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date: 16 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Contrary to the popular view in Western legal scholarship, which often refers to the 16th–16th-century Dutch jurist, Hugo Grotius, as the ‘father of international law’, Islamic legal scholarship identifies Muhammad al-Shaybānī as having, in that regard, preceded Hugo Grotius by some eight centuries with the compilation and systemization of the rules of Islamic international law under a specialized subject area of Islamic law termed al-Siyar, which covers the laws of war and peace according to the Shari‘ah. This chapter examines al-Shaybānī’s life and legal training, his scholarship, and his contributions to international law.

Keywords: Islamic international law, Hugo Grotius, al-Siyar, Shari‘ah

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