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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Academic debate has long surrounded the term 'community,' first defined as a sociological construct in the late nineteenth century. In the 1990s, widespread Internet use disrupted earlier ideas of what defines and bounds community, but there is now general scholarly consensus that online affinity groups can also function as communities, including those focused on any number of different music genres. In this chapter, I posit that online music communities can function as significant spaces of community music activity. This discussion includes contextualizing the online community by drawing on New Media literature on the evolution of online groups, theories, research, and frameworks of online community; illustrations of practice from current online and convergent music communities; the role of social media in online music communities; online music community as community music outreach; and implications for current and future implications for practice.

Keywords: online communities, convergent communities, social media, YouTube, Facebook, cyber-ethnography

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