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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter notes that the structure of the United Nations Organisation followed that of the League. However, compared to the League Covenant, the UN Charter is a more comprehensive and consistent document, particularly concerning the concept of war, which was more in line with modern forms of inter-state violence. In 1945, international law had to be re-established after a period of force, terror, and atrocities. Dangerous problems of how to live together peacefully emerged, in view of the deep controversies among States, cultures, and ideologies after the Second World War. Since Eastern and Central Europe were dominated then by the Soviet Union with its dictatorial communist constitution, the conflict with the community of free States in the West, characterized by open societies and democratic constitutions, was predictable. The ‘Cold War’ did not come as a surprise. The fault line of the divided Europe ran through the divided Germany.

Keywords: United Nations Organisation, League Covenant, inter-state violence, 1945, Germany, Cold War, Soviet Union

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