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date: 02 December 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses homophobia as a global phenomenon by offering a comprehensive literature review of its construction across geographical and cultural boundaries. The chapter presents a critical discourse analysis of journalistic reports and online commentary regarding a gay wedding in the Botswana media. Labeling and rationalization strategies are approached as analytical tools that reveal how authors and readers ideologically position themselves in relation to homosexuality. It is argued that sexual identities are constructed in complex ways that simultaneously challenge and reinforce heteronormativity. In particular, homophobic discourses are interwoven with racism and nationalism in ways that attempt to separate so-called global and destructive cultures from “more acceptable” local ones.

Keywords: critical discourse analysis, global, homophobia, heteronormativity, labeling, local, nationalism, racism, sexual identities, Botswana

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