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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Swiss lawyer Max Huber was a sociologically oriented theorist of international law as well as a judge and President of the Permanent Court of International Justice. He is also known as an international arbitrator, particularly in the Island of Palmas Case; as a member of the Aaland Commission of the League of Nations; and as president of the International Committee of the Red Cross during the Second World War. Huber’s most important theoretical work is an essay published in 1910 that is usually cited under the title of the 1928 reprint Die soziologischen Grundlagen des Völkerrechts (The Sociological Foundations of International Law). Huber was the first theorist of international law to analyse the influence of socio-psychological factors on the development of international law and the maintenance of peace. He recognized the crucial role of transnational movements and elaborated a theory of the legally binding character of international law.

Keywords: Island of Palmas, Red Cross, international law, Sociological Foundations, International Law, transnational movements

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