- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter outlines both historical and future perspectives on language and the Internet, and addresses core issues and topics in this broad field, such as online-offline dynamics, the notion of context, and the centrality of writing (or, more broadly, multimodal communication)—traditionally not the main focus of sociolinguistics—as a predominant mode of communication in online environments. Both methodological and theoretical implications of recent socio-technological developments and the introduction of new communicative environments are discussed from the point of view of the study of language. This entails attending to issues such as the conceptualization of the notion of “community” in the context of online interactions, and translocality as one of the default modes of everyday social interaction. Finally, the chapter engages in a discussion on recent approaches to studying (linguistic) complexity in technologically mediated communication (digital humanities and digital ethnography), in particular as regards future directions in this field.
Piia Varis is Assistant Professor at the Department of Culture Studies and Deputy Director of Babylon, Centre for the Study of Superdiversity at Tilburg University, The Netherlands. She received her PhD (2009, English) from the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Her research interests include digital culture (in particular social media, questions related to digitalization, privacy and public/private dynamics), popular culture, and globalization.
Tom van Nuenen is a PhD candidate at the Department of Culture Studies at Tilburg University, where he is carrying out research into travel writing in online ecologies. He is interested in Digital Humanities methods of distant reading in order to study forms of online interaction. His articles have appeared in Tourist Studies, Games and Cultures and The Journal of Popular Culture. Tom has held a Visiting Research Fellowship at the University of Western Sydney, Australia.
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