99f
musical theatre, 254
community musical theatre, 243–263, 258t259t
for peace-building, 255, 257–260, 258t259t
Music and Community course (UW School of Music), 648–649
music-as-aid projects, 43–44
Music behind Bars (VH1), 159
music colleges, 688–689
music communities, 583
communities of practice (CoPs), 116–118, 120–121
fostering, 581–587
local, 633–651
online, 109–130
music education, 28, 334, 386–389, 718. See also training
aesthetic, 387–388
for community musicians, 687–688
in conflict-affected settings, 46–47
curricula, 719–727
democratization of, 596–598
elective, 598
ethical, 386–389, 400n1
formal, 334
hubs for, 178, 331
initiatives, 331
pedagogy, xi–xii, 27, 397–398, 693–694, 715, 719–728
praxial, 387–388, 716
reflective questions for, 277, 612–613
research in, 117–122, 577–581
undergraduate, 598
Music Education Council, 339
Music Education Network for the Visually Impaired (MENVI), 480
music facilitators, 9
music fan community, 120
Music for Life (New Dynamics of Ageing), 89–90, 95–99, 101–103 (p. 755)
Music for Life (South Africa), 469–470, 531
Music for Life (Wigmore Hall), 673–674, 681–684, 689
Music for Sensory Integration Therapy (MuSIT), 239
music halls, 550–551
musicians, 94, 479–480. See also specific individuals
community musicians, 605, 674–676, 713–716
development of, 714–715
forces that influence sustainability of music, 32–33
as researchers, 577–587
role of, 674–676
skills and attributes, 713–716
as teachers, 720
T-shaped, 726–727
in twenty-first century, 8–11
visually impaired, 477–502
musicianship, 598, 601–602
Musicians without Borders, 47, 67, 174, 230, 234–246
musician tutors, 724–725
music interventions, 323. See also specific projects
active, 389–390
community music as, 24, 26–27, 30, 389–390
in conflict-affected settings, 43–70
facilitated, 90, 367
intentions of, 22, 45–46, 46f
participatory, 281–300
types of, 63
musicking, 458, 604–605, 608
in community, 119–120
health, 459
music learning. See music education
music-making, 577–581
amateur, 528
communal, 389–390
community music for, 338
community-supported, 89–108, 102f
meaningful, 137
personal, 551
in prisons, 153–171
as shared, 552
spontaneous, 393
Music Manifesto, 718
music medicine, 460
Music of Sound, 254, 257, 258t
musicology
comparative, 525–526
ethnomusicology, 525–541
Music Outreach Program (Thornton School of Music), 622
music profession, 674–676
music services, 178
music therapy, 59–62, 375, 453–475, 455f
benefits of, 460, 463–464
clinical approach to, 460
community music therapy (CoMT), 449–450, 466–470, 469f, 605
concerns and considerations, 466
consumer evaluation of, 462
development of, 455, 455f
ecological approach to, 461
evaluation of, 462–464
matrix model, 468–469, 469f
medical, 460
neurologic, 460
professional, 464–465
reflective questions for, 470–471
music therapy assistants, 60
MusicWorks, 469,