Abstract and Keywords
After publishing the first two books of his Essays in 1580, Montaigne set out on a long journey, which took him to Italy through eastern France, Switzerland, Germany, and Austria. This extensive “field trip” allowed him to expand on his bookish knowledge of Latin and Italian languages and cultures. Like many of his contemporaries, he was eager to see what was left of Rome, a city that had occupied so much of his classical education. The manuscript of his Travel Journal, written between June 1580 and November 1581, was not discovered until 1770, and three editions were published in 1774. Although the manuscript disappeared during the French Revolution and has never been retrieved, an incomplete hand-written copy was discovered in the 1980s, which proved instrumental in correcting the text of the 18th-century editions. The text is composed of four sections: the first is written in French by an anonymous secretary; the second is written by Montaigne himself in French; the third is also written by Montaigne but in Italian; the fourth and shortest section is written in French by the essayist on his way home.
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