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date: 10 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens was the foremost Russian international lawyer of the Tsarist period. His most significant work was the first comprehensive Russian textbook on international law, Contemporary International Law of Civilised Nations (1882–1883). Martens was a frequent contributor to the leading international law journal of his time, Revue de droit international et de législation comparée. He was also a diplomat in the service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, and played a major role in the first Hague Peace Conference of 1899, which was convened at the initiative of Russia. The ‘Martens clause’ remains part of international humanitarian law until today and has been referred to in the jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice. There exist quite different views on the legacy of Martens. One can distinguish between critical-dismissive, defensive-patriotic, and romantic-national views.

Keywords: Martens clause, Russia, international law, Hague Peace Conference, international humanitarian law

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