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date: 26 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter outlines Russian legislation relevant to climate change. Russia ratified the Kyoto Protocol in 2004. The main legal elements of institutional compliance under the Protocol included requirements to submit annual greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories, following the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) guidelines, and to establish a registry to keep track of domestic emissions and implementation of the Kyoto mechanisms. The Federal Service of Russia for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet), together with the Institute of Global Climate and Ecology, were designated as the entities responsible for developing Russia’s GHG inventory. Russia’s compliance was driven by its opportunity to participate in the Kyoto mechanisms. These flexibility mechanisms—Joint Implementation (JI) and International Emissions Trading—allow industrial countries to trade emission allowances in order to direct climate mitigation investments into the most cost-effective measures available.

Keywords: Climate change, Environmental disputes, Pollution, Natural resources, Marine environment, protection, United Nations (UN)

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