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date: 20 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter traces the changing status of women in the workplace by focusing on the individual and collective battles of the 1960s and 1970s that resulted in legal protections for working women. It considers new names for old problems—like sexual harassment—as well as new remedies for workplace discrimination that drew on equal employment law, unionization, and other organizational forms. Race, motherhood, age, and citizenship status distinguished women’s experiences in paid work, and thus this chapter takes an intersectional approach to understanding workplace developments based on women’s diverse identities. Anti-discrimination law has generated single-axis frameworks, which fail to address harms experienced by women of color that stem from their racialized gender and their holding low-paying, sex segregated jobs excluded from many labor standards. After providing an overview of these developments, the chapter ends with some directions for future research.

Keywords: workplace discrimination, women, unionization, sexual harassment, intersectionality

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