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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on the international law most relevant to Latin Americans, from the wars of independence beginning in 1810 to the middle of the 20th century. The most renowned development was the assertion of a uniquely Latin American international law, equal in rank to general international law. It was premised on the different practices and treaties of American States. However, this was not the only important creation of international law in the region. A range of local events spurred distinct doctrinal developments. For instance, the international recognition of internal belligerents, conferring legal personality on revolutionaries, was reputedly forged in the Spanish American wars of independence. The discussion considers the recognition of belligerency; the right of diplomatic asylum; American and Pan American conferences; American international law; non-intervention; codification of international law; and the Central American Court of Justice.

Keywords: Latin America, international law, American States, belligerency, Central America, Court of Justice, non-intervention

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