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date: 30 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the relevant human rights and children’s rights framework that governs international adoption and examines some of the critiques of this framework. Using the adoption of children into the United States as an example, the chapter describes the processes involved in pursuing an international adoption. This is followed by a discussion of the decline in international adoption since 2004, some of the reasons for that decline, and a discussion of recommendations offered by groups and individuals in the hope of improving the existing international adoption structure. The chapter then turns to some issues concerning international adoption not easily addressed by implementing various practical recommendations. These complex issues arise from the continuing problems of poverty, racism, and patriarchy in the world, including the effect of histories of colonialism and imperialism between some Western nations and many of the countries from which internationally adopted children come.

Keywords: international adoption, intercountry adoption, transnational adoption, adoption, international adoption decline, international adoption dilemmas, children’s rights

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