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date: 23 August 2019

(p. lxxxi) List of Abbreviations

(p. lxxxi) List of Abbreviations

ACABQ

Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions

ACC

Administrative Committee on Coordination

ADB

Asian Development Bank

AfCHPR

African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights

AfDB

African Development Bank

AI

Amnesty International

AMC

Advance Market Commitment

AML

anti-money-laundering

AOI

Arab Organization for Industrialization

AP

Additional Protocol

APRICOT

Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies

ASA

Administrative Services Agreement

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ASP

Assembly of State Parties to the Statute of the ICC

AU

African Union

AUP

acceptable use policy

BCSD

Business Council for Sustainable Development

BIS

Bank for International Settlements

BITs

bilateral investment treaties

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa

BWC

Biological Weapons Convention

CARE

Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere

CCJ

Caribbean Court of Justice

CEB

Chief Executives Board for Coordination

CEC

Commission for Environmental Cooperation

CERD

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

CERN

European Organization for Nuclear Research

CFSP

Common Foreign and Security Policy

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CGPCS

Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia

CI

Consumer International

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CJEU

Court of Justice of the European Union

CoE

Council of Europe

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe

CSD

Commission on Sustainable Development

CSO

civil society organization

CSR

corporate social responsibility

CTBT

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

CU

customs union

CWC

Chemical Weapons Convention

DAC

Development Cooperation Directorate

DARIO

Draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations

DDA

Doha Development Agenda

DELC

Division of Environmental Law and Conventions

DCIP

deliberative citizens’ involvement projects

DGI

Data Gaps Initiative

DNS

domain name system

DPKO

Department of Peacekeeping Operations

DPRK

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

DRC

Democratic Republic of the Congo

DSB

Dispute Settlement Body

DSU

Dispute Settlement Understanding

EC

European Community

ECCC

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

ECE

Economic Commission for Europe

ECHR

European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

ECJ

European Court of Justice

ECLAC

Economic Commission for Africa and that for Latin America and the Caribbean

ECOMOG

Economic Community of West African States Monitoring Group

ECOSOC

Economic and Social Council

ECOSOCC

Economic, Social and Cultural Council of the African Union

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

EEA

European Economic Area

EEC

European Economic Community

EFTA

European Free Trade Agreement

EMU

Economic and Monetary Union

ENCD

Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament

EP

European Parliament

ESA

European Space Agency

ESG

environmental, social, and governance

ESM

European Stability Mechanism

EU

European Union

EUCST

European Union Civil Service Tribunal

EULEX

European Union Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo

EWE

Early Warning Exercise

Food and Agricultural Organization

FARDC

Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

FATF

Financial Action Task Force

FCTC

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

FRY

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

FSAP

Financial Sector Assessment Program

FSB

Financial Stability Board

FSC

Forestry Stewardship Council

FSF

Financial Stability Forum

FSIA

Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act

FTA

free-trade area

GA

General Assembly

GAL

global administrative law

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GAVI

Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization

GCTF

Global Counterterrorism Forum

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GFATM

Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria

GFSR

Global Financial Stability Report

GNI

Global Network Initiative

HCPIL

Hague Conference on Private International Law

HLCM

High-Level Committee on Management

HLCP

High-Level Committee on Programs

HLP

High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change

HRRP

Human Rights Review Panel

HST

hegemony stability theory

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IAIS

International Association of Insurance Supervisors

IASB

International Accounting Standards Board

IASC

Inter-Agency Standing Committee

IBRD

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ICA

international commercial arbitration

ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

ICC

International Criminal Court

ICC-BASIS

International Chamber of Commerce Business Action to Support the Information Society

ICComm

International Chamber of Commerce

ICCPR

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICDRA

International Conference of Drug Regulatory Authorities

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICH

International Conference on Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use

ICISS

International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty

International Court of Justice

ICNND

International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament

ICPC

International Criminal Police Commission

ICRC

International Committee of the Red Cross

ICSID

International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes

ICT

information and communication technology

ICTR

International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

ICTY

International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

IDA

International Development Association

IDB

Inter-American Development Bank

IDP

internally displaced person

IDRC

International Development Research Centre

IEC

International Electro-Technical Commission

IEO

international economic organization

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IFA

international financial architecture

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFC

International Finance Corporation

IFI

international financial institution

IGC

intergovernmental conference

IGF

Internet Governance Forum

IGO

intergovernmental organization

IHL

international humanitarian law

IHR

International Health Regulations

IL

international law

ILA

International Law Association

ILC

International Law Commission

ILO

International Labour Organization

ILOAT

Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMO

International Maritime Organization

INGO

international non-governmental organization

IO

international organization

IOE

International Office of Epizootics

IOIA

International Organizations Immunities Act

IOM

International Organization for Migration

IOSCO

International Organization of Securities Commissions

IP

Internet Protocol

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPE

international political economy

IPPC

International Plant Protection Convention

IR

international relations

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

ISP

Internet Service Provider

ITC

International Tin Council

ITLOS

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

ITO

International Trade Organization

International Telecommunication Regulations

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

IXs

internet exchange points

IUOTO

International Union of Official Travel Organizations

KFOR

Kosovo Force (NATO)

LDC

least developed countries

LRTAP

Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution

MAP

Membership Action Plan

MDG

Millennium Development Goal

Mercosur

Mercado Común del Sur

MFN

most-favored nation

MICT

Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals

MIGA

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

MIOS

mainstream international organization scholarship

MONUC

UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

MONUSCO

UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

MoUs

Memoranda of Understanding

MSU

Mediation Support Unit

MTCR

Missile Technology Control Regime

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NANOG

North American Network Operators Group

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NEPAD

New Partnership for Africa’s Development

NGO

nongovernmental organization

NIEO

New International Economic Order

NOGs

network operator groups

NPT

Non-Proliferation Treaty

NSA

National Security Agency

NSF

National Science Foundation

NSG

Nuclear Suppliers Group

NSS

Nuclear Security Summit

NTB

nontariff barriers

NWS

nuclear weapons state

OAS

Organization of American States

OAU

Organization of African Unity

OCA

optimal currency area

OCHA

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

ODA

Official Development Assistance

ODIHR

Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OIC

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Opération des Nations Unies au Congo

OPCW

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

OPEC

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

OSCE

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

PACE

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

PAHO

Pan American Health Organization

PBC

Peacebuilding Commission

PCA

Permanent Court of Arbitration

PCIJ

Permanent Court of International Justice

PIR

Public Interest Registry

PMSC

private military and security company

POC

protection of civilians

POPs

Persistent Organic Pollutants

PPPs

public–private partnerships

PRI

Principles for Responsible Investment

PSI

Proliferation Security Initiative

PSMU

Peace, Security and Mediation Unit

PTBT

Partial Test Ban Treaty

R2P

Responsibility to Protect

RCT

Randomized Control Trial

RD

rational design

RDB

Regional Development Bank

RFC

request for comments

RIA

regional integration agreement

RIRs

Regional Internet Registries

ROSC

Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes

SADC

Southern African Development Community

SARPs

Standards and Recommended Practices

SC

Security Council

SCF

Save the Children Fund

SCO

Shanghai Cooperation Organization

SCSL

Special Court for Sierra Leone

SDG

Sustainable Development Goal

SEATO

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

SEEA

System of Environmental-Economic Accounting

SFRY

Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

SNO

supranational organization

SOFA

Status of Forces Agreement

SPS

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

SSB

standard-setting bodies

STL

Special Tribunal for Lebanon

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TCC

transnational capitalist class

Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TEU

Treaty on European Union

TFEU

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union

TNC

transnational corporation

TNDC

Ten Nation Committee on Disarmament

TPRM

Trade Policy Review Mechanism

TRIPS

Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights

TWAIL

Third World Approaches to International Law

UDHR

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UN

United Nations

UNAdT

UN Administrative Tribunal

UNAT

UN Appeals Tribunal

UNCAC

UN Convention Against Corruption

UNCAPAHI

UN System and Partners’ Consolidated Action Plan for Avian and Human Influenza

UNCC

UN Compensation Commission

UNCED

UN Conference on Environment and Development

UNCITRAL

UN Commission on International Trade Law

UNCLOS

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNCTAD

UN Conference on Trade and Development

UNCTC

UN Commission on Transnational Corporations

UNDG

UN Development Group

UNDP

UN Development Programme

UNDT

UN Dispute Tribunal

UNEP

UN Environment Programme

UNESCO

UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNGA

UN General Assembly

UNHCR

UN High Commissioner for Refugees

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

UNIDO

UN Industrial Development Organization

UNJSPF

UN Joint Staff Pension Fund

UNMIK

UN Mission in Kosovo

UNODC

UN Office on Drugs and Crime

UNRRA

UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

UNSC

UN Security Council

UNSIC

UN System Contributions and Requirements: Strategic Approach

UNTOC

UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

UPU

Universal Postal Union

USCIB

US Council for International Business

WB

World Bank

WBAT

World Bank Administrative Tribunal

WCC

World Council of Churches

WCIT

World Conference on International Telecommunications

WEO

World Economic Outlook

WFP

World Food Programme

World Fair Trade Organization

WGIG

Working Group on Internet Governance

WHA

World Health Assembly

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WMD

weapons of mass destruction

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WOAH

World Organization for Animal Health

WSIS

World Summit on the Information Society

WSSCC

Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council

WTO

World Trade Organization