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date: 14 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The history of the interpretation of Mary, the mother of Jesus, in the New Testament reflects the shifting questions and expanding methods that have shaped the field of biblical studies. As historical criticism has led to or been supplemented by feminist, gender, and contextual modes of analysis, the interpretation of Mary has brought matters pertaining to gender and sexuality increasingly to light. Mary’s footprint in the New Testament has been, of course, greatly outpaced by her role in Christian imagination. Whether querying the meaning and significance of Mary’s virginity or her portrayal as a mother, at stake in her interpretation is the construction of gender and sexuality itself.

Keywords: virginity, motherhood, historical criticism, feminist criticism, contextual interpretation

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