Abstract and Keywords
This chapter addresses some of the factors leading to the “reinvention” of the Inti Raymi and Machu Picchu almost 500 years after the collapse of Tahuantinsuyu. It also highlights the way in which these two phenomena have been transformed since their reappearance as the result of tourism, globalization and the growth of Incanism. Although both played an important role in the construction of Peruvian’s national identity, their different trajectories reveal competing forces of authentication and reinvention in the national and international arenas. Whereas the resurgence of the Inti Raymi in Cuzco was the product of mestizo intellectuals committed to reinforcing nationalism and local identity, the discovery and rise to prominence of Machu Picchu was the result of broader efforts to integrate the Peruvian highlands into the national and global economies.
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