- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of Sex Offences and Sex Offenders
- List of Contributors
- What is sex crime?
- Exploring the methods behind sexual violence estimates: The Composition and Findings from National and International Surveys
- The explanation of sexual offending
- Sexual offenders and human rights: Protecting Victims
- Rape and domestic sexual assault
- Sexual homicide and violent offenders
- Child sexual abuse
- Alcohol and drugs in relation to sexual offending
- Commercial sexual exploitation of children
- Victim–offender overlap among sex offenders
- Female sex offenders
- The juvenile sex offender: Criminal Careers and Recidivism Risk
- A developmental life-course perspective of juvenile and adult sexual offending
- Victimization and revictimization
- The role of policy in preventing sexual violence
- The policing of sexual activity
- Sentencing high-risk sex offenders: Policy and Legislation
- The aftermath of sex offender registration and other controls
- Risk assessment of sex offenders
- Treatment of sex offenders: Concepts and Empirical Evaluations
- Informal social control of sex offenders: The Family and Other Forms of Support
- Restorative justice and sex offending
- Public perceptions of sex crimes and sex offenders
- The media response to sex crimes
- The paedophile in popular culture: Fictional Representations of Sex Crime
- Social media, cyberspace, and sex crime: Deviant and Democratizing Spaces
- The criminalization of sexuality
- Prostitution and sex work
- Sex trafficking and control
Abstract and Keywords
Women represent a small proportion of offenders convicted of sexual offences, and a small proportion of imprisoned women have been sentenced for offences of this kind. This essay begins with a discussion of the nature of female sexual offending, including the number and types of offences, the characteristics of victims, and the level of co-offending with men. It then considers the characteristics and emerging typologies of female sexual offenders. Theoretical approaches to female sexual offending are discussed, with particular attention to the relevance of theories of male sexual offending to sexual offending by women and theoretical developments that focus on women. The implications for assessment and treatment of female sex offenders are considered. Given its increasing role in relation to sexual offending more generally, the role of new technology—particularly the Internet—in facilitating female sexual abuse is explored.
Gill McIvor is a Professor of Criminology at the University of Stirling.
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