- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
Over the last several decades a robust language ideologies literature has forged new paths in the study of relations between social and linguistic structures. Rather than viewing ideas about language as epiphenomena of marginal importance in scholarly analyses of linguistic form and function, language ideologies theorists persuasively argue that cultural conceptions of language are fundamental structuring components of communicative praxis. This language ideologies perspective hinges on ethnographic accounts of culturally specific ways in which language is construed, as well as careful analyses of referential and non-referential elements of linguistic practice. This chapter shows how language ideologies research has developed and moved beyond accounts of language attitudes in sociolinguistics to powerfully theorize linkages among linguistic forms and cultural contexts across interactional, institutional, and political-economic scales. It concludes by pointing to emergent directions in work on language ideologies, focusing specifically on questions surrounding the agents and objects of language ideologies.
Jonathan Rosa is Assistant Professor in the Graduate School of Education and Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity at Stanford University. His research combines sociocultural and linguistic anthropology to theorize the co-naturalization of language and race as a way of apprehending modes of societal exclusion and inclusion across institutional domains. Specifically, he analyzes the interplay between youth socialization, raciolinguistic formations, and structural inequality in urban contexts. Dr. Rosa is the author of Looking like a Language, Sounding like a Race: Inequality and Ingenuity in the Learning of Latinidad. His work has appeared in scholarly journals such as the Harvard Educational Review, American Ethnologist, American Anthropologist, and the Journal of Linguistic Anthropology.
Christa Burdick is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Her research focuses on the intersections of language, place, and commodification in projects of tourism marketing and place branding in eastern France. More specifically, her current research on the production and implementation of place branding initiatives in Alsace, France, seeks to interrogate the ways in which such projects constitute important sites for the contemporary reconfiguration of nations, cultures, and languages along the lines of global market imperatives.
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