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date: 24 June 2021

(p. xvi) (p. xvii) List of Contributors

(p. xvi) (p. xvii) List of Contributors

Christine Bakker

who holds a PhD from the European University Institute, Florence, is an international lawyer specializing in human rights law, including children’s rights, international environmental law, and climate change. She has published widely in these fields, including, inter alia, The EU, the US and Global Climate Governance (Ashgate, 2014), which she co-edited with Francesco Francioni. She also has carried out research for the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre and previously worked at the European Commission (DG Development). She is currently Adjunct Professor at LUISS University (Rome) and a visiting lecturer at the University of Roma-Tre and the Scuola Superiore di Sant’Anna (Pisa).

Jo Becker

is a child rights activist with over twenty years of experience working for human rights and social justice. As the children’s rights advocacy director for Human Rights Watch, she has been at the forefront of international efforts to end the use of child soldiers, child labor, and to protect other vulnerable children. She has investigated children’s rights in Burma, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Morocco, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Uganda, and the United States. An adjunct associate professor of international and public affairs at Columbia University, she has published widely in major international news publications and is the award-winning author of Campaigning for Justice: Human Rights Advocacy in Practice (2012) and Campaigning for Children: Strategies to Advance Children’s Rights (2017), both from Stanford University Press.

Amy Brown

studied law at Queen’s University Belfast before moving to England to train as a post-primary English teacher. Subsequent experience teaching young people who struggled to establish rapport with teachers prompted an interest in young people’s participation rights, both in the classroom and in the wider school context, in particular, their right to be heard and their right to freedom of expression. She is a PhD candidate in the Centre for Children’s Rights at Queen’s University, where she is exploring young people’s right to be heard in schools and how this right is implemented and realized in practice.

Katherine Covell

PhD, is Professor Emerita of Psychology and the former Executive Director of the Children’s Rights Centre at Cape Breton University. Much of her teaching, research, and writing has been contextualized within the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Her primary foci have been education rights and rights to protection from violence. She has published numerous articles, book chapters, and six books on child development and children’s rights. As an advocate, she has worked with (p. xviii) the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children, UNICEF, Save the Children, and the Canadian Government. Covell was lead researcher for the UN Global Study on Violence against Children for North America in 2005. From 2007 to 2014 she represented North America on the International UN NGO Advisory Council on Violence against Children.

Jaap E. Doek

is an Emeritus Professor in Family and Juvenile Law at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and an extraordinary Professor in Children’s Rights at the Anton de Kom University of Suriname. He is the special legal advisor of ECPAT and a member of the board of various international NGOs, including the African Child Policy Forum and Child Helpline International. He has been a juvenile court judge in the district courts of Alkmaar and The Hague (1978–1985) and a deputy justice in the court of appeal of Amsterdam (2005–2012). He was a visiting scholar at the law schools of Georgetown University and the University of Michigan (1993) and a visiting professor at the school of law of Northwestern University (1999). He was a member of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (1999–2007) and the chairperson of that Committee (2001–2007). Doek has published numerous books and articles on various topics in the area of children’s rights and family law in national (Dutch) and international journals.

Mike Dottridge

has worked in the human rights field for four decades. He was employed by two human rights NGOs: Amnesty International (1977 to 1995), focusing on sub-Saharan Africa, and Anti-Slavery International, where he was director from 1996 until 2002. Since 1995 he has focused on the rights of adults and children subjected to economic or sexual exploitation, working independently since 2002, undertaking evaluations and institutional learning exercises for both international organizations and NGOs. He is the author of articles and handbooks on human rights in relation to slavery, servitude, forced labor, trafficking of adults and children, and child labor and exploitation. He advised the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on her Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking (2002) and was a trustee of the UN Fund on Contemporary Forms of Slavery from 2011 until 2016.

Mark A. Drumbl

is the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor at Washington & Lee University School of Law, where he also serves as Director of the Transnational Law Institute. He lectures, consults, and publishes widely in the areas of international criminal law, post-conflict justice, war-afflicted youth, and public international law. He is author of Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2007) and Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy (Oxford University Press, 2012), and co-editor of the Research Handbook on Child Soldiers (Elgar, 2019). He also has taught at law faculties at the following universities: Oxford, Paris, Melbourne, Monash, Ottawa, Masaryk, and the VU Amsterdam.

Michael Freeman

Emeritus Professor of Law at University College London, has published over eighty-five books and hundreds of articles on law and society, the transdisciplinary study of law and legal institutions in such subjects as jurisprudence, (p. xix) theories of law, medical law, legal and medical ethics, rights of children, family law, domestic violence, law and literature, popular culture, law and neuroscience, law and anthropology, sociology, health law, dispute resolution, religion, law and personal life, cricket, and law and countless other applications of social realties to the making, interpretation, and enforcement of law. Freeman is a legal scholar whose primary goals in legal scholarship and pedagogy have been to query how law can be used to improve the lives of the disempowered and to deliver real, not just imagined, social justice. He is Founding Editor of the International Journal of Children’s Rights and author of The Rights and Wrongs of Children (Pinter, 1983). Freeman is a Fellow of the British Academy and a Visiting Research Professor at Liverpool University and Queens University Belfast.

Tali Gal

PhD, is Senior Lecturer and Head of the School of Criminology at the University of Haifa. Her scholarship integrates legal, criminological, and psychosocial knowledge and involves restorative justice, children’s rights, and therapeutic jurisprudence. She is a member of the Advisory Committee for the Minister of Justice on Juvenile Justice Reform and a former member of the Rotlevi Committee for Evaluating the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Israeli Legislation. She is the author of Child Victims and Restorative Justice: A Needs-Rights Model (Oxford University Press, 2011) and co-editor (with Benedetta Faedi-Duramy) of International Perspectives and Empirical Findings on Child Participation (Oxford University Press, 2015). She has published extensively in peer-reviewed as well as law review journals. Prior to joining academia, Tali was Legal Advisor to the Israel National Council for the Child.

Savitri Goonesekere

is Emeritus Professor of Law at the University of Colombo Sri Lanka. She was Vice Chancellor of the same university from 1999 to 2002, served as a member of several regional and international bodies concerned with human rights and gender equality, held fellowships in universities in the United States and the United Kingdom, and acted as a consultant to several UN agencies working on law and human rights projects. She has published widely in the areas of children’s rights, gender equality, and law and development and received the Fukokua Asian Culture Academic Prize in 2008. She was a member of the UN CEDAW Committee from 1999 to 2002.

Karl Hanson

is Full Professor in Public Law at the University of Geneva in Switzerland and Deputy Director of the University of Geneva’s Centre for Children’s Rights Studies. He obtained his doctorate in law in 2004 from Ghent University, Belgium, where he worked as a Researcher at the Children’s Rights Centre and as a Senior Researcher at the Human Rights Centre. His publications and primary research interests are in the emerging field of interdisciplinary children’s rights studies and include theorizations on children’s rights and childhood studies, child labor and working children, juvenile justice, and the role of independent national children’s rights institutions. He teaches at the University of Geneva in the Master interdisciplinaire en droits de l’enfant (MIDE). He is also Program Director of the Master of Advanced Studies in Children’s (p. xx) Rights (MCR) and Chair of the Steering Committee of the Children’s Rights European Academic Network (CREAN). Hanson is also co-editor of the journal Childhood (Sage).

Meredith Johnson Harbach

is Professor of Law at the University of Richmond School of Law, where she teaches courses in family law, children and the law, reproductive justice, and civil procedure and supervises the Family Law Certificate Program. Her recent scholarship has analyzed and critiqued the state’s relationship to families and children through the lens of American child care law and policy. Harbach most recently served as Chair of the AALS Section on Children and the Law and has also served on the Virginia Council on Women, where she was Chair of the Women’s Healthcare Initiative. Harbach has also been a Visiting Scholar with the Vulnerability and the Human Condition Initiative at Emory Law School.

Berta Esperanza Hernández-Truyol

is an international human rights scholar who utilizes an interdisciplinary and international framework to promote human well-being around the globe. She joined the University of Florida Levin College of Law and was named Levin, Mabie & Levin Professor of Law in 2000. In 2019 she was named the Stephen C. O’Connell Chair. Hernández-Truyol is engaged in initiatives that seek to develop, expand, and transform human rights discourse with a focus on issues of gender, race, ethnicity, culture, sexuality, language, and other vulnerabilities as well as their interconnections. She travels broadly to discuss and teach human rights. She has made presentations and offered courses in countries around the world, including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, France, Italy, Mexico, Peru, Spain, and Uruguay. Her current research includes an examination of the ongoing migration crises. Among her many publications, she coauthored Just Trade: A New Covenant Linking Trade and Human Rights (NYU Press, 2009), which elucidated how embracing the interdependence of trade and human rights promotes human flourishing. She earned her LL.M. in international legal studies from New York University School of Law, her J.D. from Albany Law School of Union University, and her B.A. from Cornell University.

R. Brian Howe

PhD, is a professor emeritus (political science) at Cape Breton University. He is the author or coauthor of numerous books, articles, and book chapters on education policy, children’s rights, human rights, children’s human rights education, child advocacy offices, and human rights commissions. His books include Empowering Children: Children’s Rights Education as a Pathway to Citizenship (2005), Education in the Best Interests of the Child (2013), Children, Families, and Violence (2009), and The Challenge of Children’s Rights for Canada (2001, 2019). The first edition of The Challenge (2001) was selected for two national awards, and Empowering Children formed the basis for an award in citizenship education by the Canadian Education Association. He was also the co-recipient of a children’s rights award (2014) by the Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children. His current research is on parenting education and children’s human rights education.

(p. xxi) Ursula Kilkelly

is a Professor of Law at the School of Law, University College Cork, where she teaches children’s rights on the LL.M. Children’s Rights and Family Law. She has published several monographs, edited collections, and peer reviewed articles on a range of children’s rights issues, including children’s rights in and to health care, juvenile justice and detention, and on the legal implementation and enforcement of children’s rights. Her recent book, International Human Rights of Children (Springer, 2018), is a collection co-edited with Ton Liefaard. Kilkelly has also undertaken multiple funded research projects on the child’s right to health and child-friendly health care with the Council of Europe, the Irish Research Council, the Department of Children and Youth Affairs, and the Ombudsman for Children in Ireland. Her publications are available on Google Scholar, and she can be followed on Twitter @ukilkelly.

Shani M. King

is a Professor of Law and Director of the Center on Children and Families at the University of Florida Levin College of Law. Prior to joining the UF Law faculty, he practiced at Legal Services for Children, Inc., in San Francisco, where he litigated cases under the UN Convention against Torture and represented children in immigration, dependency, guardianship, and school discipline proceedings. King is an active writer and scholar in the area of children’s rights, with a particular interest in the rights of children and families from traditionally underserved populations—and the public responsibility to protect those rights. His wide-ranging scholarship has been recognized and cited by leading scholars in the field, has been cited and relied upon by courts, and is also frequently relied upon by not-for-profit organizations and practitioners in the field. King has been active in local, regional, and national child welfare and juvenile reform in the United States and has worked with the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Constitution Society, and state and local governmental officials, in addition serving as a reviewer for the Children and Youth Services Review as well as the quarterly of the National School of the Judiciary and Public Prosecution in Poland. King received a B.A. from Brown University, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and an MSt in international human rights law from Oxford University. He is also an award-winning author of children’s books—his latest, Have I Ever Told You?, was published in 2019 (Tilbury House).

Akilah J. Kinnison

is an Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Arizona’s James E. Rogers College of Law, where she is part of the faculty of the Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program. She teaches critical race theory and public international law. In addition, she works on issues related to the use of international human rights law to address problems in US federal Indian law jurisprudence. She received her J.D. in 2012 and her LL.M. in 2013 from the University of Arizona.

Perpetua Kirby

PhD, is a Research Associate at the University of Sussex, where she co-convenes a course on the BA in Child and Youth Studies and is also an independent research consultant. She has spent over twenty years researching children and young people’s participation within different sectors, including social care, health, and education. Her research interests are children’s agency and participation, democratic (p. xxii) schooling, and multimodal creative research approaches. Together with Rebecca Webb, she co-founded TRANSFORM-iN EDUCATION (, an initiative aimed at challenging an exclusive emphasis on children’s conformity within schools.

Katrien Klep,

LLM, is Assistant Professor of Children’s Rights at the Department of Child Law at Leiden University. She lectures in the Advanced Master International Children’s Rights program on international systems of human rights, economic, social and cultural rights, and research design. In her academic work she has two major research interests: (1) how (human) rights work in practice and (2) the use of qualitative methods in legal research. Her current research on access to (social) justice focuses on complaints procedures in youth care at the municipal level in the Netherlands.

Gerison Lansdown

was founding director (1992–2000) of the Children’s Rights Alliance for England and has since worked as an international consultant and advocate, publishing and lecturing widely on the subject of children’s rights. She has been involved in the development of several General Comments for the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, including on the right of children to be heard, to play and recreation, and on the rights of children both during adolescence, and in the digital environment. She was actively involved in the drafting of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. She is an adjunct professor at Carleton University Canada, has an Honorary Doctorate from Open University and from Carleton University, an Honorary Fellowship from the University of Central Lancashire, is a member of the Open Society Foundation Early Years Advisory Board, and is on the editorial advisory board of the Canadian Journal of Children’s Rights. She is a former Vice Chair of UNICEF-UK and currently chairs both Child to Child and the ODI Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence Advisory Board.

Mary Frances Layden

is a co-founder of the apparel company love♡bili♡nyc, which promotes disability awareness and empowerment, and the former leader of community engagement at the NYC-based nonprofit organization A Leg To Stand On (ALTSO), which provides free orthopedic care to children with disabilities in developing countries. As a woman with a physical disability, Layden is dedicated to disability advocacy. She holds a bachelor’s degree in social work from New York University and a master’s degree in developmental psychology from Teachers College, Columbia University. Currently she is an M.A. student at CUNY School of Professional Studies in the disability studies graduate program.

Gertrud Lenzer

Dr. phil., is Professor Emerita of Sociology and Children’s Studies at The City University of New York. In 1991 she was both the founder internationally of the interdisciplinary field of children’s studies as well as the founding chair of the Sociology of Children Section of the American Sociological Association. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) provided the overarching framework for this new interdisciplinary field. Lenzer has published widely in the fields of philosophy and the social sciences, children’s rights, and children’s studies. She is editor of Violence (p. xxiii) against Children: Making Human Rights Real (Routledge, 2018), a study of the pervasiveness of violence against children internationally and in the United States, which includes contributions from leading scholars and child rights advocates. She has been the recipient of honors and such fellowships as the American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship in American Studies, a Rockefeller Fellowship in the Humanities, a Fellowship at the National Humanities Center, a Visiting Fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, and a Research Fellowship at the Rockefeller Bellagio Center, Italy.

Manfred Liebel,

Dr. phil., is Professor Emeritus of sociology at Technical University Berlin and co-founder and patron of the M.A. Childhood Studies and Children’s Rights (MACR) at Free University Berlin and the University of Applied Sciences Potsdam. He is also vice chair of the council of the National Coalition Germany for the Implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Liebel is an editorial board member of scientific journals in Germany, Spain, Nicaragua, Ecuador, and Peru. He has served as a consultant to the Movements of Working Children and Adolescents in Latin America and Africa. His research focuses on: international and intercultural studies on childhood and youth, children’s rights, child work, social movements, and postcolonial studies. He has published books in German, Spanish, English, French, and Polish. His most recent books include Children’s Rights from Below: Cross-Cultural Perspectives (2012), Kinder und Gerechtigkeit. Über Kinderrechte neu nachdenken (2013), Janusz Korczak—Pionier der Kinderrechte (editor, 2013), Kinder und Gerechtigkeit. Über Kinderrechte neu nachdenken (2013), Niñez y Justicia Social (2013), Kinderinteressen—Zwischen Paternalismus und Partizipation (2015), ‘Children out of Place’ and Human Rights: In Memory of Judith Ennew (co-editor, 2017), and Postkoloniale Kindheiten. Zwischen Ausgrenzung und Widerstand (2017).

Ton Liefaard

is Professor of Children’s Rights and holds the UNICEF Chair in Children’s Rights at Leiden Law School, Leiden University. He is Leiden Law School’s Vice Dean for Education and Director of the Master of Law’s Programme (LL.M.) on Advanced Studies in International Children’s Rights at Leiden University. He teaches and publishes widely on the meaning of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and related international, regional, and domestic children’s rights standards for specific issues, including juvenile justice, deprivation of liberty of children, children’s access to justice, child-friendly justice, and violence against children. He supervises PhD students from across the globe and regularly works as a consultant and researcher for international organizations, including UNICEF, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. He also serves as a substitute Justice of the Court of Appeal in The Hague. He is a member of the editorial boards of the International Journal of Children’s Rights, Youth Justice, and the Flemish Journal for Youth and Children’s Rights. Liefaard holds a master’s degree and a PhD in law from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Laura Lundy

is Co-Director of the Centre for Children’s Rights and a Professor in the School of Social Sciences, Education and Social Work at Queen’s University, Belfast. (p. xxiv) She is co-Editor in Chief of the International Journal of Children’s Rights. Her expertise is in children’s right to participate in decision-making, education rights, and implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Martha Minow

is the 300th Anniversary Professor at Harvard University, where she has taught since 1981 and served as Dean of Harvard Law School for eight years. An expert in human rights and advocacy for members of racial and religious minorities, women, children, and persons with disabilities, her books include When Should Law Forgive? (forthcoming 2019), The First Global Prosecutor: Promise and Constraints (co-editor with Cora True-Frost and Alex Whiting, 2015), In Brown’s Wake: Legacies of America’s Educational Landmark (2010), Partners, Not Rivals: Privatization and the Public Good (2002), Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence (1998), and Not Only For Myself: Identity, Politics, and the Law (1997). Minow serves on the board of the MacArthur Foundation and the federally funded Legal Services Corporation, serving low-income Americans.

Olga Nieuwenhuys

holds degrees in sociology from the University of Paris (Sorbonne) and in non-Western sociology and anthropology from the University of Amsterdam. She obtained her doctorate from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 1989. She has taught at the University of Amsterdam for more than thirty years, including courses on gender, childhood, and international development as well as more specialized courses on child labor, urban children’s participation in development and action research, and theories of development, post-development, and postcolonialism. Nieuwenhuys is author of Children’s Lifeworlds: Gender, Labour and Welfare in the Developing World (Rouledge, 1994; Social Science Press, 2001) and of numerous academic articles, book chapters, and co-edited volumes. She has been co-editor of the leading Sage journal in childhood studies, Childhood: A Journal of Global Child Research, and is on the international advisory board of the journal Children´s Geographies and of Contemporary Education Dialogue. She is currently working on social justice and reproduction and preparing a revised edition of Children’s Lifeworlds.

Aoife Nolan

has been Professor of International Human Rights Law at Nottingham University School of Law since 2012. She was elected to the Council of Europe’s European Committee of Social Rights, Europe’s leading economic and social rights monitoring mechanism, in November 2017. In 2018 she served on the Scottish First Minister’s Advisory Group on Human Rights Leadership. She has published extensively in the areas of human rights and constitutional law, particularly in relation to economic and social rights, children’s rights, and non-state actors. She was founding coordinator of the Economic and Social Rights Academic Network, UK and Ireland (ESRAN-UKI). Nolan has acted as an expert advisor to a wide range of international and national organizations and bodies working on human rights issues, including numerous UN Special Procedures, UN treaty-monitoring bodies, the Council of Europe, multiple NHRIs and NGOs. Her books include Children’s Socio-Economic Rights, Democracy & the Courts (Hart, 2011), Applying an International Human Rights Framework to State (p. xxv) Budget Allocations: Rights and Resources (coauthor with O’Connell, Harvey, Dutschke and Rooney; Routledge, 2014), Economic and Social Rights after the Global Financial Crisis (editor; Cambridge University Press, 2014), and The United Nations Special Procedures System (co-editor with Freedman and Murphy). She has held visiting positions at numerous academic institutions in Europe, Africa, the United States, and Australia. She is an Academic Expert member at Doughty Street Chambers.

Marta Santos Pais

was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children in May 2009. As a high level global independent advocate and bridge-builder, she promotes the prevention and elimination of all forms of violence against children in the home, in schools, in institutional care, in justice institutions, in the workplace, in the community, and in cyberspace. She is strongly committed to mobilizing action and political support to maintain momentum around this agenda and to achieve progress, including through law and policy reforms, information and mobilization campaigns, and sound data and research. She has more than thirty years of experience working on human rights issues, including engagement in United Nations and intergovernmental processes and research institutions. She participated in the drafting of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and of its Optional Protocols and of other key international human rights standards. She has authored many human rights and children’s rights publications and was a Special Advisor to two major UN studies, on violence against children and on the impact of armed conflict on children, respectively. Before her appointment as UN Special Representative, she was Director of the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre and, before then, Director of Evaluation, Policy and Planning for UNICEF. She also previously served as the Rapporteur of the Committee on the Rights of the Child and Vice Chair of the Coordinating Committee on Childhood Policies of the Council of Europe.

Sarah Paoletti

is a Practice Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where she founded and directs the Transnational Legal Clinic. From 2003 to 2006 she was a Practitioner-in-Residence in the International Human Rights Law Clinic at American University’s Washington College of Law. Prior to entering academia, she was a staff attorney at Friends of Farmworkers, Inc. (now, Justice at Work), a statewide legal services program serving migrant workers in Pennsylvania, and later served on its Board from 2007 to 2016. Paoletti is a founding member of the Board of Directors of Centro de los Derechos del Migrante, Inc., a binational migrant worker rights organization with offices in the US and Mexico. She was a law clerk for the Judge Anthony J. Scirica, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. She received her J.D. from the Washington College of Law American University summa cum laude in 1998 and her B.A. from Yale University in 1992. Paoletti has authored numerous articles, amicus briefs, and blog posts addressing the intersection of immigration and refugee law and human rights.

Twila L. Perry

is a Professor of Law and the Judge Alexander P. Waugh Sr. Scholar at Rutgers University School of Law in Newark, New Jersey, where she teaches family law, (p. xxvi) children and the law, torts, and a seminar on race, gender, and tort law. Perry is the author of numerous law journal articles examining the intersection of law with issues of race, gender, culture, and class in the context of family life. Some of the topics have included divorce, the theory of alimony, the legal duties of support and services within marriage, marriage in the African American community, and gentrification. Perry has written extensively on transracial and international adoption and has presented her work on these issues at conferences across the United States as well as internationally.

Addie C. Rolnick

is a Professor of Law at the William S. Boyd School of Law at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. She teaches federal Indian law, criminal law, civil rights, critical race theory, and a practicum in tribal law. Prior to joining UNLV, she was the inaugural Critical Race Studies Law Fellow at UCLA School of Law. Before that, she represented tribal governments as a lawyer and lobbyist with Sonosky, Chambers, Sachse, Endreson & Perry, LLP in Washington, DC. She earned her J.D. and her M.A. in American Indian studies from UCLA and her B.A. from Oberlin College. Rolnick’s scholarship investigates the relationships between sovereign power and indigenous/minority rights in four main areas: equal protection–based challenges to indigenous rights; Native youth and juvenile justice; the role of race and gender in the administration of criminal and juvenile justice; and tribal jurisdiction.

Maya Sabatello

LLB, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Clinical Bioethics and Co-Director of the Precision Medicine: Ethics, Politics, and Culture Project at Columbia University. She is a former litigator with a transdisciplinary background and has extensive experience in national and international policymaking relating to human and disability rights. Sabatello studies how biomedical technologies impact social structures, vulnerable groups, and individual rights. Her scholarship focuses on law, society, medicine, and disability; regulations of reproductive technologies; and genomic dilemmas and policies, especially as these are relevant to children and people with disabilities; and the uses of psychiatric genetics in nonclinical and judicial settings. In addition to peer-reviewed articles, she is the author of Children’s Bioethics (2009) and co-editor of Human Rights and Disability Advocacy (2014).

Natsu Taylor Saito

is Distinguished University Professor and Professor of Law at Georgia State University, where she teaches international law, human rights, and the legal history of race in the United States. She is the author of numerous articles on human rights as well as three books, Settler Colonialism, Race, and the Law: Why Structural Racism Persists (forthcoming from NYU Press, 2020), Meeting the Enemy: American Exceptionalism and International Law (2010), and From Chinese Exclusion to Guantánamo Bay: Plenary Power and the Prerogative State (2006). She earned her J.D. from Yale University in 1987.

Julia Sloth-Nielsen

is Professor of Law in the Faculty of Law at the University of the Western Cape and Professor of Children’s Rights in the Developing World at Leiden University. She teaches and publishes on a wide range of children’s rights and family law (p. xxvii) related issues and has worked extensively on children’s rights law reform in the southern and east African region. She served a term as a member of the African Committee of Experts on the Rights of the Child (2011–2016). She enjoys a rating as an internationally acclaimed researcher by the National Research Foundation.

David B. Thronson

is Professor of Law and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the Michigan State University College of Law. His research focuses on the intersection of family law and immigration law, with particular emphasis on the impact of immigration law on children. He is coauthor (with Stephen H. Legomsky) of the casebook Immigration and Refugee Law and Policy.

Jonathan Todres

is Distinguished University Professor and Professor of Law at Georgia State University College of Law. His research focuses on children’s rights and child well-being. He has authored numerous publications on child trafficking, the implementation of children’s rights law, human rights education, and legal and cultural constructs of childhood. He also coauthored Human Rights in Children’s Literature: Imagination and the Narrative of Law (Oxford University Press, 2016), and Preventing Child Trafficking: A Public Health Approach (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019). Todres serves as a regular advisor to nongovernmental organizations working to address various children’s rights issues. He is also a member of the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Todres is a past chair of the Section on International Human Rights and the Section on Children and the Law of the Association of American Law Schools. In 2018 he served as a Fulbright Scholar in residence at University College Cork in Ireland. He holds a J.D. from Columbia Law School and a B.A. (international development) from Clark University.

Gamze Erdem Türkelli

is a Postdoctoral Fellow of Fundamental Research at the Research Foundation–Flanders (FWO) and a member of the Law and Development Research Group at the University of Antwerp. She received her PhD in Law from the University of Antwerp, focusing on children’s rights obligations and responsibility for businesses and development financing institutions under international law. She is a graduate of Bogazici University (Turkey) and holds master’s degrees from the University of Paris 1–Pantheon Sorbonne and from Yale University, where she was a Fulbright Fellow. Her research interests include children’s rights, transnational human rights obligations, and new and traditional economic actors in development financing and governance, including multi-stakeholder partnerships as well as the links between law and development.

Afua Twum-Danso Imoh

is a Lecturer in the Sociology of Childhood at the University of Sheffield. Since obtaining her PhD from the Centre of West African Studies (University of Birmingham), she has managed nine funded research and networking projects focusing on children’s lives and well-being in Ghana and Nigeria, among other countries. Her work has been published in a number of edited collections as well as in a range of peer-reviewed journals. She is also the lead co-editor of three edited collections: Childhoods at the Intersection of the Global and the Local (Palgrave, 2012), (p. xxviii) Children’s Lives in an Era of Children’s Rights: The Progress of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Africa (Routledge, 2013), and Global Childhoods beyond the North-South Divide (Palgrave, 2019).

Wouter Vandenhole

is a human rights and law and development scholar. He holds the chair in human rights law at University of Antwerp. Vandenhole is a member of the Law and Development Research Group and the lead convener of an intensive training program on sustainable development and global justice. His research interests include children’s rights, economic, social and cultural rights, and the relationship between human rights law and development. For some years now he has focused on transnational human rights obligations, that is, the human rights obligations of new duty-bearers (in particular companies). More recently, he has started to explore the conceptual implications of sustainable development for human rights law, in particular, questions of distribution. He has co-edited the Routledge International Handbook of Children’s Rights Studies (Routledge, 2015) and coauthored Children’s Rights: A Commentary on the CRC and Its Protocols (Elgar, 2019).

Philip E. Veerman,

CPsychol., lives in The Hague (the Netherlands), where he works as a health psychologist for children and adolescents. He wrote his PhD thesis on children’s rights (The Rights of the Child and the Changing Image of Childhood, published by Martinus Nijhoff, 1992) and is the founder of the International Journal of Children’s Rights. From 1997 to 2002 he served as the President of Defence for Children International (DCI) in Geneva. For seventeen years he lived in Jerusalem, where he served as Executive Director of the Israeli Section of DCI. He participated in the Steering Committee of the Coalition against the Use of Child Soldiers in London and founded the Janusz Korczak Foundation in the Netherlands. He also worked in the field of drug and alcohol addiction. With Damon Barrett, he coauthored the Commentary on CRC Article 33: Protection from Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. To contact, see

Jessica Dixon Weaver

is an Associate Professor at Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law, where she teaches courses on family law, children and the law, and legal ethics. She received her B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and her J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law. Weaver served as founding Director of the W.W. Caruth, Jr. Child Advocacy Clinic and became the first African American female to earn tenure at the law school in 2015. Weaver is an expert in child welfare law and public policy, and her scholarship focuses on theorizing methods for improvement of the legal systems and policies affecting families and children. She also examines intergenerational caregiving for children and the elderly. Her current research explores the historical impact of race and gender on family construction and state regulation of the family. She is the author of two forthcoming books, Family Law Simulations: Bridge to Practice (West Academic) and Adoption Law: Theory, Policy, and Practice (3rd ed., William Hein). She is the recipient of the 2019–2020 university-wide Gerald J. Ford Senior Research Fellowship and the law school’s Robert G. Storey Distinguished Faculty Fellowship.

(p. xxix) Rebecca Webb

PhD, is a Lecturer in Education at the University of Sussex. She co-leads, and teaches on, a master’s degree and professional qualification in early-years education. She is an ethnographic and qualitative researcher with research interests in the areas of citizenship, democratic schooling and children’s rights, pedagogy and practice, and creativity in academic writing. She has been a primary teacher, EAL specialist, and local authority education adviser in equality, inclusion, and achievement. Together with Perpetua Kirby she co-founded TRANSFORM-iN EDUCATION (, an initiative aimed at challenging an exclusive emphasis on children’s conformity within schools.

Barbara Bennett Woodhouse

is L. Q. C. Lamar Professor of Law at Emory University Law School. She is author of Hidden in Plain Sight: The Tragedy of Children’s Rights from Ben Franklin to Lionel Tate (Princeton University Press, 2008) and The Ecology of Childhood: How Our Changing World Threatens Children’s Rights (forthcoming from NYU Press, 2020). She is also David H. Levin Chair in Family Law (emeritus) at the University of Florida, where she founded the Center on Children and Families. She obtained her law degree from Columbia University and clerked for Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor at the U.S. Supreme Court before joining the faculty of University of Pennsylvania, where she co-founded the multidisciplinary Center for Children’s Policy Practice and Research. Author of over one hundred articles and book chapters, she utilizes methods from a range of disciplines, including comparative legal and cultural studies, child development, sociology, ethnography and history, to explore the legal and social ecology of childhood. At Emory she founded the Child Rights Project, which engages students in amicus briefs involving the rights and needs of children. (p. xxx)