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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter links rock shrines, ceque lines, and pilgrimage as an imperial strategy devised in the heartland and exported into the provinces to order and coalesce Inca territories into an empire-wide ideological geography. Current understandings of carved rock shrines/huacas as materializations of stone ideology are explained. These rock huacas defined certain ceque lines and roads, and their political charge was performed in pilgrimage-related rituals. These roads, as well as their stony markers, could hold many positions on the fluid continuum between physical, functional, symbolic, ideological, and conceptual, and thus, functioned both as long-distance ceques and ceque shrines. Evidence from the provinces is presented in three case studies: the Island of the Sun in Lake Titicaca, Vilcashuamán/Intiwatana, and Ingapirca/Coyuctur.

Keywords: ceque, pilgrimage, stone ideology, Island of the Sun, Lake Titicaca Vilcashuaman/Intiwatana, Ingapirca, Coyuctur, Ecuador

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