Abstract and Keywords
Francisco de Vitoria and Francisco Suárez are today’s best-known members of the major 16th- and 17th-century intellectual movement known as the ‘School of Salamanca’ or the ‘second scholastic’. Both of them were by profession theologians, not lawyers. Both of them worked within the heritage of the natural law theology of Thomas Aquinas, mediated through other strands of the scholastic tradition, bending and shaping Thomist teaching to answer questions that the original had not posed. Vitoria addressed the question of the ius gentium both in his regular lectures on Aquinas’s Summa theologiae and in the occasional relectiones given at the end of his lecture courses. Francisco Suárez addressed the question of the ius gentium in the course of his massive treatise On the Laws and God the Lawgiver of 1612. In this work, he developed Vitoria’s position in the commentary on the Secunda secundae.
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