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date: 17 February 2020

(p. xxxv) Table of Legislation

(p. xxxv) Table of Legislation

International Instruments

  • Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air 1929, 137 UNTS 13 (Warsaw Convention) 1028

  • Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere, 1940, 161 UNTS 193 462

  • United Nations Charter 1945 1047, 1050

  • International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946, 161 UNTS 72 474

  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1948 482, 910, 919

    • Art II 911

    • Art II(2)(a) 911

    • Art III 911

    • Art III(1) 911

    • Art III Note Ad (2) 911

    • Art XX 911

    • Art XX (chapeau) 911

    • Art XX (b), (g) 482

  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948 1047, 1050

  • International Plant Protection Convention 1951 481

  • European Convention on Human Rights 1952 152, 355, 436, 980, 1054–5, 1153

  • Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface by the International Civil Aviation Organisation of the ICAO 1952, (Rome Convention) 1028

  • Interim Convention on Conservation of North Pacific Fur Seals 1957, 4546 UNTS 298 474

  • Antarctic Treaty 1959 839

  • Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention 1960 (1963, 1041 UNTS 358) (Brussels Supplementary Convention; Protocols from 1964, 1982 and 2004) 1027

  • Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage 1963, 1063 UNTS 265 (Vienna Convention) 1027

  • Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, 1963, 480 UNTS 43 398

  • Outer Space Treaty (Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 1967 839

  • African Convention for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 1968, 1001 UNTS 4 (revised 2017) 449, 462, 475

  • Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy 1960, 956 UNTS 251 (Paris Convention; Protocols from 1964, 1982 and 2004) 1027

  • International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants 1968 (revised 1972, 1978, and 1991) 525

  • American Convention on Human Rights 1960 980, 1054

  • Convention for the Conservation of Vicuna 1969 476

  • Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969 175

  • Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969 228 (p. xxxvi)

  • Declaration of Principles Governing the Seabed and the Ocean-floor, and the Subsoil thereof, beyond the Limits of National Jurisdiction 1970 448

  • Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat 1971, 996 UNTS 245 (Ramsar Convention) 346, 422, 433–5, 436, 458, 464, 469, 836, 838, 894

  • International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage 1971 (superseded by Protocol of 1992, as amended) 1027

  • Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972 1037 UNTS 151 62, 457, 470, 839, 1166, 1177

  • Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals 1972, 1080 UNT 165 476

  • Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matters (London Convention) 1972 777, 1174, 1177, 1178

  • Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment 1972 (Stockholm Declaration) 152, 168, 655, 1050–1, 1172, 1174, 1175

  • Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears 1973 476

  • Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) 1973 175, 228, 1168

  • Convention Establishing a Permanent Inter-State Drought Control Committee for the Sahel 1974 450

  • Nordic Convention on the Protection of the Environment 1974

  • Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea 1974, 1463 UNTS 20 (amended by Protocol of 2002) 1029

  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora 1975 218–19, 309, 462, 482–4, 894, 1169

  • Belgrade Charter 1976 954

  • Tbilisi Declaration 1977 50–1, 954

  • Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1978 243

  • Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies 1979 839

  • Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats 1979 (Bern Convention) 836

  • Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution 1979, 1302 UNTS 217 399–400

    • Art 1(b) 399

    • Art 2 400

    • Protocols 399

    • Gothenburg Protocol 1999 405

  • Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals 1979, 1651 UNTS 333 462, 465, 474, 477

  • Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural habitats 1979 462, 465, 470, 474–5, 476, 478

  • Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources 1980 839, 849

  • African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights 1981 1055

  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982, 1833 UNTS 397 168, 228, 448, 848–9, 880, 1168, 1170, 1179, 1181

    • Art 193 848

    • Pt XI and Agreement relating to the implementation of Part XI of the of 10 December 1982 (1994) 849

  • United Nations World Charter for Nature 1982 168, 655, 1051–2

  • Protocol Concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region 1995

  • ASEAN Agreement on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 1985

  • Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer 1985 307, 572

  • Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal 1989, 1673 UNTS 57 167, 307, 619–20, 733, 1028, 1169

    • Art 4(1) 619

    • Arts 4(2)(f), 4(3) 620

    • Art 4(6) 619

    • Arts 4(7)(b) and 9(1)–(4) 620

  • Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region 1986 470

  • Joint Protocol relating to the application of the Vienna Convention and the Paris Convention 1988, 1672 UNTS 293 1027

  • San Salvador Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights 1988 1054

  • Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused during Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail, Road, and Inland Navigation Vessels 1989 1028

  • Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 1989 553, 572–3, 1169

  • International Labour Organization, Convention No. 169, Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries 1989 106, 281, 290, 1167

  • Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer 1989 307

  • North American Free Trade Agreement 1989 126

  • Bamako Convention on the ban on the Import into Africa and the Control of Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within Africa 1991 620

  • Alpine Convention 1991 450

  • Protocol for the Implementation of the Alpine Convention of 1991 in the Field of Soil Protection 1991 450

  • Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context 1991, 1989 U.N.T.S. 310 (Espoo Convention) 880, 895, 896, 982

  • Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty 1991 839, 880, 887

    • Art 5 895

    • Annex I, Arts 2, 3, 8(1) 887

    • App V 895

  • Protocol of 1992 to amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1992, 1956 UNTS 255 (amended by Protocol of 2000) 1027

  • United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity 1992, 1760 UNTS 79 168, 308, 316, 346, 434, 444, 446, 448, 456, 463, 464–8, 470, 474, 475, 477, 478–9, 481, 487, 848, 850, 892, 894, 1171

  • Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) to the Convention on Biological Diversity Article 15 and Annex 465

  • Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 1992 168, 257, 466, 655–6, 657, 658, 659, 661, 662, 663, 880, 906, 1087, 1172, 1174, 1175

  • United Nations Conference on Environment and Development Non-legally Binding Authoritative Statement of Principles for the Management, Conservation and Sustainable Development of All Types of Forests 1992 (Statement of Forest Principles 1992) 443, 444

    • Principles 2(b), 8(b ) 443

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 1992 72, 240, 269, 316, 444, 446–7, 448, 500, 545, 569, 572, 573, 660, 773, 774, 788, 979, 1080, 1163, 1171, 1175, 1180

  • UNECE Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes 1992, 1936 UNTS 269

  • Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment 1993 (Lugano Convention) 1038

  • ILO Convention on the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents 1993, 1967 UNTS 231

    • Arts 15 and 16 979

  • Southern Bluefin Tuna Convention 1993

  • Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 1994 526–7, 528, 529

  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa 1994 440, 444, 445, 448, 456, 458

    • Art 1 445

    • Art 1(f) 440

    • Arts 8 (c) (f), 19(e) 456

    • Art 10(i)(d) 445

    • Annex I 445

    • Annex II, Art 4(1)(h) 445

    • Annexes III-IV 445

    • Annex V, Art 2(b) 445

  • Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (the SCM Agreement) 1995 910, 911

  • Agreement for Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin 1995 431

  • Convention to ban the importation into Forum island countries of hazardous and radioactive wastes and to control the transboundary movement and management of hazardous wastes within the South Pacific Region 1995 (Waigani Convention) 2161 UNTS 91, 620

  • Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures 1995 (WTO) 481

  • Protocol concerning Specially protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean 1995 470

  • Convention on the Protection of the Alps 1996 470

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1996 1050, 1174

  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1996 1050

  • International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 1028

  • Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage 1997 1027

  • Declaration of Thessaloniki (UNESCO) 1997 955

  • Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change 1997 75, 269, 316, 447, 456, 536, 537, 541, 545, 571, 1163, 1180, 1181

    • Preamble, paras 2, 4 456

    • Art 2(a)(iii) 456

    • Arts 3, 5 447

  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Non-Navigational Uses of International Watercourses 1997 432 (p. xxxix)

  • Protocol to amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage 1997, 2241 UNTS 270 1027

  • Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters 1998, 2161 UNTS 447 155, 192, 208, 209, 210, 355, 368, 369, 370, 734, 803, 896, 982–3, 984, 985–8, 1049, 1063, 1077, 1087, 1089, 1168, 1178, 1170

  • Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent 1998 307

  • Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air 1999, 2242 UNTS 309 (Montreal Convention) 1028

  • Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Trans-boundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-Level Ozone 1999 405

  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity 2000, 2226 UNTS 208 167, 512, 514, 519, 520, 1028

  • Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean 2000, 1102 UNTS 27 (EU Natura 2000) 467, 473

  • Millennium Declaration 2000 425

  • International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage 2001 1027

  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants 2001 307, 592

  • ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution 2002 400

  • UN World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development 2002 662, 1175

  • Protocol on Civil Liability and Compensation for Damage Caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes and to the 1992 Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents 2003 1028

  • International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments 2004 481

  • International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization 2004 529

  • Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade 2004 591

  • Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians 2006 471

  • United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples 2007 111, 457–8, 892

  • Millennium Assessment 2008 434

  • ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution 2009 303

  • Bonn Declaration 2009 955, 956

  • Kiev Protocol to Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers 2009, 26 UNTS 119 990–1

    • Art 4 991

    • Art 7, 7(5) and (6) 991

  • International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 2010 1028

  • Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety 2010 1028

  • Tirana Declaration 2011 442

  • ASEAN Human Rights Declaration 2012 1054

  • Minamata Convention on Mercury 2013

  • World Soil Charter 2014 451

  • Paris Agreement 2015 178, 186, 240, 269, 316, 411, 447–8, 853, 1110, 1163

  • United Nations Sustainable Goals 2015 425, 443, 446, 451–3, 492, 848, 995, 956, 957

  • IUCN World Declaration on the Environmental Rule of Law 2016 98, 663

  • Agreement for Cooperation Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of India Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy (123 Agreement) 2016 570

  • African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources 2017 450–1

  • Escazu Agreement on Access to Information, Participation and Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean 2018 1063

  • United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement 2018 126

Domestic Instruments

Angola

Legislation

  • Constitution of the Republic of Angola 1992

Argentina

Legislation

  • Constitution of Argentina 1853

  • Civil Code

  • Decree-law 18.594/70 466

  • Law on Seeds and Phytogenetic Creations [Ley de Semillas y Creaciones Fitogéneticas [L.S.]], Ley 20247, Boletin Oficial [B.O.], 30 March 1973 514

  • Ley No. 24.295, 11 de enero de 1994, [LIV-A] A.D.L.A. 1994 536

  • Ley No. 25.438, 20 de junio de 2001 [LXI-D] A.D.L.A. 4022 536

  • Ley No. 26.190, B.O. 2.1.2007 (Framework for the National Promotion for the Production and Use of Renewable Sources of Electric Energy) 536

  • Law on the Promotion of the Development and Production of Modern Biotechnology [Ley de Promoción del Desarrollo y Producción de la Biotecnología Moderna [L.B.], Ley 20270, B.O, 25 July 2007 514

  • Ley No. 26.331, 19 de diciembre de 2007 [LXVIII-A] A.L.D.A (Minimum Standards for the Environmental Protection of Native Forests) 536

  • Ley No. 25.675, B.O. 28.11.2002 (General Environmental Act) 536

  • Ley No. 27.191, B.O. 21.10.2015 536

  • Buenos Aires Law 14,343

Regulations

  • Decreto No. 822/1998. 34 536

  • Decreto No. 2213/2002 (Designating Secretary of the SAyDS Implementing Authority for Law No. 24.295 (UNFCCC ratification) 536

  • Decreto No. 1070/2005. 35 536

  • Resolution No. 98/2007 and 1973/2007 issued by the Secretariat of Finance and the Secretariat of Environment and Sustainable Development 641

  • Consejo Federal del Medio Ambiente, Resolución No. 166 de 1 de april de 2009 536

  • Resolución No. 195 de 4 de septiembre de 2010 536

Australia

Legislation

  • Constitution of Australia 435 (p. xli)

  • Forestry Act 1920 (Tas)

    • s 7 71

    • s 8(1)(c) 71

  • Soil Conservation Act 1938 (NSW) 439, 456

  • Soil and Land Conservation Act 1945 (WA) 456

  • Environment Protection Act 1970 (Vic)

    • s 1A(3) 67

    • ss 1C and 1D 67

    • ss 1G, 1H and 1L 67

    • s 4(1) 66

    • s 16 67

    • s 39(1) 66

    • s 39(2) 66

  • Environment Protection (Impact of Proposals) Act 1974 61

  • National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NSW) 68, 69

    • s 30A(1) 69

    • s 41 69

    • s 45(1)(a) 69

    • s 98(2)(a) 69

    • s 118A(1) and (2) 69

    • s 118C(1) 69

    • s 151 69

    • Pt 9 69

  • Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth)

  • Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (NSW) 79

  • Freedom of Information Act 1982 (Cth) 734

  • World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 (Cth) 62, 63

  • Environmental Protection Act 1986 (WA)

  • Planning and Environment Act 1987 (Vic)

    • s 4(1) 72

    • s 6(1) 72

    • s 12(2) 72

  • Wilderness Act 1987 (NSW) 68–9

  • Crown Lands Act 1989 (NSW)

    • s 11 70

    • s 11(a), (b) and (e) 71

  • Water Act 1989 (Vic)

  • Protection of the Environment Administration Act 1991 (NSW)

  • Development Act 1993 (SA)

    • s 3(c) 71

  • Environment Protection Act 1993 (SA) 611, 614

  • Environment Protection Act 1994 (Qld) 64, 67–8

  • Aircraft Noise Levy Act 1995 916–17

  • Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995

  • Contaminated Land Management Act 1997 (NSW)

  • Environment Protection Act 1997 (ACT) 745–6

  • Rural Fires Act 1997 (NSW) 744

    • ss 100Q-100R 744

  • Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 (NSW) 612, 613, 727–8, 974

    • s 72 739

    • ss 91, 95, 96, 101, and 104 77

    • ss 115, 116, 142A, 143–145 612

    • s 175 740

    • s 250 (1)(d) 740

    • Pt 6.3 740

    • Ch 3 612

    • Sch 1, paras 9, 12, 16, 34, 36, 39, 40, 41, 42, 47, and 48 612 (p. xlii)

  • Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1999 (NSW)

    • s 79C(1)(e) 664

  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) 61, 64, 894, 897, 1169

  • Renewable Energy (Electricity) Act 2000 (Cth)

    • ss 1(c), (e), (g), (h), and (i) 74

    • s 3 74

    • s 17 (1), (2), (3), and (4) 74

    • Sch. 1 74

  • Water Act 2000 (Qld) 64

  • Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2001 (Cth)

    • s 3(2) 75

  • Waste Avoidance and Recovery Act 2001 (NSW) 615, 618, 622, 623

  • Contaminated Sites Act 2003 (WA) 635, 637, 641

  • Legislation Act 2003 (Cth) 723

  • Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004 (Qld)

  • Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 74–5

  • Water Act 2007 (Cth) 65, 435

  • Government Information (Public Access) Act 2009 (NSW) 734

  • Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011 74

  • Clean Energy Regulator Act 2011 (Cth) 722

  • Heritage Act 2011 (NT)

    • s 3(1)(a) 70

    • s 10 70

    • s 11 70

    • s 12(1) 70

    • ss 17 and 18 70

    • s 139(3) 70

    • Pt 3.1. 70

    • Pt 3.2. 70

  • Forestry Act 2012 (NSW) 727

  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Amendment Act 2013 (Cth)

    • Sch. 1 64

  • Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016

    • s 6.10–6.13 741

    • s 6.17 741

    • s 6.19 741

    • Pt 5, Div 3 and 4 744

    • Pt 6, Div 2, 3 and 4 741

  • Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Amendment (Container Deposit Scheme) Act 2016 (NSW) 745

  • Climate Change Act 2017 (Vic) 75

    • ss 23 and 24 73

  • Environment Protection (Waste Reform) Amendment Act 2017 (SA) 614

Regulations

  • Environmental Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW)

  • Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Regulations 2000, Statutory Rules No. 181, 2000

    • Sch. 4, s. 4.01(d) 895

  • Threatened Species Conservation (Biodiversity Banking) Regulation 2008 486

  • Protection of the Environment (Waste) Regulation 2014 618

  • Administrative Arrangements Order 2015 (Cth)

  • Administrative Arrangements (Administrative Changes—Public Service Agencies) Order (No. 2) 2015 (NSW) 726

  • Administrative Arrangements (Administrative of Acts—General) Order 2015 (NSW) 726 (p. xliii)

  • Administrative Arrangements (Administrative Changes—Public Service Agencies) Order (No. 2) 2015 (NSW) 726

  • Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code 2016 514, 523

Austria

Legislation

  • Civil Code

  • Gene-technology Act

  • Wasserrechtsgesetz (Water Law)

Belgium

Legislation

  • Civil Code

  • Decree of the Flemish Parliament of 27 October 2006, relating to soil clean-up and soil Protection, as amended 643

  • Walloon Soil Management Decree, 5 December 2008 633, 637, 641

Bolivia

Legislation

  • Decree-Law 12301, on wildlife, national parks, hunting and fishing Art 2 474

  • Law of the Rights of Mother Earth 2010 1060

  • Framework Law of Mother Earth and Integral Development for Living Well 2012 1060

Brazil

Legislation

  • Constitution of Brazil

    • Title II, Ch I, Art 5, para 73 1078

    • Tiutle VII, Ch 6, Art 225 1078

  • Civil Code 2002 1030

  • Water Code 1934 85

  • Criminal Code, Código Penal, Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de dezembro de 1940 85

  • Forest Code, Lei No. 4.771, de 15 de setembro de 1965 (superseded by Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de maio de 2012 90, 93, 94, 96

    • Art 3, IV and 4 96

  • Hunting Code, Lei No. 5.197, de 3 de janeiro de 1967 90

  • Mining Code, Decreto-Lei No. 227, de 28 de fevereiro de 1967 90

  • National Environmental Policy Act, Lei No. 6.938, de 31 de agosto de 1981 90–2, 639

    • Art. 3, and Art 3, I, 3, III, 3, V, Art. 3, IV 91

    • Arts 8, II and 9, III 92

    • Art 14 91, 92, 1039

    • Art. 14, § 1 91, 1031

  • Public Civil Action Act, Lei No. 7.347, de 24 de julho de 1985 90, 101

  • Fauna Protection Act, Lei de Proteção à Fauna, 1988 (renaming Hunting Code) 90

  • Lei No. 7.735, de 22 de fevereiro de 1989 99

  • Consumer Protection Code (Law 8078/1990) 1030

  • Biosafety Law, No. 8.974 of 5 January 1995 517

  • National Water Resources Policy Act, Lei da Política Nacional de Recursos Hídricos, Lei No. 9.433, de 8 de janeiro de 1997 85, 97, 426

  • Environmental Crimes Act, Lei dos Crimes contra o Meio Ambiente, Lei No. 9.605, de 12 de fevereiro de 1998 85, 97, 1130

    • Arts 2, 22, 29–69 97

    • Art 54(3) 674

    • Ch V 97

  • Federal Constitution, Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1998 84–5, 87, 94, 102–3, 106, 675

    • Art 5, LXXIII 89

    • Art 20 84

    • Art 20, § 1 84

    • Art 20, III and IX 84

    • Art 23 86

    • Art 24, VI 85, 93

    • Art 26 84 (p. xliv)

    • Art 41 637

    • Art 103–A 102

    • Art 105, III 101

    • Art 127, §§ 2, 3 101

    • Art 129 101

    • Art 129, caput, III 89

    • Art 170, cl. VI 89

    • Art 174, § 3 89

    • Art 176 94

    • Art 186, II 88

    • Art 200, cl. VIII 89

    • Art 216, cl. V 89

    • Art 220, § 3, cl. II 89

    • Art 225 105, 518, 674

    • Art 225, caput 85, 87

    • Art 225, para 1 87

    • Art 225, para 4 105

    • Art 231, § 1 88, 89

  • Lei No. 9.985, de 18 de julho de 2000 96

    • Art 21 96

  • Civil Code, Código Civil, Lei No. 10.406, de 10 de janeiro de 2002 85, 104

    • Art 1228, § 1 104

  • Biosafety Law, No.11, 105 of 24 March d 518

  • Lei No. 11.428, de 22 de dezembro de 2006 96

  • Lei No. 11.516, de 28 de agosto de 2007 100

  • Environmental Code of the State of Santa Catarina, Lei 14.675, 2009 85

  • Lei No. 12.187, de 29 de Dezembro de 2009, Diário 97, 534

  • National Solid Waste Act, Lei No. 12.305, de 2 de agosto de 2010 98, 622

    • Arts 3 and 6 622

  • Complementary Act 140, Lei Complementar No. 140, de 8 de dezembro de 2011 100

    • Art 3 86

    • Arts 7, 8, 9 and 13 86

  • Forest Code, Código Florestal, Lei No. 12.651, de 25 de maio de 2012 85, 88, 93–6, 99, 103, 104, 105

    • Art 4, III and 4, § 2 99

    • Art 12 95

    • Arts 29–30 95

    • Art 61–A, § 14 99

    • Art 70, I-III 9

  • Lei No. 12.805, de 29 de Abril de 2013, Diário Oficial da União [D.O.U.], Seção 1, 30.04.2013 551

  • Forest Code of the State of Minas Gerais, Lei Estadual No. 20.922, de 16 de outubro de 2013 85, 93

  • Civil Procedure Code of 2015 102

Regulations

  • Environmental Impact Assessment (CONAMA Regulation No. 1 of 1986 and No. 237 of 1997) 92–3

    • Art 2, 3, and 8 92

    • Art 2, Annex 1 92

    • Art 9 93

  • Decreto No. 4.680, de 24 de Abril de 2003 523

  • Normative Resolution No. 5, of 12 March 2008 158

    • Art 20, para 2 518

  • Decreto No. 6.660, de 21 de novembro de 2008 96

  • National Environmental Council Resolution No. 420/2009 633, 641

  • Decreto Nº 7.390, de 9 de Dezembro de d 534

  • Decreto No. 7.819, de 3 de October de 2012 560

  • Decreto No. 8.437, de 22 de abril de 2015

    • Art. 3, caput, VI 86

Canada

Legislation

  • Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Vict., c. 3 693

    • s 91, 92 908

    • s 91(2A), 91(10), 91(12), (24), 92(8), (10), (13), (16), 92A, and 109 112

  • Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, CQLR, c. C-12 113

  • Constitution Act, 1982 (Sch. B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK) c. 11

  • Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act, RSC 1985, c. O-7

  • Food and Drugs Act, RSC, 1985, c.F-27 523

  • National Energy Board Act, RSC 1985, c. N-7

  • Environmental Rights Act, RSNWT 1988, c. 83 (Supp), (Northwest Territories)

  • Environmental Protection Act, RSO 1990, c. E.19, s. 14 (Ontario) 115 (p. xlv)

  • Civil Code of Quebec, CQLR c. CCQ-1991 118

    • ss 976, 1457, 1465 118

  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 1992 c. 37

  • Ontario Environmental Bill of Rights, SO 1993, c. 28 113

  • Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, SC 1994, c. 22

  • Environment Act, SNS 1994–95, c. 1, (Nova Scotia)

  • Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, SC 1998, c. 25 (Northwest Territories) 116

  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, SC 1999, c. 33 537, 560, 591, 610

  • Environment Act, RSY 2002, c. 76, (Yukon Territory)

  • Pest Control Products Act, SC 2002, c. 28

  • Species at Risk Act, SC 2002, c. 29

  • Act to amend the Criminal Code (criminal liability of organizations), S.C. 2003, c. 21 125

  • Yukon Environmental and Socio-Economic Assessment Act, SC 2003, c. 7 116

  • Environmental Management Act 2003

  • Emission Reduction Incentives Agency Act, S.C. 2005, c. 30

  • Endangered Species Act, SO 2007, c. 6, (Ontario)

  • Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act, SNS 2007, c. 7 (Nova Scotia) 121

  • Carbon Tax Act, 2008 S.B.C, ch. 40 (British Columbia) 540–1, 548, 920, 921–2

  • Federal Sustainable Development Act, SC 2008, c. 33 121, 823, 827

  • Environmental Enforcement Act, SC 2009, c. 14 120

  • Toxics Reduction Act, 2009, SO 2009, c. 19 (Ontario) 115

  • Environmental Enforcement Act, SC 2009, c. 14 120

  • Toxics Reduction Act, 2009, SO 2009, c. 19 (Ontario) 115

  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, SC 2012, c. 19 884, 888

  • Nunavut Planning and Project Assessment Act, SC 2013, c. 14

  • Protection of Public Participation Act, 2015, SO 2015, c. 23 (Ontario) 119

  • Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act, d, SO 2016, c. 12, Sch. 1 (Ontario) 115

  • Cutting Unnecessary Red Tape Act, 2017, SO 2017, c. 20 (Ontario) 115

Regulations

  • Agreement between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area and Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada (25 May 1993) 110

  • Code of Civil Procedure, CQLR c. C-25.01 (Quebec)

    • ss. 51–56 119

  • Order Adding Toxic Substances to Schedule 1 to the 1999 Canadian Environmental Protection Act, SOR/2005–345 537

  • Passenger Automobile and Light Truck GHG Emissions Regulations, SOR/2010–201 537, 560 (p. xlvi)

  • Prohibition of Certain Toxic Substances Regulations, SOR/2012–285 592

  • Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Coal-fired Generation of Electricity Regulations, SOR/2012–167 537

  • Heavy-duty Vehicle and Engine Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations, SOR/2013–24 560

  • Regulations Amending the Passenger Automobile and Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulations, SOR/2014–207 537

Chile

Legislation

  • Ley No. 20.283, 11 de julio de 2008, Diario Official [D.O.], sobre Recuperación del Bosque Nativo y Fomento Forestal [Law of Recuperation of Native Forest and Promotion of Forests] 551

  • Ley No. 20–936, de 20 de julio de 2016, Diario Official [D.O.], establece un Nuevo Sistema de Transmisión Eléctrica y crea un Organismo Coordinador Independiente del Sistema Eléctrico Nacional [establishing a New System of Electricity Transmission and Creating an Independent National Electricity Coordinating Authority] 563

China

Legislation

  • Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Zones 1990 139

  • Civil Procedure Law 132, 136

  • Criminal Law 132, 135

  • Criminal Procedure Law 132, 136

  • General Rules of Civil Law 132, 135–6

  • Law on Administrative Litigation 132, 136

  • Law on Administrative Punishment 132, 136

  • Law on Public Servants of PRC 146

  • Law on Supervision over Administration of the PRC 146

  • Legislation Law 134

  • Property Law 132, 136

  • Environmental Protection Law of PRC 1979 134

  • Organic Law of the People’s Courts 1983 140

    • Arts 2, 7, 12 and 13 140

  • Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law of PRC 1988 411

  • Environmental Protection Law of PRC 1989 134, 138, 143, 519

  • Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Zones 1990

  • Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Zones 1993

  • Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law of PRC 2000 411, 412, 413

    • Arts 18, 32–85 411

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Law of PRC 2003

  • Constitution of People’s Republic of China 2004 139, 411

  • Renewable Energy Law of the People’s Republic of China 2006, amended 2010 552

  • Circular Economy Promotion Law 2008 624

  • Prevention and Control of Water Pollution of Law of PRC 2008

  • Tort Law of 26 December 2009 (decree of the President of the People’s Republic of China No. 21) 1029

  • Law of Mongolia on Water 3.1.19 (2012) 423

  • Environmental Protection Law of PRC 2014 132, 133–5, 137, 138, 144, 146, 398

  • Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law of PRC 2016 398, 411–13, 414, 416

  • Wildlife Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China 2016 463

Regulations

  • Regulations on Administration of Agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms Safety, promulgated by State Council, 23 May 2001, revised 8 January 2011 519

  • GB 27999–2011 (imposing per-vehicle emissions limits and corporate average fuel consumption standard) 560

  • GB XXXXX-2016, Fuel consumption limits for heavy-duty commercial vehicles [Stage 3] (4 April 2016) 560

Costa Rica

Legislation

  • Constitution of Costa Rica

  • Law 7317, on the conservation of wildlife

Regulations

  • Measures for the Accountability of the Party and Government Leading Cadres in the Ecological Environment Damage (for Trial Implementation, 2015) 145

Czech Republic

Legislation

  • Constitution of the Czech Republic

Denmark

Legislation

  • Soil Contamination Act, Consolidated Act no. 1427 633, 641

    • ss 41 and 48 637

Dominican Republic

  • Pesticides Control Amendment Act 1169

  • Water and Sewerage Act 1169

Ecuador

  • Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador 2008 1060, 1062

Egypt

Legislation

  • Law No. 4 of 1994 (Environmental Law)

European Union

Treaties

Directives

  • EC Directive 67/548 relating to the Classification, Packaging, and Labelling of Dangerous Substances, OJ 1967 L 196/1 151, 1000

  • EC Directive 70/157 relating to the Permissible Sound Level and the Exhaust System of Motor Vehicles, OJ 1970 L 42/16 151, 152

  • EC Council Directive 70/220/EC [1998] OJ L350/1 197, 403

  • EC Directive 73/404 relating to detergents, OJ 1973 L 347/51 152

  • EC Directive 76/464 on pollution caused by certain dangerous substances discharged into the aquatic environment of the Community, OJ 1976 L 129/23 152

  • EC Directive 77/102, OJ 1977 No. L32 403

  • EC Directive 78/319 on toxic and dangerous waste, OJ 1978 L 84/43 152

  • EC Directive 78/1015 on the permissible sound level and exhaust system of motorcycles OJ 1978 L 349/21 152

  • Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds [1979] OJ L103/1 (now consolidated as Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds [2010] OJ L20/7) and Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora [1992] OJ L206/7 434, 462–3, 840, 849, 1085

  • EC Directive 82/501 on the major-accident hazards of certain industrial activities, OJ 1982 L 230/1 152

  • Directive 84/360 /EC on the combating of air pollution from industrial plants, OJ 1984 L 188/20 152, 402

  • EC Directive 84/631/EC, 20 December 1984 on Transfrontier Shipment of Hazardous Waste 619

  • EC Directive 85/210 concerning the lead content of petrol, OJ 1985 L 96/25 152

  • EU Council Directive 85/337 on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Public and Private Projects on the Environment, [1985] OJ 1 175/40, subsequently amended by EC, Council Directive 97/11, EC, Council Directive 03/35, and EC, Council Directive 09/31 880, 896, 897, 1087

  • Council Directive 85/374/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning liability for defective products [1985] OJ L210/29, as amended by Directive 1999/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 May 1999 [1999] OJ L141/20 1032, 1103

  • Directive 88/609/EC on the control and limitation of air emissions from large combustion plants 402 (p. xlix)

  • Directive 89/369/EC on the incineration of municipal waste 402

  • Directive 89/429/EC on the incineration of municipal waste 402

  • Council Directive 91/676/EEC of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources [1991] OJ L375/1 203

  • Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora 154, 160–1, 205, 364, 434, 463, 464, 467, 471, 472, 478, 486, 635, 698, 849

  • Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste, 31.12.1994, OJ L 365/10 154, 158–9, 204, 617, 621, 624

  • Directive 94/63/EC on the control of volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions resulting from the storage of petrol and its distribution from terminals to service stations, OJ 1994 No. L365 403 617

  • Directive 96/59 on the disposal of polychlorinated biphenyls and polychlorinated terphenyls (PCB/ PCT) [1996] OJ L243/31, amended in 2009: [2009] OJ L188/25 617

  • Council Directive 96/61/EC of 24 September 1996 concerning Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control [1996] OJ L257/25 198, 199, 207, 402, 863

  • Directive 96/62/EC of 27 September 1996 on ambient air quality assessment and management, OJ 1996 No. L296 404, 405

  • Directive 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions 528

  • Directive 98/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to measures to be taken against air pollution by emissions from motor vehicles and amending Council Directive 70/220/EEC [1998] OJ L350/1 197

  • Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels, OJ 1998 No. L350, as amended by Directive 2015/1513/EU, OJ 2015 No. L 239 403

  • Directive 1999/30/EC relating to limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air, OJ 1999 No. L163 404

  • Council Directive 1999/31/EC, O.J. (L 182), 16.7.1999, (landfill of waste) 552, 624

  • Directive 2000/53 [2000] OJ L269/34, on End-of-Life Vehicles 617, 621

  • Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the Field of Water Policy, OJL 327 159–60, 201–2, 207, 361, 423–4, 449, 698, 869, 870

  • Directive 2000/69/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2000 relating to limit values for benzene and carbon monoxide in ambient air, OJ 2000 No. L313 404

  • Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220 513, 516

    • Art 12(1), (3) 865

    • Art 23 865

  • Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programmes on the environment, OJ L 197, 21/07/2001 156, 884–5, 896, 974

  • Directive 2001/81/EC on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants, OJ 2001 No. L309/22 404, 405

  • Council Directive 2002/91, O.J. (L 1) 557, 1085

  • Directive 2003/2/EC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of arsenic (tenth adaptation to technical progress to Council Directive 76/769/EEC), OJ 2003 No. L004 404

  • Directive 2003/4/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on public access to environmental information and repealing Council Directive 90/313/EEC 155, 973, 978, 983

  • Directive 2003/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 providing for public participation in respect of the drawing up of certain plans and programmes relating to the environment and amending with regard to public participation and access to justice Council Directives 85/337/EEC and 96/61/EC 155, 192, 208

  • Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC, OJ 2003 No. L275 415, 547, 1085

  • Council Directive 2003/96/EC of 27 October 2003 restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity, 2003 O.J. L 283/51 908, 912

  • EC Directive 2004/35/CE of the European Parliament and of the Council on 21 April 2004 on environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage, 30 April 2004, OJ L 143/56 154, 156–7, 163, 176, 205, 848, 1040–1, 1095

  • Directive 2004/107/EC relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air, OJ 2005 No. L23 404

  • EU Directive 2006/21 on the Management of Waste from Extractive Industries and amending Directive 2004/35, [2006] OJ L102 617

  • Council Directive 2006/40/EC, O.J. (L 161/12), 12–18, 17.05.2006 (regulating emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles) 553

  • Directive 2006/66/EC (6 September 2006) on Batteries and Accumulators 617, 621

  • Council & Parliament Regulation (EC) 2006/1907 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) (precautionary principle) 670

  • Directive 2008/1/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control, Integrated into Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions 339

  • Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe 162, 178, 360, 404, 405, 698, 777

  • Directive 2008/56/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 establishing a framework for community action in the field of marine environmental policy 870–1

  • EC Directive 2008/98/EC on waste and repealing certain Directives, 19 November 2008, (22.11.2008) OJ L 312/3 157–8, 203, 345, 552, 609–10, 611, 612, 613, 615, 624, 697, 1123

  • Directive 2008/99/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on the protection of the environment through criminal law 163, 175, 179

  • Directive 2008/101/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to include aviation activities in the scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community 161, 162, 573, 1125, 1130

  • Directive 2008/105/EC on environmental quality standards for surface waters 201

  • Council Directive 2009/31 O.J. (on the geological storage of carbon dioxide) 568

  • Directive 2009/125/EC establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-related products, OJ 2009 No. L285 404

  • Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds 154, 160–1, 364, 471, 475, 476, 478, 777

  • Council Directive 2010/31, O.J. (L 153) (regarding the energy performance of buildings) 557

  • Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) [2010] OJ L334/17 163, 198, 359, 402–3, 863

  • Directive 2011/92/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment 154, 156

    • Annex 4, para 7 975

  • Directive 2012/19/EU (4 July 2012) on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment 621

  • Council Directive 2012/27, amending Council Directives 2009/125 and 2010/30 and repealing Directives 2004/8 and 2006/32) 557, 1085

  • Council Directive 2014/95, O.J. (L 330), 15.11.2014, 1 (amending Council Directive 2013/34/EU regarding disclosure of non-financial and diversity information by certain large undertakings and groups) 550

  • Directive 2015/720 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2015 Amending Directive 94/62/EC as Regards Reducing the Consumption of Lightweight Plastic Bag Carriers, 2015 O.J. (L 115/11) 916

  • Directive 2016/2284 on the reduction of national emissions of certain atmospheric pollutants, amending Directive 2003/35/EC and repealing Directive 2001/81/EC, OJ 2016 No. L344 405, 698

Regulations

  • Council Regulation (EEC) No. 729/70 of 21 April 1970 on the financing of the common agricultural policy (OJ 1970 No. L94/13) 498

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 2141/70 of 20 October 1970 laying down a common structural policy for the fishing industry (OJ 1970 No. L236/1) 498

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 2057/82 498

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 170/83 498

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 171/83 498

  • Council Regulation 880/92/EEC on a Community eco-label award scheme, OJ 99 11.4.1992 992

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 3760/92

    • Arts 5, 7(1) and 8(3) 498

  • Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2078/92 of 30 June 1992 on agricultural production methods compatible with the requirements of the protection of the environment and the maintenance of the countryside 846

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 2847/93 establishing a control system applicable to the common fisheries policy, OJ 1993 No. L261/1 498 (p. lii)

  • Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein 482

  • Regulation (EC) 889/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 May 2002 amending Council Regulation (EC) 2027/97 on air carrier liability in the event of accidents [2002] OJ L140/2 129

  • Council Regulation (EEC) 2371/02

    • Arts 2(1), (2)(g)(iv), 4(1), 5, 5(2), 6, 6(2), 7(1), 8(1) 498

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed, OJ 513, 516, 522

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1830/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 concerning the traceability and labelling of genetically modified organisms and the traceability of food and feed products produced from genetically modified organisms and amending Directive 2001/18/ EC 522

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1367/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 September 2006 on the application of the provisions of the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters to Community institutions and bodies 155, 166, 891–2, 897, 973, 983

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No. 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC 94–8, 159, 344, 579, 582, 583, 586, 588, 589, 590, 591, 592, 593, 600, 602, 604, 605–6, 780

    • Preamble 3, 4, 7 594

    • Arts 3(3), 3(15) 585

    • Arts 10(1)(a), 10(a)(x), (b), 14(1)(3) 595

    • Art 57 597

    • Art 58 586

    • Art 58(3) 597

    • Art 60 597

    • Art 68(1) 598

    • Arts 69–73 598

    • Art 133(4) 598

    • Annex XIV, XV 597

    • Annex XVII 598

  • Regulation (EC) 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to noncontractual obligations (Rome II Regulation) OJ L199/40 1154, 1155, 1156

  • Commission Regulation (EC) No. 692/2008 of 18 July 2008 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information [2008] OJ L199/1 197, 403

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 [2008] OJ L353/1 784

  • Regulation 244/2009 on ecodesign requirements for non-directional household lamps 1085

  • Regulation (EC) 392/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the liability of carriers of passengers by sea in the event of accidents [2009] OJ L131/24 1029

  • EC Regulation No. 443/2009, setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars, OJ 2009 No. L140. 361, 403, 560 (p. liii)

  • Regulation (EC) No. 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy, amending Regulations (EC) No. 847/96, (EC) No. 2371/2002, (EC) No. 811/2004, (EC) No. 768/2005, (EC) No. 2115/2005, (EC) No. 166/2005, (EC) No. 388/2006, (EC) No. 509/2007, (EC) No. 676/2007, (EC) No. 1098/2007, (EC) No. 1300/2008, (EC) No. 1342/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No. 2847/93, (EC) No. 1627/94 and (EC) No. 1966/2006 499

  • Regulation (EC) No. 66/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 on the EU Ecolabel OJ L21/31.01.2010 992

  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 459/2012 of 29 May 2012 amending Regulation (EC) No. 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EC) No. 692/2008 as regards emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 6) 197

  • Commission Delegated Regulation 244/2012, O.J. (supplemental regulation providing a cost-effectiveness analysis methodology for choosing EPBD-compatible options that are optimal for a particular jurisdiction) 557

  • Regulation (EU) No. 528/2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products 780

  • Regulation (EU) 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [2012] OJ L351/1) 1143, 1147, 1148

  • Regulation (EU) 1305/2013 of the European parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the support for rural development by the European Fund for Rural Development 712

  • Regulation 1306/2013 of the Council and the Parliament on the financing, management and monitoring of the Common Agricultural Policy (the ‘horizontal’ regulation)

    • Arts 91–101 717

    • Annex II 717

  • Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No. 1954/2003 and (EC) No. 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No. 2371/2002 and (EC) No. 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC, OJ, 28.12.2013, No. L 354/22 498

    • Arts 2(2) and (3) 503

    • Arts 6, 7, 13 499

    • Art 15 502

    • Art 16(1), (6) 503

    • Arts 18, 19 and 21 503

  • Regulation 517/2014, O.J. (L 150), 20.5.2014, 195–230 (regulating fluorinated greenhouse gases and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006); Regulation (EC) No. 842/2006, O.J. (L 161), (regulation of certain fluorinated greenhouse gases) 553

  • Commission Regulation (EU) 651/2014 of 17 June 2014 declaring certain categories of aid compatible with the internal market in application of Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty, 2014 OJ L187/1 908

  • Regulation (EU) No. 1143/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014, on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species 481

  • Council Regulation (EU) 2016/72 of 22 January 2016 fixing for 2016 the fishing opportunities for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, applicable in Union waters and, for Union fishing vessels, in certain non-Union waters, and amending Regulation (EU) 2015 502

  • Commission Regulation 2016/646/EU, OJ 2016 No. L10 403

  • Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 on requirements relating to gaseous and particulate pollutant emission limits and type-approval for internal combustion engines for non-road mobile machinery, OJ 2016 No. L 252 404

Other (Communications, etc.)

  • Council Resolution 85/C 136/01 of 7 May 1985 on a new approach to technical harmonization and standards [1985] OJ C136/1 784 (p. liv)

  • Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the Sixth Environment Action Programme of the European Community, ‘Environment 2010: Our future, Our choice’, COM (2001) 31 final 404

  • Communication of 21 September 2005 from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament—Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution, COM(2005) 446 404–5

  • Protocol No. 3 on the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union, 30 March 2010, OJ C 83/210, Art. 23 166

  • Communication from the Commission ‘Europe 2020: a Strategy for Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth’, COM(2010) 2020 623

  • European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee, Smarter energy taxation for the EU: proposal for a revision of the Energy Tax Directive, COM(2011) 168/3 922

  • Communication from the Commission on a ‘Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe’, COM (2011) 571 623

  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, ‘Green Infrastructure (GI)— Enhancing Europe’s Natural Capital’, COM 2013/0249 final 485

  • Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions A Clean Air Programme for Europe, COM/2013/0918 final 405

  • EP and Council Decision 1386/2013, OJ [2013] L354/171 623

  • Commission Recommendation 2013/396/EU of 11 June 2013 on common principles for injunctive and compensatory collective redress mechanisms in the Member States concerning violations of rights granted under Union Law [2013] OJ L201/60 1039

  • European Commission, Communication from the Commission, Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection 2014–2020, 2014 OJ 2014/C 200/01 908

  • Decision (EU) 2015/1814 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 October 2015 concerning the establishment and operation of a market stability reserve for the Union greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme and amending Directive 2003/87/EC [2015]

  • European Commission, ‘Closing The Loop: An EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy’, COM(2016) 614 623

  • Communication from the Commission, ‘Publication of the total number of allowances in circulation for the purpose of the Market Stability Reserve under the EU Emissions Trading System established by Directive 2003/87/EC, COM(2017) 3228 final 941

Finland

Legislation

  • Constitution of Finland

  • Environmental Protection Act 633, 637, 641

  • Nature Conservation Act 1096/1996

  • Environmental Damages Act of 1994 1031

France

Legislation

  • Order of Charles V 1396 462

  • Civil Code 1804

  • Constitution

  • Civil Code 179, 183

  • Code de commerce créé par L. n° 2001–420, 15 mai 2001 (p. lv)

    • Art 116 187

    • Art L. 225–102–1 187

    • Art L. 225–102–4 187

    • Art L. 225–102–5 187

  • Code de la construction et de l’habitation

  • Code de la consummation

    • Art L. 112–10 188

  • Code de l’environnement 2000 173, 174–5, 179, 641, 657–8, 659

  • Code de la santé publique

    • Art. L. 1142–22 1036

  • Code monétaire et financier

    • Arts L. 533–22–1 and D. 533–16–1 187

  • Code Pénal

    • Art 421–2 and 461–28 184

  • Constitutional Charter on the Environment 2005 1175

  • Loi no. 51–1508 du 31 décembre 1951 1036

  • Loi no. 90–589 du 6 juillet 1990 1036

  • Loi no. 91–1406 du 31 décembre 1991

  • loi du 23 décembre 2000 de financement de la sécurité sociale pour 2001

  • Loi n° 2001–153 du 19 février 2001 tendant à conférer à la lutte contre l’effet de serre et à la prévention des risques liés au réchauffement climatique la qualité de priorité nationale et portant création d’un Observatoire national sur les effets du réchauffement climatique en France métropolitaine et dans les départements et territoires d’outre-mer 178

  • Loi n° 2006–1772 du 30 décembre 2006 sur l’eau et les milieux aquatiques 430, 1036

  • Environmental Liability law 1 August 2008 176

  • Loi Grenelle I du 3 août 2009 de programmation relative à la mise en œuvre du Grenelle de l’environnement 176

  • Loi Grenelle II du 12 juillet 2010 portant engagement national pour l’environnement 176, 178

  • Loi no. 2012–1460 du 27 décembre 2012 relative à la mise en œuvre du principe de participation du public défini à l’article 7 de la Charte de l’environnement 828

  • Loi No. 2015–992 du 17 août 2015 relative à la transition énergétique pour la croissance verte [law relating to the energy transition for green growth], Journal Officiel de la République Française no.0189 du 18 août 2015 554, 555, 828, 1110

  • Loi no. du 8 août 2016 pour la reconquête de la biodiversité, de la nature et des paysages 828

  • Law of 18 November 2016, on the Modernization of the Judiciary 187

Regulations

  • Code General des Impots [Internal Revenue Code]

    • Art. 1609 quatervicies A 916

  • Décret n° 2015–1850 du 29 décembre 2015 pris en application de l’article L. 533–22–1 du code monétaire et financier [decree adopted pursuant to Article L. 533–22–1 of the Monetary and Financial Code], Journal Officiel de la République Française n°0303 du 31 décembre 2015 550

  • Décret n° 2016–1110 du 11 août 2016 relatif à la modification des règles applicables à l’évaluation environnementale des projets, plans et programmes 172

  • Ordonnance n° 2017–80 et décrets n° 2017–81 et n° 2017–82 du 26 janvier 2017 relatifs à l’autorisation environnementale 172

Germany

Legislation

  • German Federal Constitution, Basic Law (Grundgesetz—GG) 192–3, 194–5, 693, 699, 1181

  • Civil Code BGB

  • Waste Disposal Act (Abfallbeseitigungsgesetz) 1972 196

  • Federal Immission Control Act (Bundes-Immisionsschutzgesetz) 1974 191, 196, 197, 198

  • Federal Nature Conservation Act (Bundesnaturschutzgesetz) 1976 196, 205

  • Federal Water Management Act (Wasserhaushaltsgesetz) 1976 196, 201, 207

    • §§ 4(3), 12(1), 12(2) 207

    • § 7a 426

    • § 8 207

    • § 12 and § 3 no. 10 and §§ 27, 44, 47 207

    • § 52(5) 202

    • § 57(1) 202

    • § 68 202

    • § 89 1030

  • Chemicals Act (Chemikaliengesetz) 1980 196

  • Law on Environmental Liability of 10 December 1990 1031, 1099, 1104, 1106–7, 1116

  • Packaging Ordinance 1991 204, 621

  • Law on Gene-technology of 16 December 1993 1030

  • Federal Soil Protection Act of 17 March 1998 637, 642

  • Law of 25 June 2009, BGBl. I

  • Electricity FeedIn-Tariff Law, 29. März 2000, BGBl. I 2000, S. 305 (superseding 1990 and 1998 versions) 555

  • Federal Pollution Control Act – BimSchG 2002

  • Act Pertaining to Charges Levied for Discharging Wastewater into Waters (Wastewater Ordinance— AbwV) 18 January 2005. amended on 31 July 2009 427

  • Environmental Appeals Act (Umweltrechtsbehelfsgesetz) 208

  • Act on Nature Conservation and Landscape Management (Federal Nature Conservation Act – BNatSchG) 2009

  • Closed Substance Cycle Act (Kreislaufwirtschaftsgesetz—KrWG) 2012 203

  • Renewable Energy Sources Law, 21. Juli 2014, BGBL. I, S. 1066 200, 555

  • German Energy Act, 21. Juli 2014, BGBL. I S. 1066, (amending 2005 version) 555

  • Incentive Regulation Ordinance, 21. Juli 2014, BGBL. I, S. 1066, Art. 9 (amending 2007 version) 555

  • Electricity Grid Access Ordinance, 21. Juli 2014, BGBL. I, S. 1066, (amending 2005 version) 555

  • Electricity Grid Charges Ordinance, 21. July 2014, BGBL. I S. 1066, (amending 2005 version) 555

  • Law incentivizing use of electric vehicles (electro-mobility law), 5. Juni 2015, BGBl. I S. 555

  • Renewable Energies Act (Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetz, EEG) 200

Regulations

  • Technical Instructions on Air Quality Control (Technische Anleitung Luft) 191, 196, 207 (p. lvii)

  • Technical Instructions on Noise Protection (Technische Anleitung Lärm) 196, 207

  • Regulation of 20 May 1998, BGBl. I

  • Energieeinsparverordnung [Energy Efficiency Regulation], 24 July 2007, BGBl. I S. 1519 541

  • Regulation for the protection against climate change due to the introduction of certain fluorinated greenhouse gases, lately amended in part by Articles 5 and 6 of the law of 20 October 2015 553

Guatemala

Legislation

  • Climate Change Framework Law of 2013, Decreto No. 7–2013, D.O. 4.10.2013 539

India

Legislation

  • Constitution 213

  • Madras Wild Elephant Preservation Act of 1873 462

  • Patents Act, 1970 528

  • Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 218–19

  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974 217, 221, 222, 226

  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act 1977 218, 222, 226

  • Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 219, 226

  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 218, 222, 226, 726

  • Environment (Protection) Act 1986 219–20, 226, 633

  • Public Liability Insurance Act 1991 220, 226, 1036

  • National Environment Tribunal Act 1995 227

  • National Environmental Appellate Authority Act 1997 227

  • Energy Conservation Act, 2001 560

  • Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act of 2001 529

  • Biological Diversity Act, 2002 226

  • Patents (Amendment) Act 2002 528

  • Electricity Act 2003 562

  • National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 226–7, 673

  • Finance Act 2017

    • ss 182, 184 673

Regulations

  • Ministry of Power (fuel economy) Regulations, 2015 560

Indonesia

Legislation

  • Constitution (Undang-undang Dasar) 1945 234

  • Law No 19 of 1961 243

  • Law on Environmental Management 1990

  • Law No. 5 of 1994 on the Ratification of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity 237

  • Law No. 6 of 1994 on the Ratification of the UNFCCC 240

  • Law No. 41 of 1999 on Forestry 236

  • Law No. 24 of 2000 on International Agreements 237

  • Law No. 25 of 2004 on the National Development Plan System 241

  • Law No. 31 of 2004 on Fisheries 243

  • Law No. 4 of 2009 on Mineral and Coal Mining 236

  • Environmental Protection and Management Act 32 of 2009 235–6, 237–41, 633, 638

  • Law No. 10 of 2013 on the Ratification of the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade 237

  • Law No. 18 of 2013 on Prevention and Eradication of Forest Destruction 241

  • Law No. 1 of 2014 on the Amendment of Law No. 27 of 2007 on Coastal and Small Island Management 243

  • Law No. 3 of 2014 on Industry 236

  • Law No. 23 of 2014 on Local Government 236

  • Law No. 32 of 2014 on Marine Affairs 236, 243

  • Law No. 37 of 2014 on Soil and Water Conservation 241

  • Law No. 39 of 2014 on Plantations 236

  • Law No. 16 of 2016 on the Ratification of the Paris Agreement to the UNFCCC 240

Regulations

  • Hinder Ordonantie/Nuisance Ordinance, Staatsblaad 226 of 1926 239

  • Government Regulation No. 150 of 2000 633

  • Instruction of President of the Republic of Indonesia No. 10/2011, 20 May 2011 (Delay on New License Issuance and Perfection of Governance of Primary Natural Forest and Peat Lands) 551

  • Regulation of Forestry Minister No. 62 of 2013 on the Amendment of Ministerial Regulation No. 44 of 2012 on Forest Zone Designation 251

Presidential Decrees

  • Presidential Decree No. 18 of 1978 243

  • Regulation No. 109 of 2006 on the Management of Sea Oil Spills 243–4

  • Presidential Regulation No. 61 of 2011 on the National Action Plan to Reduce GHG Emissions 241

  • Presidential Regulation No. 71 of 2011 on the GHG Inventory 241

  • Presidential Instruction No. 6 of 2013 on Suspension of New Licenses and Improving Governance of Primary Forest and Peat Lands 241

  • Presidential Decree No. 65 of 2014 on the Ratification of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage 237

  • Presidential Regulation No. 115 of 2015 on the Task Force for Combating Illegal Fishing 244

Government Regulations and Ministerial Decrees

  • Governor of East Kalimantan Decree No. 339 of 1988 on Environmental Quality Standards for East Kalimantan 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 35/MENLH/10/1993 on Emission Standards for Vehicles 241

  • Ministerial Decree No. 13/MENLH/3/1995 on Emission Standards for Stationary Sources 242 Ministerial Decree No. 13/MENLH/11/1996 on Noise Standards 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 49/MENLH/11/1996 on Vibration Standards 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 50/MENLH/11/1996 on Odour Standards 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 45/MENLH/10/1997 on the Air Pollution Standards Index 242

  • Head of Bapedal Decree No. 107/Kabapedal/11/1997 on the Technical Guidelines for Measurement and Reporting Standards of Air Pollution 242

  • Government Regulation No. 18 of 1999 on the Management of Hazardous Waste 239

  • Government Regulation No. 19 of 1999 on Marine Pollution and Damage Control 243

  • Government Regulation No. 41 of 1999 on Air Pollution Control 242

  • Government Regulation No. 85 of 1999 on the Amendment of Government Regulation No. 18 of 1999 on the Management of Hazardous Waste 239

  • Government Regulation No. 4 of 2001 on Environmental Destruction and/or Pollution Control from Forest and/or Land Fires 242–3

  • Ministerial Decree No. 4 of 2001 on Standard Criteria for Coral Reef Damage 243 (p. lix)

  • Ministerial Decree No. 51 of 2004 on Seawater Quality Standard and amendment, Ministerial Decree on Standard Criteria for Mangrove Damage 243

  • Governor of DKI Jakarta Province Decree No. 551 of 2001 on Ambient Quality and Nuisance Standards 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 12 of 2006 on Licensing Procedures for Waste Disposal into Marine Areas 243

  • Governor of East Java Regulation No. 10 of 2009 on Ambient Air Quality from Mobile and Static Resources 242

  • Ministerial Decree No. 2007 of 2009 on Guidelines for Subnational Nuisance Licenses 239

  • Environment Minister Decree No. 13 of 2011 on Compensation for Damages Caused by Pollution and/or Environmental Damage 240

  • Government Regulation No. 27 of 2012 on Environmental Licenses 238

  • Local Regulation of Lampung Province No. 20 of 2014 on Air Pollution Control 242

  • Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 56 of 2014 on Fishing Moratorium in Indonesian Fishing Zones 244

  • Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 57 of 2014 on Fishing Businesses in Indonesian Fishing Zones 244

  • Government Regulation No. 79 of 2014 on National Energy Policy 241

  • Ministerial Decree No. 101 of 2014 on the Management of Hazardous Waste 239

  • Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Regulation No. 2 of 2015 on the Prohibition of the Utilization of Trawls and Seine Nets in Indonesian Fishing Zones 244

  • Minister of Home Affairs Regulation No. 22 of 2016 on the Amendment of Ministerial Decree No. 27 of 2009 on the Guidelines for Subnational Nuisance Licence 239

Supreme Court Regulations

  • Supreme Court Regulation No. 134/KMA/SK/IX/2011

  • Supreme Court Regulation No. 36/KMA/SK/III/2015

Supreme Court Decrees

  • Supreme Court Decree No. 134/KMA/SK/IX/2011 on environmental cases 247

  • Supreme Court Decree No. 178/ KMA/SK/XI/2011 on the Selection Team for the Certified Environmental Judges System 247

  • Supreme Court Decree No. 26/KMA/SK/ II/2013 on the Selection and Appointment of Certified Environmental Judges 247

  • Supreme Court Decree No. 36/KMA/SK/II/2013 on the Guidelines for Handling Environmental Cases 247

Ireland

Legislation

  • Wild Birds Protection Act 1930 474

  • Civil Liability Act 1961

  • Waste Management (Amendment) Act 2001 (Act No. 36/2001) 916

  • Finance Act of 2010

  • Finance Act 2011

Regulations

  • Waste Management (Environmental Levy) (Plastic Bag) Regulations, 2001 916

  • Waste Management (Environmental Levy) (Plastic Bag) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2007 916

Italy

Legislation

  • Constitution of Italy

    • Pt II, Title V, Art 117(s) 1077

  • Civil Code

  • Decreto Legislativo 42/2004 435

  • Legislative Decree No. 152 of 3 April 2006 (Consolidated Environmental Protection Code) 426, 633, 642

    • Art 242 638

    • Title V, section IV 632

    • Annex 1, section IV 632

Regulations

  • Codice dei beni culturali e del Paesaggio 435

  • Environmental Protection Code

(p. lx) Ivory Coast

Legislation

  • Law no. 65–255 of 4 August 1965, concerning the protection of fauna and the practice of hunting

Japan

Legislation

  • Civil Code

  • Laws No. 89/1896 and 9/1898 (Minpô) - Civil Code

    • Arts 197, 198 and 206 272

    • Art 709 271

  • National Parks Law 1931 466

  • Constitution of Japan 1946

  • Law No. 67/1947 (Chihô jichi-hô) (Local Autonomy Law) 248–9

  • Law No. 125/1947 (Kokka baishô-hô) (State liability law) 273

  • Fisheries Cooperation Association Law, Act No. 242 of 1948 499, 500

  • Fisheries Law 1949, Act No. 267 of 1949 499, 500

  • Law No. 214/1950 (Bunka-zai hogo-hô) (Law on the Protection of Cultural Properties) 260

  • Law Concerning Standardization and Proper Labeling of Agricultural and Forestry Products, Act No. 175 of 1950, last amended by Act No. 70 of 2013 523

  • Law 313/1951 (Suisan shigen hogo-hô )(Act on the Protection of Fishery Resources) 261, 499

  • Nature Conservation Law 1952 503

  • Law No. 186/1955 (Genshi-ryoku kihon-hô), (Nuclear Energy Basic Law) 275

  • Law No. 161/1957 (Shizen kôen-hô) (Natural Parks Law) 260, 466, 503

    • Arts 1 and 2 260

  • Law No. 139/1962 (Gyôsei jiken soshô-hô), (Administrative Case Litigation Law) 273

    • Art 3, 3–7, 9(1), 9–2 273

  • Law No. 72/1963 (Toshi ryokuchi-hô) (Urban Green Space Act) 261

  • Law No. 110/1967 (Kôkyô-yô hiko-jô shûhen ni okeru kôkû-ki sô’on ni yoru shôgai no bôshi- tô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Prevention of Damage caused by Aircraft Noise in Areas Around Public Airports) 264

  • Law No. 132/1967 (Kôgai taisaku kihon-hô) (Basic Law for Environmental Pollution Control) 254, 255

  • Law No. 97/1968 (Taiki osen bôshi-hô), (Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Law) 262, 1030

  • Law No. 98/1968 (Sô?’on kisei-hô) (Noise Regulation Law) 263

    • Art 1, 4, 6 and 9 263

    • Arts 15, 16 and 17 264

    • Arts 29 and 30 263

  • Act on Special Measures Concerning Relief for Health Damage by Pollution, Act No. 90 of 1969 1036

  • Law No. 108/1970 (Kôgai funsô shori-hô), (Law on Settlement of Environmental Pollution Disputes) 274

  • Law No. 137/1970 (Haiki-butsu no shori oyobi seisô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Waste Management and Public Cleansing Law) 264

  • Law No. 138/1970 (Suishitu odaku bôshi-hô) (Water Pollution Prevention Law) 266

  • Law No. 139/1970 (Nôyô-chi no dojô no osen bôshi-tô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Agricultural Land Soil Pollution Prevention Law) 266 (p. lxi)

  • Law No. 142/1970 (Hito no kenkô ni kakaru kôgai hanzai no shobatsu ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law for Punishment of Crimes Relating to Environmental Pollution Pertaining to Human Health) 271

  • Law No. 91/1971 (Akushû bôshi-hô), (Offensive Odour Control Law) 263

  • Law No. 85/1972 (Shizen kankyô hozen-hô) (Nature Conservation Law) 260

  • Law No. 111/1973 (Kôgai kenkô higai no hoshô-tô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Pollution-Related Health Damage Compensation Law) 275, 1036

  • Law No. 105/1973 (Dôbutsu no aigo oyobi kanri ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law on Welfare and Management of Animals) 256

  • Law No. 117/1973 (Kagaku busshitsu no shinsa oyobi seizô-tô no kisei ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law on the Evaluation of Chemical Substances and Regulation of the Manufacture) 267

    • Arts 1, 2, 2–8, 4, 4–4, 4–6, 5–3, 5–5, 8–2, 9 and 39 267

  • Law No. 101/1974 (Bôei shisetsu shûhen no seikatsu kankyô no seibi-tô ni kansuru hôritsu shikōrei) (Law Concerning the Improvement, etc. of Living Environments around Defence Facilities) 264

  • Law No. 74/1976 (Shindô kisei-hô) (Vibration Regulation Law) 264

  • Law No. 61/1984 (Koshô suishitsu hozen tokubetsu sochi-hô) (Law Concerning Special Measures for the Conservation of Lake Water Quality) 266

  • Law No. 53/1988 (Tokutei busshitsu no kisei-tô ni yoru ozon-sô no hogo ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Protection of the Ozone Layer through the Control of Specified Substances and other Measures) 267

  • Law No. 48/1991 (Shigen no yûkô na riyô no sokushin ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law for the Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources) 264–5

  • Law No. 70/1992 (Jidô-sha kara haishutsu sareru chisso sanka-butsu oyobi ryûshi-jô busshitsu no tokutei chi’iki ni okeru sôryô no sakugen-tô ni kansuru tokubetsu sochi- hô), (Law Concerning Special Measures for Total Emission Reduction of Nitrogen Oxides from Automobiles in Specified Areas) 263

  • Law No. 75/1992 (Zetsumetsu no osore no aru yasei dô-shokubutsu no shu no hozon ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law for the Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) 261

  • Law No. 108/1992 (Tokutei yûgai haiki-butsu-tô no yushutsu-nyû-tô no kisei ni kansuru hôritsu), (Law for the Control of Export, Import, etc. of Specified Hazardous Waste, etc.) 265

  • Law No. 91/1993 (Kankyô kihon-hô) (Environmental Basic Law) 255, 257–8, 819, 831

  • Law No. 112/1995 (Yôki hôsô ni kakaru bunbetsu shûshû oyobi sai-shôhin-ka no sokushin-tô ni kansuru hôritsu), (Act on the Promotion of Sorted Collection and Recycling of Containers and Packaging) 265, 617, 621

  • Law No. 77/1996 (Kaiyô seibutsu shigen no hozon oyobi kanri ni kansuru hôritsu) (Act on Preservation and Control of Living Marine Resources) 261

  • Law No. 81/1997 (Kankyô eikyô hyôka-hô) (Environmental Impact Assessment Law) 268–9

    • Arts 2, 5–11 and 17 268

    • Arts 31 and 38 269

    • Art 52(12) 275

  • Law on Preservation and Management of Living Marine Resources 1997 500

  • Law No. 97/1998 (Tokutei katei-yô kiki sai-shôhin-ka-hô). (Specified Home-use Appliance Recycling Law) 265, 617, 621

  • Law No. 117/1998 (Chikyû ondan-ka taisaku no suishin ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law on Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures) 269

  • Law No. 86/1999 (Tokutei kagaku busshitsu no kankyô e no haishutsu-ryô no ha’aku-tô oyobi kanri no kaizen no sokushin ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning Reporting of Releases to the Environment of Specific Chemical Substances and Promoting Improvements in Their Management) 267

    • Arts 5, 6 and 10 267

  • Law No. 105/1999 (Daiokishin-rui taisaku tokubetsu sochi-hô) (Law Concerning Special Measures against Dioxin) 267–8

  • Law No. 100/2000 (Kuni-tô ni yoru kankyô buppin-tô no chôtatsu no suishin-tô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Promotion, etc. of Procurement, etc. of Eco-Friendly Goods and Services by the State and other Entities) 265

  • Law No. 104/2000 (Kensetsu kôji ni kakaru shizai no sai-shigenka-tô ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Recycling, etc. of Materials Relating to Building and Construction) 265, 617

  • Law No. 110/2000 (Junkan-gata shakai keisei suishin kihon-hô), (Basic Law for Establishing a Sound Material-Cycle Society) 265, 615, 614

    • Arts 5–7, 11(2), 11(3) and 15 265

  • Law No. 116/2000 (Shokuhin junkan shigen no saisei riyô-tô no sokushin ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Promotion of Recycling, etc. of Cyclical Food Resources) 265, 617

  • Basic Act on Fisheries Policy 2001 500

  • Law No. 53/2002 (Dojô osen taisaku-hô) (Soil Contamination Countermeasures Law) 266–7, 633, 634, 638, 642

    • Arts 1, 3 6 and 7 267

    • Art 2(1) 275

  • Law No. 87/2002 (Shiyô-zumi jidô-sha no sai-shigen-ka-tô ni kansuru hôritsu (Law Concerning the Recycling, etc. of End-of-Life Vehicles) 265, 617, 621

  • Law No. 88/2002 (Chôjû no hogo oyobi kanri narabi ni shuryô no tekisei-ka ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law Concerning the Protection and Control of Wild Birds and Mammals, and Hunting Management) 261, 503

  • Law No. 148/2002 (Shizen saisei suishin-hô) (Nature Revitalisation Promotion Act) 261

  • Law No. 18/2003 (Iden-shi kumikae seibutsu-tô no shiyô-tô no kisei ni yoru seibutsu no tayô- sei no kakuho ni kansuru hôritsu), (Law on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity through Regulations on the Use of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs)) 261–2

  • Law No. 78/2004 (Tokutei gairai seibutsu ni yoru seitai-kei-tô ni kakaru higai no bôshi ni kansuru hôritsu) (Invasive Alien Species Law) 261

  • Law No. 4/2006 (Ishiwata ni yoru kenkô higai no kyûsai ni kansuru hôritsu) (Law on Asbestos Health Damage Relief) 268

  • General Act Related to the Application of Laws 2006

  • Law No. 56/2007 (Kuni-tô ni okeru onshitsu kôka gasu-tô no haishutsu no sakugen ni hairyo shita keiyaku no suishin ni kansuru hôritsu) (Act on Promotion of Contracts of the State and Other Entities, Which Show Consideration for Reduction of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases, etc) 270

  • Basic Act on Ocean Policy 2007 500

  • Law No. 58/2008 (Seibutsu tayô-sei kihon-hô)(Basic Law on Biodiversity) 261

  • Act on Emergency Measures of 5 August 2011 1036

  • Act on Swift and Secure Compensation of 11 December 2011 1036

  • Law No. 108/2011 (Denki jigyô-sha ni yoru saisei kanô enerugî denki no chôtatsu ni kansuru tokubetsu sochi-hô) (Act on Special Measures Concerning Procurement of Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources by Electricity Utilities) 270

  • Laws No. 16–9/2012 (Global Warming Countermeasures Tax) 270

  • Law No. 68/2014 (Gyôsei fufuku shinsa-hô), (Administrative Complaint Review Act) 273

  • Law No. 50/2018 (Kikô hendô tekiô-hô) (Climate Change Adaptation Act) 269–70

    • Arts 1, 4 and 5 270

Greece

Legislation

  • Civil Code

Kenya

Legislation

  • National Parks Ordinance 1945 466 (p. lxiii)

  • Laws of Kenya, Water Act, Chapter 372

Malaysia

Legislation

  • Protection of Wildlife Act 1972 466

  • Environmental Quality Act 1974

  • National Parks Act 1980 466

  • Renewable Energy Act 2011 539

Mexico

Legislation

  • Constitution 1917 278–81

  • Federal Act to Prevent and Control Pollution 1971 282

  • Federal Act for Environmental Protection 1982 282

  • Federal Law of Environmental Responsibility 281

  • General Act on Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection (LGEEPA) 1988 278, 279, 282–7, 288, 289, 291

  • National Waters Act 1992 284–5

  • General Wildlife Act 2000 286–7

  • General Act for the Prevention and Comprehensive Management of Waste 2003 287–8

  • Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) Biosafety Act 2005 287

  • Amparo Act 2012 292–3

  • General Climate Change Act 2012 (as amended, 2 de april de 2015) 283–4, 534

  • Federal Act on Environmental Liability 2013 291–2, 1039

  • General Act on Transparency and Access to Public Information 2015 288

Regulations

  • Federal Code of Civil Procedure 292

  • Federal Criminal Code 293

  • RLGEEPAANP, Mexico, DOF, 30 November 2000 285–6

  • NOM-138–SEMARNAT/SS-2003 642

  • NOM-141–SEMARNAT-SSA1–2004 642

  • NOM-059–SEMARNAT-2010, Mexico, DOF, 30 December 2010 286

  • RISEMARNAT, Mexico, DOF, 26 November 2012

  • Norma Official Mexicana, Diario Oficial, 21 de junio de 2013 560

Netherlands

Legislation

  • Constitution of the Netherlands

  • Civil Code

  • Code of Civil Procedure

  • Soil Protection Act

New Zealand

Legislation

  • Fisheries Act 1908 501

  • Land transfer Act 1952 713

  • Wildlife Act 1953 465, 502

  • Health Act 1956 610

  • Marine Reserves Act 1971 502

  • Queen Elizabeth the Second National Trust Act 1977 (New Zealand) 710

  • Marine Mammal Protection Act 1978 502

  • Litter Act 1979 610

  • Antarctic Marine Living Resource Act 1981 501

  • Fisheries Act 1983 501

  • Environment Act 1986 610 (p. lxiv)

  • Conservation Act 1987 502

  • Driftnet Prohibition Act 1991 501

  • Resource Management Act 1991 (amended 1996) 502, 610, 714, 802

  • Maori Land Act 1993

  • Fisheries Act 1996 501, 507

  • Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 610

  • Climate Change Response Act 2002 534

  • Maori Fisheries Act 2004 501

  • Aquaculture Reform (Repeals and Transitional Provisions) Act 2004 501

  • Resource Management (Energy and Climate Change) Amendment Act 2004 534

  • Waste Minimisation Act 2008 617

  • Environment Protection Authority Act 2011

  • Exclusive Economic Zone and Continental Shelf (Environmental Effects) Act 2012 502

  • Te Urewera Act 51 of 2014 1060

  • Whanganui River Deed of Settlement 2014 1060

  • Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Settlement) Act 2017 236–7, 713, 714

Regulations

  • New Zealand Fisheries (Quota Management Areas, Total Allowable Catches, and Catch Histories) Notice 1986 (SR 1986/267) 501

  • Climate Change (Agriculture Sector) Regulations 2010, SR 2010/335 regs 4–14 551

Peru

Legislation

  • Law No. 30.203 declaring the protection and conservation of the Andean condor of national interest and public necessity 465

  • Forest and Wildlife Law No. 29763

  • Supreme Decree No. 002–2013–MINAM (25 March 2013) 634, 638, 642

  • Supreme Decree No. 002–2014MINAM (24 March 2014) 634, 638, 642

Regulations

  • National Forestry and Climate Change Strategy, Decreto No. 007–2016–MINAM (21 July 2016) 549

Norway

Legislation

  • Constitution of Norway

Poland

Legislation

  • Constitution of Poland

    • Ch 2, Art 74(2) 1077

  • Civil Code

  • Environmental Law of April 2001 633, 638

  • Law on Genetically Modified Organisms of 22 June 2001 1030

  • Water Law, 18 July 2001 (Ustawa z dnia 18 lipca 2001 r.—Prawo wodne) 426

  • Ordinance of the Minister of Environment on Standards of Equality of Land of 9 September 2002 634, 642

Portugal

Legislation

  • Civil Code

  • LBA Law No. 11/87, as amended by Law 13/2002

  • Law No. 83 of 31 August 1994 (Environmental Protection Code)

  • DL No. 236/98 (Water Pollution Law)

Singapore

Legislation

  • Second Charter of Justice 1826 298

  • Constitution 298 (p. lxv)

  • Income Tax Act (Ordinance 39 of 1947) 300–1

  • Planning Ordinance 1959 312

  • Animals and Birds Act (Ordinance 5 of 1965, Cap 216) 299, 311

  • Wild Animals and Birds Act (Ordinance 5 of 1965, Cap 351) 299, 308–9, 311

  • Application of English Law Act (Act 35 of 1993) 298

  • Environmental Public Health Act (Amendment Act) No. 2 of 1996 307

  • Hazardous Waste (Control of Export, Import and Transit) Act (Act 13 of 1997) 307

  • Environmental Public Health Act 1987 (Act 14 of 1997) 299, 306

  • Environmental Protection and Management Act (Act 9 of 1999) 299, 634, 638

  • Environmental Public Health (Amendment Act) No. 22 of 1999 307

  • Road Traffic Act, Cap. 276

  • Parks and Trees Act (Act 4 of 2005) 299, 309, 311

  • Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act, Act 5 of 2006) 299, 309, 311

  • Workplace Safety and Health Act (Act 7 of 2006) 308

  • Road Traffic (Carbon Emissions) Tax 2012 (S 653/2012) 302

  • Energy Conservation Act (Act 11 of 2012) 309

    • ss 10–20 309

    • ss 21–32 310

    • ss 39–43 309

    • ss 44–52 310

  • Transboundary Haze Pollution Act (Act 24 of 2014) 303–4

Regulations

  • Income Tax Act and the Income Tax (Efficient Pollution Control Equipment) Rules, 1996 s. 19A (5), (6), (7), (8), and (15) 301

  • Income Tax (Low-decibel Machine, Equipment or System and Effective Noise Control Device or Engineering Noise Control Measure) Rules (Cap. 134, R. 12) 301

  • Income Tax (Machine, Equipment or System which Reduces or Eliminates Exposure to Chemical Risk Singapore Standard SS 593:2013 Code of Practice for Pollution Control 634, 642

  • Environmental Public Health (Notice to Attend Court) Regulations 1995 (S 449/95) 306

  • EC (Fuel Economy Labelling) Order, S 307/2012 309

  • Energy Conservation (Motor Vehicles Subject to Fuel Economy Requirements) Order, S309/2012 309

  • EC (Registrable Goods) Order, S 557/2013 309

  • EC (Energy Management Practices) Regulations, S246/2013 310

  • Energy Conservation (Registrable Corporations) Order, S 248/2013 310

  • EC (Transport Facilities Operators) Order, S807/2013 310

  • EPH (Corrective Work Order) (CWO) Regulations (Section 447/92) 307

  • EPH (Toxic Industrial Waste) Regulations (S 111/88, S 305/88, S 24/89, S 197/89, S 610/99, Cap. 95 307

  • EPM (Ozone Depleting Substances) Order (Ch 94A, S.77) 307

  • EPM (Control of Noise from Construction Sites) Regulations 1999 (S. 466/1999, Cap. 94A) 308

  • EPM (Trade Effluent) Regulations (S. 160/1999 (RG 5) 2008) 305

  • EPM (Prohibition on the Use of Open Fires) Order (S 161/1999, 2008) 302

  • EPM (Air Impurities) Regulations (RG 8, S 595/2000 (2008) 300

  • EPM (Vehicular Emissions) Regulations (Cap. 94A RG 6) 301, 308

    • regs 12–19 301

  • EPM (Off-Road Diesel Engine Emissions) Regulations, S 299/2012 301

  • Parks and Trees (Heritage Roads Green Buffers) Order, Cap. 216 OR 2 309 (p. lxvi)

  • Parks and Trees (Preservation of Trees) Order, Cap. 216, OR 309

  • Road Traffic (Motor Vehicles Registration and Licensing) Rules

    • Rules 9, 9AA and 9C 302

  • Wild Animals (Licensing) Order 309

  • Wild Animals and Birds (Bird Sanctuaries) Order 309

South Africa

Legislation

  • Tax Act 58 of 1962 558

  • Patents Act 1978 (Act No. 57 of 1978, as amended up to Patents Amendment Act 2002)

  • Western Cape Land Use Planning Ordinance 15 of 1985 328

  • Constitution of the Republic of South Africa 1996 316, 1048

  • National Environmental Management Act 1998 316, 317–18, 322–5, 331, 1125

  • National Water Act 36 of 1998 323–4, 331, 429–30, 1125

    • s 3 and 3(1) 323

    • §§ 1xviii(b), ss 12–13 428

  • Promotion of Access to Information Act 2 of 2000 1064

  • Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 319, 1064

  • Local Government: Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000 324

  • Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 323, 331

  • Patents Amendment Act 2002 529

  • National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 57 of 2003 325, 329

  • National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 324, 329

  • National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act No. 39 of 2004 1125

  • Electricity Regulation Act 4 of 2006 332

  • National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Management Act 24 of 2008 328

  • National Environmental Management: Waste Act 59 of 2008 324, 329, 331, 634, 1125

    • s1, 2(4)(d) and (e) 324

    • s 36(5) 638

  • Water Pollution Control Law 2014 427

  • Western Cape Land Use Planning Act 3 of 2014 328

Regulations

  • Energy Standard for Buildings with mechanically assisted ventilation systems, SANS 0204 (2007) 558

  • Presidential Proclamation on the Transfer of Administration and Powers and Functions Entrusted by Legislation to Certain Cabinet Members in Terms of Section 97 of the Constitution Government Gazette No. 32367, 1 July 2009 329

  • Government Notice R711/2011 of 9 September 2011, amending National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act 103 of 1977 558 (p. lxvii)

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2014, No. R. 982

South Korea

Legislation

  • Constitution of Korea 1988 334, 335

  • Basic Environmental Policy Act 1987 334, 338, 346–7

  • Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth, Act No. 9931, 13 January 2010 534

  • Wetlands Conservation Act (South Korean Law No. 5866, amended as Law No. 13880 as of 27 January 2014)

    • Arts 8–9 346

  • Act on the Conservation and Use of Biological Diversity and Conservation and the Management of Marine Ecosystems Act (South Korean Law No. 11257, amended as Law No. 12459 as of 18 March 2014)

    • Arts 11–13, 19, 21–15 446

  • Act on the Control and Aggravated Punishment of Environmental Offenses (South Korean Law No. 4390, amended as Law No. 12738 as of 3 June 2014)

    • Arts 12 and 15.2 347

  • Environmental Damage and Relief Liability Act (South Korean Law No. 12949) 348–9

  • Electronic Recycling Act, South Korean Law No. 8405, amended as Law No. 13038 as of 20 January 2015)

  • Maritime Environment Preservation Act (South Korean Law No. 8260, amended as Law No. 13383 as of 22 June 2015) 342

  • Fisheries Act (South Korean Law No. 295, amended as Law No. 13385 as of 22 June 2015.) 342

  • Water Quality and Ecosystem Conservation Act (South Korean Law No. 4260, amended as Law No. 13530 as of 1 December 2015) 338, 342, 347–8

  • Chemicals Control Act (28 South Korean Law No. 4261, as amended Law No. 13534 as of 1 December 2015) 344–5

    • Art 28 and 41 344

  • Soil Environment Conservation Act (South Korean Law No. 4906, amended as Law No. 13534 as of 1 December 2015)

    • Art 4.2 342

    • Art 10.3–10.4 343

    • Art 10–4 338

    • Art 11(3), 14(1), 16–22 343

  • Act on the Persons Performing the Duties of Judicial Police Officers and the Scope of Their Duties, South Korean Law No. 380, amended as Law No. 13601 as of 22 December, 2015

    • Arts 5(xxii), 6(xix) 347

  • Environmental Dispute Mediation Act (South Korean Law No. 4258, amended as Law No. 13602 as of 22 December 2015) 349

    • Art 6, 33, 42(1) and 45.4 349

  • Act on the Integrated Management of Environment Polluting Facilities, South Korean Law No. 13603 339

  • Air Environment Conservation Act (South Korean Law No. 4262, amended as Law No. 13874 as of 27 January 2016) 340

  • Wildlife Protection and Management Act (South Korean Law No. 7167, amended as Law No. 13882 as of 27 January 2016) 346

  • Natural Environment Conservation Act (South Korean Law No. 4492, amended as Law No. 13885 as of 27 January 2016) 346

  • Industrial Safety and Health Act (South Korean Law No. 3532, as amended Law No. 13906 as of 27 January 2016)

  • Resources Recycling Framework Act (South Korean Law No. 14229, enacted on 29 May 2016) 345–6

  • Recycling Act, South Korean Law No. 4538, amended as Law No. 14230 as of 29 May 2016

  • Environmental Impact Assessment Act (South Korean Law No. 4567, amended as Law No. 14232 as of 29 May 2016) 338–9

  • Special Act on Remedy for Damage Caused by Humidifier Disinfectants (South Korean Law No. 14566) 345

  • Act for Development, Use, and Dissemination of New and Renewable Energy (South Korean Law No. 7284, amended as Law No. 14670 as of 21 March 2017)

    • Art 12–5–12–7 341

  • Low Carbon, Green Growth Fundamental Act (Legislation No. 15101) 339, 349

    • Art 2(9) 341

    • Art 38, para. 2 339

  • Conservation and Management of Marine Ecosystems Act (South Korean Law No. 15135) 342

  • Act on Activities in the Antarctic Area and the Protection of Antarctic Environment (South Korean Law No. 15787) 342–3

  • Special Act on the Improvement of Air Quality in Seoul Metropolitan Area (South Korean Law No. 15274)

    • Arts 14–22 340

  • Act on the Allocation and Trading of Greenhouse-Gas-Emission Permits 341–2

    • Art 2(1), 12(4) 341

  • Act on the Safety Management of Household Chemical Products and Biocides (South Korean Law No. 15511) 345

  • Korean Act on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (South Korean Law No. 11789, as amended Law No. 15512 as of 20 March 2018) 344

    • Art 10, 29, 25, 27, 32–37 344

  • Environmental Health Act (South Korean Law No. 15583)

Regulations

  • Vehicle Average Fuel Economy and GHG Emission Standards (2012–15), Notification No. 2011–89 of the Ministry of Environment 560

  • Vehicle Average Fuel Economy and GHG Emission Standards (2016–20), Notification No. 2014–235 of the Ministry of Environment 560

  • Ministry of Environment and the Subordinate Agencies, Presidential Decree amended by Presidential Decree No. 27450 of 16 August 2016 336

  • Enforcement Regulation of MOE No. 671 (21 July 2016) 340

Spain

Legislation

  • Constitution of Spain

  • Civil Code

  • Law on protected areas 1975 466

  • Consolidated Law on Water, Royal Legislative Decree 1/2001 426

  • Law 5/2007 471

  • Waste and Contaminated Land Act 2011 638

Sweden

Legislation

Switzerland

Legislation

  • Constitution 1874 462, 693

  • Code Civil, 23 December 2011

  • Federal Decree on Contaminated Sites

    • Art 2 634

    • Arts 15 and 16 642