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date: 18 August 2019

(p. lxvi) (p. lxvii) List of Abbreviations

(p. lxvi) (p. lxvii) List of Abbreviations

AC

Appeal Cases

ADF

Allied Democratic Forces

AFISMA

African-led International Support Mission to Mali

AFL

Armed Forces of Liberia

AFRC

Armed Forces Revolutionary Council

All ER

All England Reports

AMC

American Maritime Cases

AMIB

African Mission in Burundi

AMIS

AU Mission in Sudan

AMISON

AU Mission in Somalia

ANZUS

Australia, New Zealand, United States Security

ARIO

Articles on Responsibility of International Organizations

ARISWA

Articles on the Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts

AU

African Union

Bevans

Bevans’ Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America

CAR

Canadian Airborne Regiment

CERTS

Computer Emergency Response Teams

CIA

Central Intelligence Agency

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CIWS

Close-In Weapons System

Cox CC

Cox’s Criminal Cases

CTS

Consolidated Treaty Series

DFS

Department of Field Support

DLR

Dominion Law Reports

DPAA

direct participant in armed attacks

DPH

direct participant in hostilities

DPKO

Department of Peacekeeping Operations

DPRK

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

DRC

Democratic Republic of the Congo

DUF

directives on the use of force

EASBRIG

East African brigade

EC

European Community

ECCAS

Central Africa brigade

ECHR

European Convention on Human Rights

ECOBRIG

West Africa brigade

ECOMOG

Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

Eritrea–Ethiopia Claims Commission

EEZ

exclusive economic zone

EFTA

European Free Trade Association

EITI

Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative

EU

European Union

EUFOR

European Union Force

EWCA Civ

England and Wales Court of Appeal, Civil Division

F3d

Federal Reporter, Third Series

FARC

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

FOMUC

Force Multinationale en Centrafrique (Multinational Force in the Central African Republic)

FRY

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

FSA

Fish Stocks Agreement

FSupp

Federal Supplement

GAOR

General Assembly Official Records

HCPR

Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research

HJRes

House [of Representatives] Joint Resolution

HL

House of Lords

HRC

Human Rights Council

HSC

Convention on the High Seas

IAC

international armed conflict

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICISS

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

ICJ

International Court of Justice

ICoC

International Code of Conduct

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICTR

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

IEMF

Interim Emergency Multinational Force

IFOR

Implementation Force

IGAD

Intergovernmental Authority on Development

IGASOM

IGAD Peace Support Mission in Somalia

IHL

international humanitarian law

ILA

International Law Association

ILC

International Law Commission

ILM

International Legal Materials

ILR

International Law Reports

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMT

International Military Tribunal

INTERFET

International Force for East Timor

ISAF

International Security Assistance Force

ITLOS

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

JCC

Joint Control Commission

KFOR

Kosovo Force

KLA

Kosovo Liberation Army

LAS

League of Arab States

(p. lxix) Lloyd’s Rep

Lloyd’s Law Reports

LN

law of nations

LNOJ

League of Nations Official Journal

LNTS

League of Nations Treaty Series

LOAC

law of armed conflict

MAES

AU Electoral and Security Assistance Mission

MEZ

maritime exclusion zone

MILS

mainstream international legal scholarship

MINUCI

United Nations Mission in Côte d’Ivoire

MINURCAT

United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad

MINUSCA

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic

MINUSMA

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali

MINUSTAH

UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti

MIO

maritime interception operations/maritime interdiction operations

MNF

Multinational Force

MONUC

Mission de l’Organisation de Nations Unies en République Démocratique du Congo (United Nations Observer Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo)

MONUSCO

Mission de l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en République Démocratique du Congo (United Nations Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo)

NAM

Non-Aligned Movement

NASBRIG

North Africa brigade

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NFZ

no-fly zone

NGO

non-governmental organization

NIAC

non-international armed conflict

NSA

non-state actor

OAS

Organization of American States

OAU

Organisation of African Unity

OCHA

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OECS

Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States

OFOF

orders for opening fire

OIC

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

ONUB

Opération des Nations Unies au Burundi (United Nations Operation in Burundi)

ONUC

Opération des Nations Unies au Congo (United Nations Operation in the Congo)

OPANAL

Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean

OSCE

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

P5

five permanent members of the UN Security Council

PCASP

Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel

PCIJ

Permanent Court of International Justice

PMC

private military company

Private Military and Security Company

POC

protection of civilians

PPP

perpetual peace projects

PSC

private security company

PSI

Proliferation Security Initiative

PSNR

Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources

QB

Queen’s Bench Reports

R2P

Responsibility to Protect

RAMSI

Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands

RIAA

Reports of International Arbitral Awards

ROE

rules of engagement

RPA

remotely piloted aircraft

RUF

Revolutionary United Front

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SADCBRIG

South African brigade

SAS

Special Air Service

SCOR

Security Council Official Records

SCR

Supreme Court Reports

SEATO

South East Asia Treaty Organization

SFOR

Stabilization Force

SI

Statutory Instrument

SOLAS

Safety of Life at Sea

SOMA/SOFA

Status of Mission/Status of Forces Agreement

Stat

Statutes at Large

SUA

Suppression of Unlawful Acts

TCC

troop contributing countries

TEZ

total exclusion zone

TFG

Transitional Federal Government

TS

Treaty Series

TWAIL

Third World Approaches to International Law

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UKHL

UK House of Lords Reports

UKTS

UK Treaty Series

UN

United Nations

UNAFIL

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNAMID

African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur

UNAMIR

United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda

UNAMSIL

United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone

UNCIO

United Nations Conference on International Organization

UNDOF

United Nations Disengagement Observer Force

UNEF

United Nations Emergency Force

UNFICYP

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus

UNGA

United Nations General Assembly

UNIFIL

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNISFA

United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei

UNITA

National Union for the Total Independence of Angola

UNITAF

Unified Task Force

United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina

UNMIK

United Nations Mission in Kosovo

UNMIL

United Nations Mission in Liberia

UNMIS

United Nations Mission in Sudan

UNMISET

United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor

UNMISS

United Nations Mission in South Sudan

UNMOGIP

United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan

UNMOVIC

United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission

UNOC

United Nations Operation in the Congo

UNOCI

United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire

UNOMIL

United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia

UNOSOM

United Nations Operation in Somalia

UNPREDEP

United Nations Preventive Deployment Force

UNPROFOR

United Nations Protection Force

UNRRA

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

UNSMIL

United Nations Support Mission in Libya

UNSMIS

United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria

UNTAC

United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia

UNTAET

United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor

UNTS

United Nations Treaty Series

UNTSO

United Nations Truce Supervision Organization

US

US Supreme Court Reports

UST

United States Treaties

VCLT

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

VPD

Vessel Protection Detachment

WEU

Western European Union

Wheat

Wheaton’s US Supreme Court Reports

WHO

World Health Organization

WLR

Weekly Law Reports

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WTO

World Trade Organization