Abstract and Keywords
This chapter looks at the role of professional norms in the governance of artificial intelligence (AI). Professional norms of different provenience have the potential to serve as a reservoir for AI governance when contextualized within other governance mechanisms. However, fundamental conceptual issues such as the notion of what constitutes “AI professions,” coupled with a range of empirical questions—including the actual effects of norms on professionals—remain open for further research and discussion. A related challenge relates to the capacity and legitimacy of norms of the profession to deal with fundamental challenges brought forth by AI-based technologies. Nonetheless, the review of the professional norms literature as applied to AI provides elements of an emerging—and certainly evolving—landscape of professional norms in the AI context.
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