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date: 17 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the compliance of States with international human rights law. It explains the distinction between judicial and non-judicial compliance mechanisms, focusing on the United Nations (UN) in the context of non-judicial mechanisms and the Council of Europe and the Organization of American States (OAS) in the context of judicial mechanisms. It highlights the central role of the principle of subsidiarity in all international mechanisms for human rights protection and explains that this principle provides a conceptual tool for understanding the relation between the role of states in human rights protection and the role of the international human rights protection mechanisms that states create at the global and regional levels.

Keywords: compliance mechanisms, human rights law, states, United Nations, OAS, Council of Europe, principle of subsidiarity, non-judicial mechanisms, judicial mechanism, human rights protection

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