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date: 12 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter begins with an empirical overview of the multiplication of international courts since the fall of the Berlin Wall. It explains how most international courts (ICs) today emulate the European model of new-style ICs and embedded law enforcement, raising a question of why regions are embracing European-style courts. It then turns to the external and internal forces contributing to the multiplication of ICs and examines three case studies that illustrate how external and internal forces contribute to the multiplication of ICs and the copying of European design models.

Keywords: international courts, embedded law enforcement, European-style courts

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