- The Oxford Handbook of Hesiod
- Notes on Contributors
- The Hesiodic Question
- Seventh-Century Material Culture in Boiotia
- In Hesiod’s World
- The Prehistory and Analogues of Hesiod’s Poetry
- Hesiodic Poetics
- Hesiod’s <i>Theogony</i> and the Structures of Poetry
- Hesiod’s Temporalities
- Hesiodic Theology
- Hesiod in Performance
- Hesiod’s Rhetoric of Exhortation
- Gender in Hesiod: A Poetics of the Powerless
- Solon’s Reception of Hesiod’s <i>Works and Days</i>
- The Reception of Hesiod by the Early Pre-Socratics
- Deviant Origins: Hesiod’s <i>Theogony</i> and the Orphica
- Hesiod and the Visual Arts
- Hesiod and Pindar
- Hesiod and Tragedy
- Hesiod and Comedy
- Plato’s Hesiods
- Hellenistic Hesiod
- Hesiod from Aristotle to Posidonius
- Hesiod, Virgil, and the Georgic Tradition
- Ovid’s Hesiodic Voices
- Hesiod Transformed, Parodied, and Assaulted: Hesiod in the Second Sophistic and Early Christian Thought
- Hesiod in the Byzantine and Early Renaissance Periods
- Hesiod and Christian Humanism, 1471–1667
- Hesiod in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
- Theorizing with Hesiod: Freudian Constructs and Structuralism
- The Reception of Hesiod in the Twentieth and Twenty-first Centuries
- Index Locorum Antiquorum
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter traces the unique role Hesiodic poetry has played in the history of thought throughout the twentieth century, with a focus on two main areas: Freudian constructs and structuralism. The chapter demonstrates how Freud’s Civilization and Its Discontents in the first half of the century parallels key narrative themes from Hesiodic poetry. Freud, however, did not often invoke Hesiod directly in this work, and such lack of conscious reference may be the strongest indication of the influence Hesiodic narrative exerted as a dominant psychological and cultural paradigm in the early twentieth century. Concerning the development of structuralism in the second half of the twentieth century, the chapter discusses how classical scholars, such as Vernant, Detienne, and Pucci, have caused Hesiod to play a key role in broader debates on the relationship among history, structure, and political power in postwar France. Ultimately, the chapter demonstrates how Hesiodic poetry has been and continues to remain a rich source for theorizing the present.
Stephen Scully is professor of classical studies at Boston University. He has written on Homer, Hesiod, Greek tragedy, Plato, Freud’s antiquities, and aspects of reception. Translations include Plato’s Phaedrus (Focus Publishing, 2003; now distributed by Hackett Publishing) and, with Rosanna Warren, Euripides’ Suppliant Women (Oxford University Press, 1995; now in The Complete Euripides, vol. III, 2010), and recent publications include the introduction to George Chapman’s Homer’s Hymns and Other Homerica (Princeton University Press, 2008); “Englished Homer from Chapman to Walcott,” Arion 17 (2009); Hesiod’s Theogony: From Near Eastern Creation Myths to Paradise Lost (Oxford University Press, 2015); and “Dryden’s Aeneis,” in Virgil and His Translators (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
Charles Stocking is assistant professor in the Department of Classical Studies and a core faculty member of the Centre for the Study of Theory and Criticism at the University of Western Ontario. He is also an associate member of the research center ANHIMA (Anthropologie et histoire des mondes antiques) in Paris. He is the author of The Politics of Sacrifice in Early Greek Myth and Poetry (Cambridge University Press, 2017), as well as various articles on archaic Greek poetry, Greek religion, and ancient athletics. He is currently at work on several projects that explore the impact of classical philology on continental philosophy and modern cultural history.
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