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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter previews the institutional, legal, and empirical terrain covered by this handbook. It begins by explaining some key definitions and concepts, particularly the fundamental distinctions between adjudicative bodies from diplomatic means and other non-binding procedures; judicial bodies from arbitral bodies; and international adjudicatory mechanisms from their domestic counterparts. It then arranges the dozens of existing international adjudicative bodies into two large groups: arbitral bodies and international judicial bodies, and then further divides these two groups into several sub-groups, according to similarities in structure or function. This is followed by discussions of the challenges faced by international adjudicatory bodies and the major players involved. Finally, the article considers the main theoretical models applied to the study of international adjudication.

Keywords: international adjudicative bodies, judicial bodies, arbitral bodies, international adjudication, theoretical models

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