Abstract and Keywords
This chapter provides an overview of the nature and implications of artificial intelligence (AI), with particular attention to how they impinge on possible applications to and of law. Any artifact that transforms perception to more relevant information, including action, is AI. There is no question that AI, and digital technologies in general, are introducing massive transformations to society. Nevertheless, these impacts should be governable by less transformative legislative change. Indeed, the vast majority of AI—particularly where it has social impact—is and will remain a consequence of corporate commercial processes, and as such subject to existing regulations and regulating strategies. However, it is critical to remember that what is being held accountable is not machines themselves but the people who build, own, or operate them—including any who alter their operation through assault on their cybersecurity. It is thus important to govern the human application of technology—the human processes of development, testing, operation, and monitoring.
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