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date: 24 January 2021

(p. 853) Index

(p. 853) Index

Abancay, 214, 218–219, 234, 239, 764, 767
acllacona, 86, 105, 198, 218, 223, 263–276, 290–292, 315, 627, 658
Acosta, José de, 16–17, 484, 609, 657
agriculture (agricultural production), 20, 38, 40, 42, 45, 55, 57, 60, 65–66, 71, 74, 85, 104–108, 111, 115, 119, 131, 138, 141–142, 148, 153, 163, 187, 198, 207, 210, 215–218, 222, 224, 227–241, 248–251, 255–256, 259, 263, 286, 305, 310, 327, 335–337, 344–345, 357, 361, 377, 382, 386–387, 421, 425, 435–436, 439–440, 448, 455 (stone carving), 457, 475, 491, 504, 527, 546, 623, 705, 711–713, 728, 742, 744, 797 (recovery of Inca artifacts). See also agropastoralism; farming
agropastoralism, 115, 247, 250, 258, 475, 711
ahuasca, 378, 657
ají, 217, 306, 439, 449, 625
Ak’awillay, 64–65
Albornoz, Cristóbal de, 17, 82, 400, 483–485, 487–488, 501
algarrobo, 347, 363, 365
alpaca. See camelids
amautas, 696
Andahuaylas, 190, 509–510, 512
Antisuyu, 85, 210–212, 484–489, 492, 500, 514
apacheta, 349, 400, 512
apu, 174, 206, 210
ancestors, 335, 764 (ayllu)
lord, 210, 549 (Suyoyoc Apu, governors general)
mountain being/peak, 174, 206, 814, 822
Apurimac River, 64, 506, 525, 741, 743, 754, 759
Arawak, 414, 428
aríbalo, 284, 551, 567, 791, 800
Arriaga, Jesus, 167
Arriaga, Pablo José de, 17, 267, 483, 675
atiy, 57
Ávila, Francisco de, 17, 528
ayllu, 46, 85, 88, 103, 108, 209, 215, 266, 420, 487–488, 506, 515, 552, 559, 606, 649, 656, 705, 712, 759–766, 768, 770, 773
Ayllu Checoc, 110 (see also Cheqoq)
Ayllu Sañu, 110
Capac Ayllu, 85, 150
Hatun Ayllu, 149–150
Aymara, 18, 258, 417, 497, 550, 591, 651, 653, 712, 765, 768, 769, 773, 849
dictionary, 18, 662, 672
Bertonio, Ludovico, 18, 662. See also Aymara: dictionary
Betanzos, Juan Diez de, 12, 16, 58–59, 74, 78, 80, 85, 150, 544, 550, 632, 647, 672, 694, 809
bioarchaeology, 2, 109, 198, 263–265, 268, 275–276, 435, 721–733
isotope studies, 46–47, 109, 251, 263–265, 268–276, 457, 474, 568, 723, 729, 732–733
Cabello Balboa (Valboa), Miguel, 16, 63, 92, 167, 179, 439
Cajamarca, 5, 10, 23 (visitas), 73, 223, 256, 293, 439–440, 509, 669, 759, 778
Calchaquí Valley, 223, 233, 333, 340–341, 343–345, 378, 388, 472
camay, 313, 658
camayoc, 57, 62, 125, 142, 213, 294, 326, 485, 672
camelids, 82, 84, 110–112, 119, 214 (sacrifice), 215, 217, 254, 286, 288, 306, 310, 328, 341, 362–363, 377, 380, 457, 459, 461, 491, 503, 545, 547, 552, 566, 605–606, 652, 654–656, 659, 661, 663
alpaca, 123, 214, 306, 310, 328, 605, 611, 746
guanaco, 217, 457
vicuña, 123, 217
cancha (architectural layout), 71, 78, 81–82, 84, 86, 88, 167, 337–338, 342–343, 345, 349, 401, 415, 441–445, 447, 625–626
capacocha lines, 501
Caranqui, 3, 159–166, 170–175, 403, 474
Inca-Caranqui, 159–160, 163–166, 170–175, 200, 405
Catequil, 521, 523–524, 526–529, 543
Cerro Baúl, 42
Chachapoya, 4, 218–220, 234, 269, 414, 419, 429, 435–449, 473, 475, 763, 848
Chan Chan, 37–40, 47, 233, 255–256, 291
Chancas (ethnic group), 59, 110, 149, 510, 743, 850
Chancay, 179, 189, 252, 254, 287, 793
charqui (llama meat), 310
chasqui, 223, 311, 448, 627
Cheqoq, 101, 103, 108–115, 198, 311
chicha (aqha), 42, 46, 78, 131, 152, 232, 266–267, 305, 308, 311–313, 315, 347, 365, 505, 672, 675, 679, 685. See also maize
Chicha (region, ethnicity), 121, 123, 220, 418–419, 472, 707 (Chicha-Soras Valley)
Chimu-Inca, 527
See also Chan Chan
Chinchero, 105, 113, 626, 628, 631, 637, 766–767
(p. 855) Chiriguano, 123, 138, 143, 414–417, 419, 425, 427–428
Cordillera de Chiriguano, 423, 427–428
Choquequirao, 238, 456, 743
Chucuito, 223
chullpa, 86, 229, 358, 473, 705. See also mortuary practices
Chupachos, 220, 440. See also Huánuco
Cieza de León, Pedro, 12–15, 25, 58–59, 63, 71, 127, 145–146, 159, 171, 174, 212, 263, 397, 405, 438–439, 444, 510, 544, 549, 612, 694, 792
Cochabamba mountain in Chachapoyas region, 439–442
Colca Valley, 233, 708–714, 732
Collasuyu, 3, 85, 122–123, 200, 210–212, 221, 414, 417–418, 454, 456, 458, 472, 475, 484–489, 492, 500, 502, 504–505, 512, 514, 552, 576 (Collasuyo, 361)
Condesuyu, 85, 200, 210–212, 361, 484–489, 500, 514
conopa, 78, 81
Coyoctor, 399, 401
cumbi, 122, 213, 290, 656–659, 662, 664
Cumbicamayocs, 290, 292, 657–659
See also textiles
curaca, 24, 213, 247, 252, 310, 313, 315, 326, 328, 379, 439, 449, 508, 563, 608–609, 670, 673, 675, 705, 762, 765, 768, 771
curacazgo, 247, 254, 436, 439, 443, 508, 562. See also señorío
Cuzco, 3–5, 12–17, 22, 41–42, 55–66, 71–88, 92, 94–96, 101–110, 113–115, 123, 127, 131, 137, 141, 143–153, 159, 165–168, 170, 185, 189–190, 199–200, 205–207, 209–210, 213–214, 216, 218, 220–224, 227, 231, 234–235, 237, 247, 264, 266, 268, 270, 273, 275, 291, 296, 309–311, 315–316, 323–328, 355, 358, 362, 365, 369 (contingent), 377–379, 397, 401, 414, 419, 439–440, 443, 449 (calendar), 455, 458, 473, 475 (labor), 481–494, 497–510, 511–515, 520–522, 525–528, 542, 544, 549–550, 552, 560–563, 568, 575–578, 586–593, 603, 623, 625–626, 628–637, 639, 641, 649, 653, 660 (Corpus Christi), 662–664, 669, 672–673, 678, 695–696, 703, 712, 731, 741, 743–750, 752, 754–755, 759–763, 766, 768–773, 779–782, 845–850
architecture (Cuzco style) and urban planning, 184, 190, 365, 442–443, 445–447, 512, 625–626, 628–641
ceramic (Cuzco Inca), 111, 113, 360–361, 363, 367, 473
hanan and hurin (Upper and Lower), 14, 85–86, 88, 144, 209–210, 349 (Nevados de Aconquija), 403 (as imperial strategy), 484, 487–488, 626, 712 (Colca Valley), 761–763, 768, 773
(p. 856)
history of research, antiquities (heritage and tourism) and contemporary Cuzco (19th-21st centuries), 589–593, 788–791, 797, 807–818, 820, 822–825, 829–842, 845–850
meanings of Cuzco, 73–75
decimal administration, 212–213, 326, 528, 552, 606. See also quipu
Diaguita, 363, 369, 454, 457–465, 472, 476
encomienda, 23, 361, 712
encomendero, 761–762, 770, 780–781
Falcón, Francisco, 216–217
fishing, 39, 247–260, 315, 328, 425, 728. See also marine economies
Garcilaso de la Vega (El Inca), 22, 25, 60–61, 63, 74, 122, 150–151, 214, 263, 286, 288, 436, 438, 498, 523, 525, 601–602, 607–608, 631, 696, 760, 763–764, 766, 760, 792, 809, 814
Golden enclosure. See Coricancha
González Holguín, Diego, 18, 74, 560, 662, 671. See also Quechua (dictionary)
Guaman Poma de Ayala, Felipe, 15–16, 19–21, 23, 60–63, 71, 74, 81, 122, 145, 216, 221, 267, 275, 285, 288, 303, 311, 593–595, 608–611, 631–632, 762, 766
drawings, 209, 267, 289, 304, 312, 604, 610
Guaraní, 414–417, 422–423, 425–429, 474–475
Guaraní-Chiriguano, 416–417, 419, 423, 425, 427
Tupiguaraní, 418, 425–427
Hatuncolla (Hatunqolla), 145, 148, 166, 199, 223, 712
Hatun Xauxa, 187–188, 210, 223–224, 512
hegemony, 33, 44, 151, 174, 191, 275, 363, 413–414, 422, 458, 525, 552, 701, 710, 759, 765–766, 793
herding (pastoralism), 46, 64, 85, 111, 114, 121, 198, 214–215, 229, 241, 247, 250, 258, 286, 296, 315, 328, 358, 458, 461, 463, 713. See also agropastoralism; camelids
Huaca Cao Viejo, 731
Huacas de Moche, Huaca de la Luna, Huaca del Sol, 33–37
Huaca Larga, 271–274
Huamachuco, 526–529. See also Catequil
Huánuco Pampa (Inca administrative center), 84, 129–130, 145, 148, 150, 166, 221, 223–224, 268, 291, 293, 314, 359, 365, 441, 625, 627, 635, 639
Huánuco region, 220, 438–440
documentary record (census, administrative documents), 290, 293–294 (see also Chupachos)
Huarochirí, 512, 521, 525–526, 528–535, 579
Huarochirí Manuscript, 17–18, 23, 528–535, 579
(p. 857) Huascar, 127, 149–150, 199, 207–208, 220, 325, 395, 439–440, 443, 761, 764–765, 770, 779, 848
“houses of Huascar,” 76, 80–81, 86, 631 (palace of)
The Tragedy of Huascar, 808
Ilyas ibn Hanna al-Mausuli (Elias al-Mûsli), 14
Inca administrative centers. See Cajamarca; Hatunqolla; Huánuco Pampa; Tomebamba; Ingapirca; Pumpú
Inca Yupanqui, 545, 560
Ingapirca, 159, 166, 395, 398–401, 497, 512–513, 515
Inca Llacta (Chachapoya region), 445–446
Inti (Inca sun god), 182, 207, 375, 525, 560, 576
intihuatana (ritual stone), 447
Island of the Moon, 268, 544–548, 634, 636–637
Kuelap, 436. See Chachapoyas
Laguna de los Cóndores, 444, 606
Lambayeque, 34–37, 39–40, 255, 276, 671, 706, 724–726, 728, 768. See also Chimú'; Sicán
Las Casas, Bartolomé de, 15, 59
Late Intermediate Period (LIP), 63–65, 76, 82, 94–95, 110, 120, 129, 179–180, 183, 185, 187, 189, 191, 229–230, 252, 256, 336–337, 340–341, 363, 365, 384, 436, 438, 455, 457, 527, 545, 547–548, 625, 725. See also Killke
Llacsatambo, 529, 531–534, 579
llacta, 520, 525, 529, 531, 534
llamacamayocs, 123, 286
llamas. See camelids
lliclla, 647, 656, 659, 662–664
Llullaillaco volcano, 80, 356 (map), 559, 563–568, 654 (figure). See also capacocha
Lurín Valley (and River), 180, 185–188, 254, 512, 523, 525, 530, 532 (archaeology project), 817
(p. 858) mallqui, 519, 559, 602 (Centro Mallqui), 705See also huaca
Mama Ocllo, 84, 161, 207, 397, 449, 504, 647
Mamacocha, 260
Manco Capac, 58, 60, 75, 143, 207–208, 504, 647, 760, 770, 814 (in 20th century Cuzco)
descendants (ayllu) during Spanish colonialism, 763–768
Manco Inca, 18, 549, 684, 744–749, 755, 760–761, 779, 808. See also Titu Cusi Yupanqui
Mantaro Valley, 129, 214, 224, 233–234, 241, 388
marine economies, 163, 183, 230, 248–252, 255–256, 259, 274, 328, 358, 363, 577
guano, 361, 368, 791
See also diet; fishing
Matienzo, Juan de, 15, 484, 486–487, 781
Mena, Cristóbal de, 10, 71, 73
metal (artifacts and objects), 2, 4, 34, 36–37, 101, 122–123, 128, 213, 224, 259, 270, 287, 292, 339, 361, 368, 375–390, 405–406, 417, 428–429, 461–464, 565, 577, 588, 635, 653 (tupu), 659, 671–672, 675, 692–694, 788, 795, 798, 841, 847
metal production (metallurgy), 37, 82, 85–86, 108, 127, 130–131, 187, 218, 259, 270, 284, 361, 375–390, 428, 474, 481, 587, 590, 692
Middle Horizon, 93, 120, 436, 504, 527, 533, 545, 548, 550, 601, 619
mining, 108 (salt), 216, 218, 361, 363, 375–389, 458, 475, 568, 601, 838
See also copper; gold; silver; tumi; tupu
Middle Horizon, 93, 120, 436, 504, 527, 533, 545, 548, 550, 601, 619
Moche, 32–37, 47, 273, 793
Moche Valley, 31–32, 38–40, 233, 255–256
Molina, Cristóbal de, 16, 484–485, 502, 504, 506, 508, 561
Moquegua, 42, 46–47
Moray, 238
Morris, Craig, 283–284, 313, 614, 625
mortuary practices (and contexts), 86, 269–270, 276, 285, 388, 566, 705–707, 723–724, 726, 729–731, 798. See also capacocha; chullpa; mallqui; ritual
Muchik, 18, 707, 728
mullu, 358, 527, 561. See also Spondylus prínceps
Murra, John, 215, 323, 792
Murúa, Martín de, 19–20, 63, 71, 74, 81, 216–217, 288, 293, 311, 484, 595, 648 (drawing), 672–674, 749, 754–755, 809
drawing, 20, 648
Nevado de Aconquija, 347–349, 474
Ñustas (Inca noble women), 664
Ocaña, de Diego, 19, 22
Ollantaytambo, 108, 228, 230, 234–238, 240–241, 593, 624, 626, 630, 632, 636, 641, 743–744, 746, 766
Ondegardo, Polo, 14–17, 60, 80, 122, 138, 212, 214, 266, 481, 484, 487, 500–501, 576
orejones, 145, 428, 750
Oroncota Valley, 200, 415, 419–423, 473
Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo Fernández de, 14
pacarina, 75, 335, 512, 519, 522, 526, 529, 544, 552–553, 560, 579, 849
Pacarictambo, 12, 75, 92, 106, 207, 505, 544, 647, 766
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, 5, 59–60, 74, 76, 78, 80, 82, 92, 103, 108, 121–123, 143–144, 149–150, 179–180, 198, 207–209, 224, 218, 269 (Inca Pachacuti), 355, 378, 397, 402, 418–419, 438, 498–499, 506, 510, 625–626, 633, 678, 743–746, 749, 763–764 (descendants), 766 (descendants), 814 (in contemporary history), 846
pachamama, 206, 655, 822
panaca (royal kin groups), 3, 59–60, 85, 88, 103, 149, 160, 166, 180, 197, 199–201, 208–209, 325, 377, 397, 487–488, 506, 545, 547, 575, 578, 674, 678, 760, 845, 848
during Spanish colonial era, 765
Hatun panaca, 498
Pariacaca, 512, 523–525, 528–529, 532, 579
petroglyphs, 337–338, 343 (quipu), 362, 447, 455–456, 459, 461, 464, 547. See also rock art
Pikillacta, 41–43, 264
Pisac, 234, 236, 633, 766–767
Pisaq, 104, 107–108
Pizarro, Francisco, 5, 9–10, 12, 15, 23, 623, 745–746, 768, 778–779, 831
Pizarro expedition, 325, 628, 746–747 (faction against Almagro), 765, 779
Pizarro, Gonzalo, 747–749
Pizarro, Hernando, 10, 14, 183, 185
Pizarro, Pedro, 71, 81, 311, 316, 631–632, 635, 748
Poopó Basin, 119, 121, 123, 258
potato, 142, 217, 237, 287, 306, 308–309, 359, 730. See also tuber
Pre-Inca Andean states and societies. See Chimu; Moche; Tiwanaku; Wari
Prescott, William, 92–93, 792, 833
pucara (fortified settlement), 121, 159, 162 (note), 345, 401, 403–404, 408, 458, 528, 545, 547
Pumapunku, 544, 549–551, 578
Quebrada de Humahuaca, 333, 336–337, 340, 344–345, 472–473
Quechua (language), 2, 56–57, 110, 137, 258, 286, 436, 497, 502, 506, 520, 591, 594, 611, 614, 653, 658, 662, 671, 676, 770 (colonial dramas), 807, 808 (colonial plays), 809, 811–814
dictionary, 18, 74, 560, 662, 671, 676
in documentary record, 18–19, 22, 56–57, 294, 303, 483, 497, 528, 589, 591, 662, 671–672, 684, 770 (colonial drama), 808 (colonial play), 834
quero, 87, 567, 595, 662, 671–685, 790
quinoa, 113, 229, 231, 233, 237, 306–309, 457
quipu (knotted cord records), 9, 12, 62, 189, 223, 328, 363, 444, 486, 561, 591, 601–611, 615–620, 678–679, 694, 696–697, 788, 799, 814
petroglyph, 343
quipucamayoc (quipu specialists), 12, 62, 126, 210, 294, 328, 484, 486, 508, 603–604, 606, 609–611, 620
Ramos Gavilán, Alonso, 16–17, 504
Raqchi, 150–151, 628, 641
Temple of Viracocha, 150–151, 632, 637, 639
Relaciones Geográficas de Indias, 24
Repartimiento, 121, 123–124, 126, 768
road system. See capac ñan
rock art, 345, 453–457, 459–465, 472, 498, 506
Rostworowski, María de Diez Canseco, 150
Rowe, John, 92–94, 96, 108, 115, 123, 144, 179–180, 290, 485, 490, 589–591, 594, 676, 721, 793
royal estates, 3, 66, 101–115, 197–201, 210, 220, 234, 269–270, 293, 296, 311, 326, 377, 515, 590, 626, 628, 631, 636, 639, 641, 744
Ruiz, Bartolomé, 9
runacona, 206
Sacred Valley, 3, 81, 206, 210, 220, 235–236, 264, 552, 639, 823
Sacsayhuaman (Saqsaywaman), 80–81, 87, 141, 144, 146, 268, 273, 499, 632, 807–809, 811–813
during Spanish colonialism, 623, 746, 831–832
in the present, 807–809, 811–817, 834, 839, 846
Samaipata, 122, 415, 425, 427–428, 514–515, 850
Santa Cruz Pachacuti Yamqui Salcamaygua, Joan de, 19, 22–23, 439, 510, 647
Santo Tomás, Domingo de, 18, 671, 676, 704
Sapa Inca, 56, 82, 161, 171, 205, 207, 526, 560–561, 669, 672–673
Sarmiento de Gamboa, Pedro, 15–16, 31, 59, 63, 74, 85, 121, 138, 142, 149, 415, 678, 695
señorío, 121, 185, 247–249, 251, 254–255, 257, 259
Sicán, 34, 37, 40, 179
Sipán, 35–36 (royal tombs), 273. See also Moche
Spanish colonial reducción, 24, 110, 707–714, 723–724, 728–730, 732, 762. See also Francisco de Toledo
spindle whorls, 85, 128, 168, 286–287, 290–291. See ceramics; textiles; weaving
Spondylus (shells), 9, 78, 80, 186, 190, 406, 527, 565, 567, 654
storehouse, 12, 105, 111–114, 124, 127, 129–131, 144, 165, 205, 211, 216–217, 224, 233, 323, 359, 365, 398, 400, 404, 442, 532–533, 545, 589, 604, 613 (Qollqawasi), 614, 627, 630, 635. See also collca
Tambo Colorado, 191–192, 223, 497, 509, 634, 636–641
taqui, 559, 562, 694
Taqui Oncoy movement, 483, 704, 780, 782
Tarapacá Viejo, 357, 361–364, 368, 384–389
textiles (and production), 9, 34–36, 85–86, 101, 123, 127–128, 131, 186, 189, 199, 216, 220, 238, 255, 259, 266, 272–273, 275, 283–292, 296, 327, 363, 365, 368, 405, 417, 436, 438, 444, 456, 475, 529, 551, 559, 563, 587, 589–590, 593, 605, 645, 647, 656–659, 685, 691, 693–694, 792, 795, 799. See also cumbi
tinkuy, 335, 345, 349
Titu Cusi Yupanqui, 18, 669, 677, 744, 748–752, 754, 761
tocricoc, 210, 233
Toledo, Francisco de (Spanish colonial Viceroy), 5, 15–16, 23–24, 59, 439–440, 484, 658, 660, 677, 693, 695, 702, 708, 710–711, 713–714, 724, 754, 761, 771, 779–781, 848 (reforms). See also Spanish colonial reducción
Tomebamba, 104, 145–146, 148–152, 159–164, 166–171, 174–175, 198–200, 223, 395, 397–398, 400–401, 403, 407, 509, 512, 515 (Tomebamba/Ingapirca), 577, 764–765 (ayllu)
tuber, 113, 215, 229, 231, 233, 305–306, 308, 327, 441, 443, 730. See also agriculture; potato
Tullumayu, 76, 78, 144 (Tullumayo), 149, 166
tumi, 166, 339, 461, 463
Tupa Amaru, 749, 752, 754–755, 761, 772, 779–780, 814
Tupa Amaru II (José Gabriel Condorcanqui), 25, 660, 766, 771–772, 812, 847
Tupa Amaru rebellion, 660, 759, 794
Tupa Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA), 838
Tupu, 78, 80, 87, 168, 406, 422, 551, 653–654, 656
Tutayquiri, 529, 532, 579
Uhle, Max, 93, 167–168, 183, 395, 397, 401, 407, 625, 640, 788, 793, 834
Urubamba Valley, 104–105, 110, 220, 632, 636–637, 741 (river), 743, 754 (river), 761, 766, 767 (corregimiento), 771, 808, 819. See also Vilcanota; Sacred Valley
Urus, 248, 258
Vertical archipelago, 229
Vilcabamba, 5, 12, 17–18, 440, 475, 684, 693, 741–751, 754, 760–761, 779–782, 818
rediscovery, archaeology of, 755–756
Vilcanota, 64, 104, 198, 220, 234–236, 502–503, 771
Vilcashuamán, 223, 497, 506, 509–512, 515, 635 (usnu)
Viracocha (creator deity), 58–59, 75, 144, 150, 167, 207, 504, 512, 543–544, 549–550, 552–553, 562, 578, 662, 703
Descendants, 761, 763–764, 766, 768
Temple of Viracocha, 151, 167, 632, 639 (see also Raqchi)
Viracocha (colonial term), 669, 703
Virú Valley, 33, 39, 47
visita, 23–24, 121, 130, 658, 712. See also Toledo, Francisco de
Xaquixaguana Valley, 106, 501
ethnic group, 110
See also Anta
Xauxa, 234 (ethnic group), 509 (Jauja), 768
Xérez, Francisco de, 10–12, 73
Zárate, Agustín de, 14, 603