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date: 06 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the secularization of international law; international relations between actors of different faiths; religion and war; and international protection of religion. It notes that the history of religion and public international law is a history of secularization and of a development from an internal towards a neutral perspective which treats all religions on an equal footing. In the process of secularization, religion is abandoned as a source, and as a foundation of law, it becomes irrelevant as a factor characterizing international actors who engage in interreligious relations, and no longer serves as a reason for justifying war in the guise of the fight against heretics, the defence of Christianity against Muslim attacks, or the enforceable right to mission. Moreover, the Christian bias of international law is replaced by the equal attribution (or non-attribution) of these entitlements.

Keywords: war and religion, secularization, public international law, Christianity, Muslim, interreligious relations

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