- Table of National Cases
- Table of Treaties, Declarations, and Other International Instruments
- Table of Abbreviations
- Notes on the Contributors
- Moral Philosophy
- Biological Foundations of Human Rights
- Sociology of Human Rights
- The Psychological Foundations of Human Rights
- Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights
- The Foundations of Justice and Human Rights in Early Legal Texts and Thought
- General Principles and Constitutions as Sources of Human Rights Law
- The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations
- Diplomatic Protection as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Humanitarian Law as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Social Justice, Rights, and Labour
- The Protection of Minorities under the Auspices of the League of Nations
- Human Dignity
- Democracy and the Rule of Law
- The Law-Making Process: From Declaration to Treaty to Custom to Prevention
- Core Rights and Obligations
- <i>Jus Cogens</i> and Obligations <i>Erga Omnes</i>
- Positive and Negative Obligations
- From Commission to the Council: Evolution of UN Charter Bodies
- The Role and Impact of Treaty Bodies
- The Role of International Tribunals: Law-Making or Creative Interpretation?
- Universality and the Growth of Regional Systems
- National Implementation and Interpretation
- Roles and Responsibilities of Non-State Actors
- Interpretation of Human Rights Treaties
- Enforcing Human Rights Through Economic Sanctions
- Transnational Litigation: Jurisdiction and Immunities
- The Use of International Force to Prevent or Halt Atrocities: From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect
- Trade Law and Investment Law
- Creating and Applying Human Rights Indicators
- What Outcomes for Victims?
- Human Rights Make a Difference: Lessons from Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on the regional human rights systems. It suggests that the emergence of these systems constitutes an important dimension of broader participation in the international human rights project because they provide platforms where people from all parts of the world can potentially make their voices heard in the global human rights discourse. It compares the regional human rights systems of Europe, the Americas and Africa and considers other smaller initiatives such as the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
Christof Heyns was appointed UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions in August 2010. He is Professor of Human Rights Law at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, and Co-director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa. He is an adjunct professor at the Washington College of Law of the American University in Washington DC, USA, and teaches in the human rights master’s programme at Oxford University, UK, where he is a Visiting Fellow. He has served as a consultant of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Organization of African Unity/African Union and the South African Human Rights Commission. He has published widely in the field of international human rights law and is a founding co-editor-in-chief of the African Human Rights Law Reports and was a founding co-editor of the African Human Rights Law Journal.
Magnus Killander is a Senior Lecturer and Head of Research at the Center for Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria. He currently serves as Editor-in-Chief for the African Human Rights Law Reports; the Africa Editor for International Human Rights Law, Oxford Reports on International Law; Associate Editor (Africa) for International Law in Domestic Courts, Oxford Reports on International Law; and Co-editor for African Human Rights Law Journal. He is widely published in books and academic journals, with his research largely focusing on African human rights law, African regional integration law, international human rights monitoring mechanisms, relationship between domestic law and international law.
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