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date: 16 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, we focus on the theoretical and empirical relationship between leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), arguing that leadership, at its conceptual core, is extra-role behavior (i.e., leadership [is] OCB). Updating and extending Organ, Podsakoff, and MacKenzie’s (2006) chapter, we review both traditional (e.g., transformational leadership, transactional leadership, initiating structure, and consideration behaviors) and contemporary models of leader behavior (e.g., ethical, authentic, and servant leadership behaviors). In doing so, we report meta-analytic results comparing leadership models and the activities that underlie those models. We close by discussing three potential avenues for continued research in this domain.

Keywords: leadership, OCB, review, meta-analysis, extra-role behavior

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