- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
At the intersection of applied linguistics and journalism studies lies media linguistics. This emerging subdisciplinary label is an umbrella term for the study of mass-mediated language use, which, for the purposes of this chapter, is restricted to news media: public or private institutions of mass communication that produce and spread public information commoditized as news. Two issues stand out in the literature on media linguistics (and beyond). The first is the shifting ecology of contemporary journalism: in an always-on, digital mediascape, the craft of journalism is increasingly defined by screenwork. The second is the perspective of mediatization, which highlights the central role mediated communication plays in high modern societies. This chapter discusses two responses to the mediatization of society: the cultural authority of journalists as knowledge creators and knowledge brokers in fluid, heteroglossic media environments, and satirical responses to the proliferation of news discourse.
Tom Van Hout is Assistant Professor of Professional Communication and Academic Director of the Institute for Professional and Academic Communication at the University of Antwerp. He is also affiliated with the Department of Journalism and New Media at Leiden University and is a steering committee member of the COST Action “New Speakers in a Multilingual Europe: Opportunities and Challenges.” He specializes in qualitative approaches to public discourse, media(tization), journalism, and workplace communication. Recent publications include book chapters on the linguistic ethnography of news (Palgrave, 2015), writing news from sources (Routledge, 2016), and journalistic role performance (Routledge, 2016). His other media linguistic work has been published in the Journal of Pragmatics, Text & Talk, and Pragmatics.
Peter Burger is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Journalism and New Media at Leiden University. He applies rhetorical perspectives to journalism, narrative folklore, and social media discourse. Before moving to academia, he worked as a science journalist. He has written a number of books on rumors and contemporary legends.
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