Abstract and Keywords
Colonial documents demonstrate that the Incas thought about and described their origins in different ways: as the invention of a unique imperial ruling title, as the genealogy of royal households descended from previous rulers, and as the unification of many Cuzco area groups to create an imperial heartland. These distinct approaches to the spread of Inca power can be tested archaeologically in different ways, and several models can be dismissed using the material evidence. Archaeological surveys and excavations in the Cuzco region indicate an early growth of Inca power, with a period of expansion and consolidation that preceded the rapid century of imperial campaigns beginning around 1400 ce. Recasting the spread of Inca power as a long-term process that involved men and women from multiple groups helps us see that the Inca project was not complete when Spaniards took control of the Cuzco region.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.