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date: 17 February 2020

(p. xiii) Table of Cases

(p. xiii) Table of Cases

International Cases

European Court of Human Rights

  • Guerra v Italy (1998) 26 EHRR 357 355, 980

  • Hatton v United Kingdom (2002) 34 EHRR 1; (2003) 37 EHRR 28 355

  • Lopez Ostra v Spain (1994) 20 EHRR 277 355

  • Powell and Rayner v United Kingdom (1990) 12 EHRR 355 355

  • Sporrong and Lönnroth v Sweden, 23 September 1982, Judgment of the ECtHR, app. no.7151/757152/75 436

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

  • PM 382/10—Indigenous Communities of the Xingu River Basin, Pará, Brazil 93

Inter-American Court of Human Rights

  • Advisory Opinion OC-23/17 Requested by the Republic of Columbia, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R., 15 November 2017 892

  • Claude Reyes et al. v Chile, Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. Iser. C, No 151 (19 September 2006) 980

  • Maya Indigenous Community of the Toledo District v Belize, Case 12.053, Report no. 40/04, OEA/SerL/V/II.122 Doc 5 rev 1 at 727 (2004) 1080

  • Saramaka People v Suriname, Series. C No. 172 Inter-Am. Ct. H.R. (2007) 892

  • Saramaka People v Suriname, Judgment of 12 August 2008. Series C no. 185 1080

International Court of Justice

  • Pulp Mills (Argentina v Uruguay) [2010] ICJ Rep 14 653, 880

  • Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v Japan: New Zealand intervening) 2014 507

Inter-State Arbitration

  • In the matter of the Indus Waters Kishenganga Arbitration before the Court of Arbitration constituted in accordance with the Indus Waters Treaty 1960 between the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan signed on 19 September 1960 (Islamic Republic of Pakistan v Republic of India), PCA, Partial Award (18 February 2013), Final Award (20 December 2014) 432

  • Iron Rhine Arbitration, Belgium/Netherlands, Award, ICGJ 373 (PCA 2005) 655

  • Jurisdiction of the Courts of Danzig, Advisory Opinion, (1928) P.C.I.J., Ser. B, No. 15 1179

  • Lake Lanoux Arbitration (Spain/France), Award (16 November 1957), RIAA vol. XII 432 (p. xiv)

  • Trail Smelter Arbitration (United States v Canada), Ad Hoc International Arbitral Tribunal, 1941 3 U.N. Rep. Int. Arb. Awards 1911. 1938, reprinted in (1941) 35 American Journal of International Law 684 399, 400–1

World Trade Organisation Dispute Settlement Body

  • EC- Biotech, Dispute Settlement: Dispute DS291 European Communities—Measures Affecting the Approval and Marketing of Biotech Products 516–17

  • EC-Hormones, Dispute Settlement: Dispute DS26 European Communities—Measures Concerning Meat and Meat Products (Hormones) 516–17, 865

  • US—Taxes on Automobiles, DS31/R (11 October 1994) 911

  • US—Taxes on Petroleum and Certain Imported Substances, L/6175–34S/136 (17 June 1987) 911

Domestic Cases

Australia

  • Allen v United Carpet Mills Pty Ltd [1989] Victorian Reports 323 66

  • Attorney-General (NSW) v Quin (1990) 170 CLR 1 730

  • Australian Conservation Foundation Inc v Commonwealth (1980) 146 Commonwealth Law Reports 493 79

  • Australian Conservation Council v Latrobe City Council (2004) 140 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia 100 72

  • Axer Pty Ltd v Environment Protection Authority (1993) 113 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia 357 78

  • Bentley v BGB Properties Pty Ltd (2006) 145 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia 234 76, 78

  • BGP Properties v Lake Macquarie CC [2004] NSWLEC 399; (2004) 138 LGERA 237 [108] 664

  • Booth v Bosworth and Bosworth, Primary decision, (2001) 114 FCR 39, (2001) 117 LGERA 168, [2001] FCA 1453, ILDC 531 (AU 2001) 1173, 1175

  • Bulga Milbrodale Progress Association Inc v Minister for Planning and Infrastructure [2013] New South Land and Environment Court 48; 194 LGERA 347 75, 731

  • Carstens v Pittwater Council (1999) 111 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia, 25 68

  • Commonwealth v Tasmania (1983) 158 Commonwealth Law Reports 1 61, 62, 75, 143, 428, 435, 1177

  • Director of Animal and Plant Quarantine v Australian Pork Limited [2005] FCAFC 206 762

  • Drake v Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs (No 1) (1979) 24 ALR 577 730

  • Environment Protection Authority v Ross (2009) 165 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia 42 78

  • Gippsland Coastal Board v South Gippsland Shire Council (No 2) [2008] Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal 1545 73, 731

  • Greenpeace Australia v Redbank Power Company and Singleton Council, Decision on development application, [1994] NSWLEC 178, ILDC 985 (AU 1994), 10 November 1994, Oxford Reports on International Law 1180

  • Hub Action Group Inc v Minister for Planning (2008) 161 LGERA 136 731, 733 (p. xv)

  • Leatch v Director General of National Parks and Wildlife Service (1993) 81 LGERA 270 657, 1176

  • Minister for Aboriginal Affairs v Peko-Wallsend Ltd (1986) 162 CLR 24 730

  • Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs v Teoh, (1995) 182 CLR 273 1178

  • Murphyores Inc Pty Ltd v Commonwealth (1976) 136 Commonwealth Law Reports 1 61–2

  • Myers v South Gippsland Shire Council (No 1) [2009] VCAT 1022 and (No 2) [2009] VCAT 2414 731

  • Newcastle and Hunter Valley Speleological Society Inc v Upper Hunter Shire Council (2010) 210 LGERA 126 731

  • Newton v Great Lakes Shire Council [2013] NSWLEC 1248 731

  • North Coast Environment Council Inc v Minister for Resources (1994) 55 Federal Court Reports 492 79

  • Northcape Properties Pty Ltd v District Council of Yorke Peninsula [2007] SAERDC 50 (upheld on appeal: [2008] SASC 57 731

  • Onus v Alcoa of Australia Ltd (1982) 149 Commonwealth Law Reports 27 79

  • Rainbow Shores Pty Ltd v Gympie Regional Council [2013] QPEC 26 731

  • Taralga Landscape Guardians Inc v Minister for Planning (2007) 161 Local Government and Environmental Reports of Australia 1 72–3

  • Telstra Corporation Ltd v Hornsby Shire Council [2006] NSWLEC 133; (2006) 67 NSWLR 256 664–5, 676, 731

  • Warringah Shire Council v Sedevcic (1987) 10 New South Wales Law Reports 335 79

Austria

  • Township of Freilassing and Max Aicher v Austrian Federal Ministry of Transport and State-Owned Enterprises, 10 October 1969, (1969) 24 Erkenntnisse und Beschlüsse des Verwaltungsgerichtshofs 681 1178

Bangladesh

  • Farooque v Government of Bangladesh, 17 B.L.D. (A.D.) 1 (1997) 1164

  • Farooque v Government of Bangladesh (2002) 22 BLD 345 Supreme Court of Bangladesh. 732

Belgium

  • Petition, VZW Klimaatzaak v Kingdom of Belgium, Tribunal of First Instance, Brussels, filed 4 December 2014 544

Botswana

  • Mosetlhanyane and Others v Attorney General of Botswana, Civil Appeal No. CACLB-074–10 (Court of Appeal in Lobatse, 27 Janury 2011) 1065

Brazil

  • AgRg no REsp 1434797/PR, Relator. Ministro Humberto Martins, Segunda Turma, DJe 07 June 2016 94

  • Lei Complementar No. 140, Art. 9; Estatuto da Cidade, Lei No. 10.257, de 10 de julho de 2001 85

  • S.T.F., MS 22,164/SP, Relator: Min. Celso de Mello, en banc, DJ 17 November 1995 87 (p. xvi)

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 222.349/PR, 1st Panel, Relator: Min. José Delgado, 23 March 2000, DJ 02 May 2000 103

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 343.741/PR, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Franciulli Netto, 07 October 2002 (7 October 2002) 94

  • S.T.J., REsp 578.797/RS, 1st Panel, Relator: Min. Luiz Fux DJ 20 September 2004, 196 103

  • S.T.J., RMS 18.301/MG, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. João Otávio de Noronha, DJ 03 October 2005 94, 95

  • S.T.J., REsp 605,323/MG, 1st Panel, Relator: Min. Teori Zavascki, DJ 17 October 2005 90

  • S.T.J., REsp 647.493/SC, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. João Otávio de Noronha DJ 22 October 2007 104

  • STJ, 1863/PR, decision of 18 February 2009 675

  • S.T.J., REsp 1,049,822/RS, 1st Panel, Relator: Min. Francisco Falcão, DJe 18 May 2009 91

  • STJ, Resp no 972.902–RS(2007/0175882–0), decision of 25 August 2009 675

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 948.921/SP, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Herman Benjamin, 23 October 2007, DJe 11 November 2009 103

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 508.377/MS, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. João Otávio de Noronha, 23 October 2007, DJe. 11.11.2009 85

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 2007. 948.921/SP, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Antonio Herman Benjamin, 23 November 2007 (11 November 2009) 94

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 650.728, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Herman Benjamin, 23 October 2007, DJe 02 December 2009 103

  • S.T.J., REsp 1,060,753/SP, 2d Panel, Relatora: Min. Eliana Calmon, DJe 14 December 2009 91

  • S.T.F., MS 25284/DF, Relator: Min. Marco Aurélio, en banc, DJe 12 August 2010 88

  • S.T.J., REsp 1.222.723/SC, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Mauro Campbell Marques, DJe 17 November 2011 104

  • STJ, Resp n 1330027/SP, 3a turma, decision of 11 June 2012 674

  • Supremo Tribunal Federal, Medida Cautelar na Reclamação 14.404/DF, Min. Ayres Britto, 27 de agosto de 2012 93

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 1.145.083/MG, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Herman Benjamin, 27 September 2011, DJe 04 September 2012 104

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 1.240.122/PR, at 7–9, 2d Panel, Rel. Min. Antonio Herman Benjamin, 28.06.2009, D.Je. 11 September 2012 88

  • S.T.F., RE 417.408 AgR/RJ, 1st Panel, Relator: Min. Dias Toffoli, DJe 26 April 2012 102

  • S.T.J., REsp No. 1.367.923/RJ, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Humberto Martins, 27 August 2013, DJe 06 September 2013 104

  • S.T.J., REsp 1.394.025/MS, 2d Panel, Relatora: Min. Eliana Calmon, DJe 18 October 2013 104

  • S.T.J., AgRg no REsp 1,313,443/MG, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Og Fernandes, Segunda Turma, DJe 12 March 2014 94

  • STJ, Resp 1172553/PR, 1a Turma, decision of 27 May 2014 675

  • STF, Recurso Extraordinário n 737.977/SP, decision of 4 September 2014 675

  • S.T.J., AgRg no AREsp 739.253/SC, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Humberto Martins, DJe 14.09.2015 100

  • S.T.J., REsp 1.276.114/MG, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Og Fernandes, DJe 11 October 2016 95

  • S.T.F., RE No. 633, 548 AgR/GO, 2d Panel, Relator: Min. Edson Fachin, DJe 11 April 2017 85

  • S.T.J., AgInt no AREsp 1,090,084/MG, 2d Panel, Relatora: Min. Assusete Magalhães, DJe 28 November 2017 91

  • S.T.F., ADIn No. 4901, Opinion of Min. Celso de Mello, 28 February 2018 95

  • TRF 1a região, Apelação cível n 2001.34.00.010329–1/DF, decision of 12 February 2004 675

  • TRF 2, Agravo de instrumento 0004075–70.2012.4.02.0000, 5a turma, decision of 31 juil 2012) 675

(p. xvii) Canada

  • 114957 Canada Ltée (Spraytech, Société d’arrosage) v Hudson (Town), 2001 SCC 40 113, 120, 1173

  • 611428 Ontario Ltd v Metropolitan Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (1996) OJ No. 1392 1176

  • Bank of Montreal v Hall [1990] 1 SCR 121 112

  • Bolton v Forest Pest Management Institute, 1985 CanLII 579 (BCCA) 121

  • British Columbia v Canadian Forest Products Ltd, 2004 SCC 38 119

  • Burns Bog Conservation Society v Canada (Attorney General), 2012 FC 1024, aff’d 2014 FCA 170 119

  • Calder v British Columbia (Attorney General) [1973] SCR 313 110

  • Canada (Attorney General) v Downtown Eastside Sex Workers United Against Violence Society, 2012 SCC 45 125

  • Canada (Attorney General) v MacQueen, 2013 NSCA 143 119, 122

  • Canada Ltée (Spraytech, Société d’arrosage) v Hudson (Town), [2001] 2 S.C.R. 241, 2001 S, 1164

  • Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, Inspections and Enforcement Sub-Agreement (2001) 125

  • Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society v Canada (Minister of Canadian Heritage), 2003 FCA 197 121

  • Castonguay Blasting Ltd v Ontario (Environment), 2013 SCC 52 121

  • Centre Québécois du droit de l’environnement v Canada (Environment), 2015 FC 773 121

  • Ciment du St-Laurent inc. c. Barrette, 2006 QCCA 1437 118

  • Clements v Clements, 2012 SCC 32 121

  • Croplife Canada v City of Toronto (2005) 75 OR (3d) 357 (CA) 113

  • Daishowa Inc v Friends of the Lubicon (1998) 158 DLR (4th) 699 (Ont Gen Div) 119

  • Delgamuukw v British Columbia [1997] 3 SCR 1010 110

  • Eng v Toronto (City), 2012 ONSC 6818 113

  • Environnement Jeunesse v Canada (Attorney General), Que. Super. Ct. (motion for authorization to commence class action and for appointment as class representative filed 26 November 2018) 113

  • Finlay v Canada (Minister of Finance) [1986] 2 SCR 607 125

  • Fletcher v Kingston (City) (2004) 70 O.R. (3d) 577 (CA) 126

  • Fowler v The Queen [1980] 2 SCR 213 112

  • Fraser v Saanich (District) (1999) 32 CELR (NS) 143 (BCSC) 119

  • Friends of the Oldman River Society v Canada (Minister of Transport) [1992] 1 SCR 3 111, 112

  • Friends of the West Country Assn. v Canada (Minister of Fisheries and Oceans), [2000] 2 F.C. 263 (C.A.) 888

  • Georgia Strait Alliance v Canada (Fisheries and Oceans), 2012 FCA 40 125

  • Grant v Torstar Corp, 2009 SCC 61 119

  • Hollick v Toronto (City), 2001 SCC 68 119

  • Hydro-Québec [1997] 3 SCR 213 112, 113, 541

  • Imperial Oil Ltd v Quebec (Minister of the Environment), 2003 SCC 38 120, 426

  • Incredible Electronics Inc. v Canada (Attorney General) (2006) 80 OR (3d) 723 (SCJ) 125

  • Lafarge Canada Inc. v Ontario (Environmental Review Tribunal), 2008 CanLII 30290 (Ont. Div. Ct.) 122

  • MacMillan Bloedel v Joan Russow and Betty Kleiman et al, 6 December 1994, VI 01984 1171

  • MiningWatch Canada v Canada (Minister of Fisheries and Oceans), 2010 SCC 2 888 1171

  • Morton v Canada (Fisheries and Oceans), 2015 FC 575 121

  • Multiple Access Ltd v McCutcheon [1982] 2 SCR 161 112

  • Northwest Falling Contractors Ltd v The Queen [1980] 2 SCR 292 112 (p. xviii)

  • Ontario Power Generation Inc. v. Greenpeace Canada, 2015 FCA 186 896

  • Palmer v Nova Scotia Forest Industries [1983] N.S.J. No. 534, 60 N.S.R.(2d) 271 (TD) 121

  • Pembina Institute for Appropriate Development v Canada [2008] F.C. 302 (F.C.T.D) 889, 895

  • Podolsky v Cadillac Fairview Corp., 2013 ONCJ 65 126

  • Prairie Acid Rain Coalition v Canada (Minister of Fisheries and Oceans), 2006 FCA 31. 888

  • Québec (Ville de) c. Équipements Emu ltée, 2015 QCCA 1344 118

  • R. v Bata Industries Ltd, (1992) 9 OR (3d) 329 125

  • R v City of Sault Ste Marie (1978) 40 CCC (2d) 353 (SCC) 1130

  • R. v Crown Zellerbach Canada Ltd [1988] 1 SCR 401 112, 1178

  • R. v Hydro-Québec [1997] 3 SCR 213 112

  • R. v Marshall [1999] 3 SCR 456 110

  • R. v Sault Ste. Marie [1978] 2 SCR 1299 125

  • R v Sharma [1993] 1 SCR 650 113

  • R. v Syncrude Canada Ltd, 2010 ABPC 229 126

  • R v United Keno Hill Mines Ltd (1980) 1 Yukon Rep. 299, para. 10 (Territorial Court) 124

  • Resurfice Corp. v Hanke, 2007 SCC 7 119, 121

  • Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. v Saskatchewan, 2005 SCC 13 112

  • St Lawrence Cement Inc. v Barrette, 2008 SCC 64 119, 120

  • Shell Canada Products Ltd v Vancouver (City) [1994] 1 SCR 231 113

  • Smith v Inco Ltd, 2011 ONCA 628 119

  • Smith v Inco Ltd, 2013 ONCA 724 118

  • Spraytech v Hudson, 2001 SCC 40 113

  • Susan Heyes Inc v Vancouver (City), 2011 BCCA 77 118

  • Taku River Tlingit First Nation v British Columbia (Project Assessment Director), 2004 SCC 74 892

  • Tsilhqot’in Nation v British Columbia, 2014 SCC 44 110, 111

  • Wier v Canada (Health), 2011 FC 1322 121

  • Windsor v Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd, 2014 ABCA 108 119

China

Colombia

  • Colombia, Constitutional Court, Law 1021 of 2006 (General Foresting Law), Re, García Guzmán and ors, Application for Constitutional Review, Decision No C-030–08, ILDC 1010 (CO 2008), 23 January 2008 1167

  • T-622 de 2016 Referencia: Expendiente T-5.016.242 1061

Cyprus

  • Community of Pyrga through the President of the Community and the local authority of Pyrga and ors v Republic of Cyprus through the Council of Ministers and ors, Interim decision, Case no 671/1991, ILDC1790 (CY 1991) 1175

(p. xix) Dominican Republic

  • Supreme Court of Justice, Pleno, Sentencia del 9 de febrero de 2005, No 4, Juventud Nacional Comprometida, Inc and ors v Dominican Republic, Cordero Gómez (intervening) and ors (intervening), Direct constitutional complaint procedure, BJ 1131.34, ILDC 1095 (DO 2005), 9 February 2005, Oxford Reports on International Law 1167, 1173

European Union

  • Administration des douanes v Société anonyme Gondrand Frères and Société anonyme Garancini, C-169/80 [1981] ECR 1931 801

  • Agrarproduktion Staebelow v Landrat des Landkreises Bad Doberan, Case C-504/04 [2006] ECR I-679 671

  • Air Transport Association of America, American Airlines Inc., Continental Airlines Inc., United Airlines Inc. v Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change CJEU, Case C-366/10, 21 December 2011, ECR I-13755 162, 934

  • Algera v Common Assembly, CJEU (Joined cases 7/56 and 3 to 7/57), 12 July 1957 164–5

  • Arcelor Atlantique et Lorraine and Others, C-127/07 [2008] ECR I-09895 940, 945–6

  • ArcelorMittal Rodanga et Schifflange SA, Case C-321/15, ECLI:EU:C:2017:179 931

  • ARCO Chemie Nederland Ltd v Minister van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieubeheer and Vereniging Dorpsbelang Hees, Stichting Werkgroep Weurt and Vereniging Stedelijk Leefmilieu Nijmegen v Directeur van de dienst Milieu en Water van de provincie Gelderland, Joined cases C-418/97 and C-419/97 [2000] ECR I-04475 155, 1123

  • Austin and others v The United Kingdom—39692/09 [2012] ECHR 459 (15 March 2012) 755, 760

  • AvestaPolarit Chrome Oy, C-114/01 [2003] ECR I-8725 155

  • Bilbaína de Alquitranes SA and Others v ECHA, C-287/13P ECLI:EU:C:2014:599 780

  • Brasserie du Pêcheur SA v Federal Republic of German and The Queen v Secretary of State for Transport, ex parte: Factortame Ltd and Others, CJEU, (Joined cases C-46/93 and C-48/93), 5 March 1996 165

  • BUND v Arnsberg, C-115/09, ECJ, Judgment of 12 May 2011, EU:C:2011:289 192, 207

  • Bund Naturschutz in Bayern eV and Others v Freistaat Bayern, Case C-244/05 [2006] ECR I-8445 841

  • Cassis de Dijon, C-120/78, ECJ, Judgment of 20 February 1979, EU:C:1879:42. 39 196, 694

  • ClientEarth v The Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Case C-404/13, Judgment of 19 November 2014 360, 415

  • Commission of the European Communities v Council of the European Union, CJEU, 13 September 2005, Case C-176/03 167, 168

  • Commission v Austria, case C-507/04 (ECLI:EU:C:2007:42) 475

  • Commission v Belgium (Walloon Waste), Case C-2/90 [1992] ECR I-4431 671

  • Commission v Denmark, ECJ, Judgment of 20 September 1988, C-302/86, EU:C:1988:421 196

  • Commission v Estonia, Case C-505/09 [2012] 941

  • Commission of the European Communities v European Parliament and Council of the European Union, CJEU, 8 September 2009, Case C-411/06 167

  • Commission v Finland, case C-240/00, (ECLI:EU:C:2003:126) 475

  • Commission v France, Case 252/85, (ECLI:EU:C:1988:202) 475

  • Commission v France, Case C-383/09, (ECLI:EU:C:2011:23) 473

  • Commission v Germany, C-463/01, EU:C:2004:797 204 (p. xx)

  • Commission v Germany, Case C-142/16, (ECLI:EU:C:2017:301) 473

  • Commission v Greece, Case C-103/00 479

  • Commission v Ireland, Case C-418/04, (ECLI:EU:C:2007:780) 471

  • Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Spain, CJEU, 2 August 1993, Case C-355/90 167

  • Commission v Luxembourg, C-458/0 (EU:C:2003:94) Judgment of 27 February 2002, ASA, C-6/00, EU:C:2002:121 203

  • Commission v Malta, Case C-76/08, (ECLI:EU:C:2009:535) 479

  • Commission v Poland, CJEU, 17 April 2018, Case C-441/17 168–9

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-355/90, (ECLI:EU:C:1993:229) 471

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-79/03, (ECLI:EU:C:2004:507) 479

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-135/04, (ECLI:EU:C:2005:374) 479

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-235/04 (ECLI:EU:C:2007:386) 471, 840

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-186/06 [2007] ECR I-12,093 840

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-308/08, (ECLI:EU:C:2010:281) 473

  • Commission v Spain, Case C-404/09, (ECLI:EU:C:2011:768) 472

  • Commission of the European Communities v United Kingdom, CJEU, 20 October 2005, Case C-6/04 168, 364, 849

  • Consorzio del Prosciutto di Parma and Salumificio S. Rita SpA v Asda Stores Ltd and Hygrade Foods Ltd, C-108/01 [2003] ECR I-05121 801

  • Council v Stichting Natuur en Milieu and Pesticide Action Network Europe, Joined Cases C-404/12 P and C-405/12 P, EU:C:2015:5 166

  • Council v Vereniging Milieudefensie and others, Joined Cases C-401/12 P to C-403/12 P EU:C:2015:4 166

  • Council of the European Union and Others v Vereniging Milieudefensie and Stichting Stop Luchtverontreiniging Utrecht, C-401/12P to C-403/12P 803

  • Criminal proceedings against Bluhme, Case C-67/97 (ECLI:EU:C:1998:584) 480

  • Criminal proceedings against G. Vessoso and G. Zanetti, C-207/88 [1990] ECR I-01461 1123

  • Dassonville, Case C-8/74, ECR 1974, 837 694

  • Dieter Janecek v Freistaat Bayern (Jacenek case), Case C-237/07, Judgment of 25 July 2008 ENI, Case T-39/07, and C-508/11 P, ECLI:EU:C:2013:289 1156

  • Estonia v Commission, Case T-263/07, [2009] ECR II-03395 940

  • Euro Tombesi, Joined Cases C-304/94, C-330/94, C-342/94 and C-224/95, [1997] 415, ECR I-3561 613

  • European Commission v UK, Case C-530/11, [2014] Environmental Law Reports D2 370

  • France v Commission, Case T-257/07 [2011] ECR II-05827 671, 672

  • Godefridus van der Feesten, Case C-202/94, (ECLI:EU:C:1996:39) 476

  • Inter-Environnement Wallonie v Regione Wallone, Case C-126/96 [1997] ECR I-7411 155, 613

  • Keck, Joined Cases C-267/91 and C-268/91, ECR 1993, I-06097 694

  • Kledingverkoopbedrijf de Geus en Uitdenbogerd v Robert Bosch GmbH and Maatschappij tot voortzetting van de zaken der Firma Willem van Rijn, 13/61, [1962] ECR 00045, 52 801

  • KVZ Retec GmbH v Republik Osterreich, C-176/05 [2007] ECR I-1721 155

  • Land Oberösterreich v ČEZ, ECJ, Judgment of 27 October 2009, C-115/08, EU:C:2009:660 206

  • Landelijke Vereniging tot Behoud van de Waddenzee, Nederlandse Vereniging tot Bescherming van Vogels v Staatssecretaris Van Landbouw, Natuurbeheer en Visserij (Waddenzee) [C-127/02] ECLI:EU:C:2004:482; [2004] ECR I-7405 161, 671

  • Mines de Potasse d’Alsace, Case 21/76, [1976] ECR 1735 1153

  • Nomarchiaki Aftodioikisi Aitoloakarnanias v Ypourgos Perivallontos, Case C-43/10, (ECLI:EU:C:2011:651) 473 (p. xxi)

  • Opinion of the Court, CJEU, 6 December 2001, Avis 2/00, 2001 I-09713 167

  • Owusu, Case -281/02 1149

  • Palin Granit Oy v Vemassalon kansanterveystoyn kuntaaghtyman halitus, C-90/00 [2002] ECR I-3533 155

  • Peralta, Re, Case C-379/92 [1994] ECR I-3453 670

  • Peter Sweetman and Others v An Bord Pleanála, C-258/11, ECLI:EU:C:2013:220; [2015] Env LR 18 161

  • Pfizer Animal Health v Council of the European Union, Case T-13/99, [2002] ECR 11–330 155, 671, 762

  • Plaumann v Commission, Case 25/62, [1963] ECR 95 165, 803

  • Poland v Commission, Case T- 183/07 [2009] ECR-03395 941

  • Polyelectrolyte Producers Group and Others v European Commission, C-199/13P ECLI:EU:C:2014:205 780

  • Procureur de la République v Association de Défense des Brûleurs d’Huiles Usagées, Case 240/83, CJEU, 7 February 1985, 166–7

  • ECLI:EU:C:2014:2174 780

  • Queen v Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food: ex parte: Hedley Lomas (Ireland) Ltd, Case C5/94, CJEU, 22 May 1996, 168

  • Queen on the application of International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (Intertanko), International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo), Greek Shipping Co-operation Committee, Lloyd’s Register, International Salvage Union v Secretary of State for Transport, ECJ (Grand Chamber), , Preliminary Ruling, 3 June 2008 1179

  • R v Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions, ex parte First Corporate Shipping Ltd, Case C-371/98 [2000] ECR I-9253 840

  • Radlberger, ECJ, C-309/02, EU:C:2004:799; Judgment of 14 December 2004 204

  • Raffinerie Mediterranee (ERG) SpA v Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico, C-378/08, [2010] ECR I-01919 154

  • Republic of Poland v European Parliament and Council of the European Union, Case C-5/16 ECLI:EU:C:2018:483 853, 942

  • Romkes v Officier van Justitie, Case 46/86 [1987] ECR 503

  • Rütgers Germany GmbH and Others v European Chemicals Agency, Case C-190/13P (ECHA) 780

  • Skoma-Lux sro v Celní ředitelství Olomouc, C-161/06 [2007] ECR I-10841 801

  • Società Italiana Dragaggi SpA and Others v Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti and Regione Autonoma Friuli Venezia Giulia, Case C-117/03 [2005] ECR I-167 840, 841

  • Somafer, Case 33/78, [1979] ECR 2183 1152

  • Stichting Greenpeace Council and others v Commission, C- 321/95P [1998] ECR I- 1651 and C- 50/00P Uniǒn de Pequeños Agricultores v Council [2002] ECR I- 6677 803

  • Stichting ROM-projecten v Staatssecretaris van Economische Zaken, C-158/06 [2007] ECR I-05103 801

  • Sweden v Commission, Case T-229/04 [2007] ECR II-2437) 672

  • Taskin and Others v Turkey [2004] ECHR 621 892

  • TC Briels and Others v Minister van Infrastructuur en Milieu, C-521/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:330; [2014] 161

  • Uniplex (UK) Ltd v NHS Business Services Authority, Case C-406/08 370

  • Van de Walle & Ors, C-1/03 [2005] Env. L.R. 24 155

  • Wallonie, ECJ, C-228/00, EU:C:2003:91; Judgment of 13 February 2003 203

Finland

  • Geological Survey of Finland, 31 March 1999, 31.9.1999/692 KHO:1999:14, ILDC 930 (FI 1999) 1174

(p. xxii) France

  • Association citoyenne intercommunale des populations concernées par le projet d’aérodrome de Notre-Dame-des-Landes, Conseil d’Etat, no. 267287, Rec. Lebon, 28 December 2005 1179

  • Compagnie Nouvelle du Gaz de Deville-Lès-Rouen, Conseil d’Etat 10 January 1902 1111

  • Société Chimique, Conseil d’Etat 8 November 1957 1111

  • Conseil d’Etat, Decision No. 108243 (Nicolo), 20 October 1989, on the interpretation of Art. 55 Constitution 1166

  • Société Smurfit Kappa Papier Conseil d’Etat, 17 February 2016 1097

  • Cons. Const. 19 juin 2008, n° 2008–54. 4 174

  • Cons. Const., 8 avril 2011, n° 2011–116 174, 181

  • Cons. Const., 10 novembre 2017, n° 2017–672 174

  • CA Paris, 30 March 2010, no. 08–02278 1038

  • Cour de cassation, Administration des Douanes v Société Jacques Vabre, Judgment of 24 May 1975 1166

  • Cour de Versailles, 4 février 2009 182, 188

  • CE 24 juillet 2009, n° 316013, Société BASF Agro 182

  • CE, 10 juin 2015, n° 369428 178

  • CE, 12 juillet 2017, Association Les amis de la Terre France, n° 394254 178

  • CE, 8 décembre 2017, n° 404391 175

  • HR 9 October 1992, NJ 1994, 535 1034

  • Litzinger Cass. Civ. 2e, 5 June 1957 1107

  • Société la clinique Bouchard Cass. Civ. 1re, 21 May 1996 1103

  • Société Calcialiment Cass. Civ. 2e 14 June 2007 1116

  • Cass.civ. 1, 24 September 2009, no 08–16305 1034

  • Cass.civ.1, 28 January 2010, no 08–18837 1034

  • Cass. crim., 3 mai 2011, n° 10–81.529 182

  • Cass. 3e civ., 18 mai 2011, n° 10–17.645 182

  • Cass. 3e civ., 13 décembre 2011, n° 10–27.305 179

  • Cass. crim. 25 septembre 2012, n° 10–82.938 175, 181, 183, 188, 1038

  • Cass. Crim. 22 mars 2016, n° 13–87.650 183, 185, 1038

Tribunal des conflits

  • 4 mai 2012, n° 12–03.844, n° 12–03.846, n° 12–03.848, n° 12–03.850, n° 12–03.852, n° 12–03.852 183

Germany

  • Federal Court Decision, 1 BvR 242/91 and 315/99 (16 February 2000) 639

  • BVerwGE 55, 250 191, 192

  • BVerwGE 58, 300 207

  • BVerwGE 72, 300 191, 199

  • BVerwGE 75, 285, ILDC 2434 (DE 1986) 1162, 1178, 1182

  • BVerwGE 109, 29 191

  • BVerfGE 111, 37 194

  • BVerwGE 111, 241 203

  • BVerwGE 119, 329 199

  • BVerwGE 123, 247 203

  • BVerfGE 128, 1 192

  • BVerfGE 134, 366–438 209 (p. xxiii)

  • BVerwGE 147, 31 192

  • BVerfG (1996) Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 651 193

  • BVerfG (2002) Deutsches Verwaltungsblatt 614 193

  • BVerwG Case 4 C 4/02 (13 March 2003) (2003) 22 Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht 738 1180

  • BVerG, Case 2 BvR 2365/09 (4 May 2011) (2011) 218 Entscheidungen des Bundesverfassungsgerichts 326 1182

  • BVerwG Case 7 C 7.10 (14 July 2011) (2011) 22 Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht 538 1174

  • BGHZ 118, 312 1037

  • OVG Hamburg Case 1 Bf 162/04 (30 September 2004) (2004) 16 Zeitschrift für Umweltrecht 208 1174

  • OVG Koblenz Case 1 A 10200/09 (28 October 2009) (2009) 23 Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht Rechtsprechungs-Report 310 1173

  • OVG Sachsen, Beschluss vom 09.03.2007—4 BS 216/06, Dresden v Saxony, Complaint, 4 BS 216/06, (2007) Die Öffentliche Verwaltung 2007, 564, ILDC 2764 (DE 2007), 9 March 2007 1173

Greece

  • Greek Supreme Court (Full Bench) 17/1999, N.o.B. 2000, 461–4 1037

India

  • AP Pollution Control Board v Nayudu AIR 1999 SC 8 665

  • A.P. Pollution Control Bd. (II) v Nayudu, [2000] INSC 679. 25 1164

  • Birma v State of Rajasthan AIR 1951 Raj.127 215

  • Board of Trustees of the Port of Bombay v Dilipkumar Raghavendranath Nadkarni (1983) 1 SCC 124 223

  • Chhetriya Pardushan Mukti Sangarsh Samiti v State of U.P. (1990) 4 SCC 449 223

  • Church of God (Full Gospel) in India v KKR Majestic Colony Welfare Association AIR 2000 SC 2773 223

  • Deepak Kumar v State of Haryana (2012) 4 SCC 629 227

  • Indian Council for Enviro-legal Action and others (Petitioners) v Union of India and others (Respondents), Writ Petitions No. 967 of 1989 with Nos. 94 of 1990, 824 of 1993, and 76 of 1994 1176–7

  • Indian Council for Enviro-legal Action & Ors v Union of India, (1996) 3 SCC 212 224, 672

  • Lafarge Umiam Mining Pvt. Ltd v Union of India (UOI) and Ors. (decided on 6.07.2011) MANU/SC/0735/2011) 220

  • L. K. Koolwal v State of Rajasthan AIR 1988 Rajasthan 2. 223

  • MC Mehta v Union of India (Oleam Gas Leak ) WP 12739/1985 (1986.12.20) 1130

  • M. C. Mehta (Shriram Fertilizer) AIR 1987 SC 1086 223–4

  • M.C. Mehta v Kamal Nath, (1997) 1 SCC 388, (1999) 1 SCC 702, (2000) 6 SCC 213, and (2002) 3 SCC 653 225, 431

  • M.C. Mehta v Union of India—Supreme Court of India (Writ Petition No. 13029 of 1985) 732, 738

  • M.C. Mehta v Union of India (Calcutta tanneries) (1997) 2 SCC 388 732

  • M.C. Mehta v Union of India (UOI) and Ors. AIR [1986] 1987 SCR (1) 819 1031

  • M.C. Mehta v Union of India & Ors (Taj Trapezium) (1997) 2 SCC 353, (1998) 8 SCC 711, (1999) 6 SCC 611, (2000) 10 SCC 551, (2001) 9 SCC 235, (2002) 10 SCC 664, and (2003) 10 SCC 719 224, 226

  • MI Builders Pvt. Ltd v RadheyShyamSahu AIR 1996 SC 2468 225 (p. xxiv)

  • Miglani v State of Uttarakhand & Others, MCC 139/2017, CLMA 2359/2017, CLMA 2424/2017, CLMA 2924/2017, CLMA 3003/2017 In Writ Petition (PIL) No. 140 of 2015 (High Court of Uttarakhand at Nainital, 30 March 2017) 1061–2

  • N.D Jayal v Union of India (2003) 6 SCC 572 226

  • Narmada Bachao Andolan v Union of India (2000) 10 SCC 664 225, 428

  • Orissa Mining Corpn. Ltd v Ministry of Environment & Forests (2013) 6 SCC 476 220

  • People United for Better Living in Calcutta v State of West Bengal, 24 September 1992, AIR 1993 Cal 215 1176

  • Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra v Dehradun v State of UP (1987) Supp SCC 487 225

  • S Jagannath v Union of India and ors 1997 (2) SCC 87 672

  • Salim v State of Uttarakhand & Others, Writ Petition (PIL) No. 126 of 2014 (High Court of Uttarakhand at Nainital, 20March 2017) 1061

  • Smoke Affected Residents Forum v Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (2002) Bombay High Court (WP No 1762 of 1999) 732

  • State of Himachal Pradesh v Ganesh Wood Products AIR 1996 SC 149 226, 672

  • Subhash Kumar v State of Bihar AIR 1991 SC 420 223, 1065, 1079

  • T.N Godavaraman Thimmalapad v Union of India (2002) 10 SCC 606 226

  • TN Godavarman Thirumulpad (98) v Union of India (2006) 5 SCC 28 800

  • Union Carbide Corporation v Union of India AIR 1990 SC 273 224

  • Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum (1996) 5 SCC 64 224–6, 664, 665, 672, 733, 1172, 1173

National Green Tribunal

  • Animal Rescue Squad & Ors v Goa Pollution Control Board (NGT Western Bench, Pune; Original Application No. 30/2015/WZ 229

  • Gurpreet Singh Bagga v Ministry of Environment and Forests (2016), 016 SCC Online NGT 92 227

  • Indian Council for Enviro-legal Action (ICELA) v Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Application No. 70/2014, National Green Tribunal, Principal Bench, New Dehli, 10 December 2015 554

  • Jan Chetna v Ministry of Environment and Forests Judgment (NGT, 9 February 2012) 673

  • Jayal and anor v India and anor, Civil Writ Petition, 1 September 2003, [2004] 9 SCC 362, ILDC 456 (IN 2003) 1176

  • M/S Riverside Resorts Ltd v Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (NGT, 29 January 2014) 673

  • National Green Tribunal Bar Association v Ministry of Environment & Forests & Ors (2013) Original Application No. 171 of 2013, before the NGT Principal Bench, New Delhi 227

  • Nutfar Sardar & Ors v Government of West Bengal & Ors (NGT Eastern Bench, Kolkata; Original Application No. 43/2015/EZ 229

  • Research Foundation for Science Technology and Natural Resources Policy v Union of India and Another, Appeal of monitoring committee recommendation, Writ Petition (civil) 657 of 1995, ILDC 385 (IN 2005), 1 May 2005, Oxford Reports on International Law 1170

  • Samir Mehta v Union of India (2016) 2016 SCC Online NGT 927. 228

  • Sanjay Kulshrestha v Union of India & Ors (Principal Bench, Original Application No. 95/2014) 228–9

  • Supreme Court Women Lawyers Association v Union of India & Ors (Principal Bench, Original Application No. 303/2015 229

  • Vardhaman Kaushik v Union of India & Ors (Principal Bench, Original Application No. 21/2014) 228, 732

  • Vardhaman Kaushik v Union of India & Ors and anor (NGT Applications 21 and 95 of 2014, Order of 7 April 2015) 673

(p. xxv) Indonesia

  • Constitutional Court Decision No 1–2/PUU/XI/2014 238

  • Constitutional Court Decision No. 32/PUU-VIII/2010 250, 251

  • Constitutional Court Decision No. 35/PUU-II/2012 251

  • Constitutional Court Decision No. 21/PUU-XII/2014 250

  • Dedi, et al. v Perhutani, et al., 49/Pdt.G/2003/PN.BDG (2003) 1172

  • Dedi et.al. v PT. Perhutani, Decision of the Supreme Court No. 1794 K/PDT/2004 (22 January 2007) 248

  • Ministry of Environment v PT. Kalista Alam, Decision of the Supreme Court No. 651 K/PDT/2015 (28 August 2015) 249

  • Walhi v P.T. Inti Indorayon Utama, Decision of the Central Jakarta District Court No. 820/ Pdt./G/1988/PN 248

Italy

  • Cass. 19 January 2007, no. 1183, GI 2007, 12, 2724 1037

  • Cass. Sez.Un. 5 July 2017, no. 16601 1037

Japan

  • JSC (16 December 1981) 274

  • JSC (15 October 2004) 274

  • SC (15 October 2004) 274

  • JSC (9 October 2014) 274

  • JSC (30 March 2017) 271

  • JSC (13 July 2017) 271

  • Nîgata District Court (29 September 1971) 272

  • Kumamoto District Court (20 March 1973 273

  • Fukui District Court (21 May 2014) 271

  • Fukui District Court (14 April 2015) 271

  • Kagoshima District Court (22 April 2015) 271

  • Saga District Court (20 March 2015) 271

  • Fukui District Court (18 March 2015) 271

  • Ôtsuka District Court (09 March 2016) 271

  • Maebashi District Court (17 March 2017) 274

  • Ôsaka High Court (28 March 2017) 271

Kenya

  • Nabori and ors v Attorney General and ors, High Court decision, Petition no. 466 of 2006, ILDC 1337 (KE 2007), 11 December 2007 1172

  • Waweru, Mwangi (joining) and ors (joining) v Kenya, Miscellaneous civil application, Case No 118 of 2004, 2 March 2006, ILDC 880 (KE 2006) 431, 1175

Mexico

  • Amparo under Review 828/2010, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 19 January 2011 293

  • Amparo under Review 815/2010, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 2 February 2011 293

  • Direct Amparo under review 2938/2010, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 16 February 2011 293

  • Amparo under Review 582/2010, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 9 March 2011 293

  • Amparo under Review 455/2011, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 29 June 2011 293

  • Amparo in Review 781/2011, SCJN, 2nd. Chamber, 14 March 2012 290

  • Amparo in Review 631/2012, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 8 May 2013 290

  • Amparo under Review 548/2016, SCJN, 1st Chamber, 19 October 2016 293 (p. xxvi)

  • Indirect amparo, file 1726/2013, Fourth District Court in Tabasco, 10 March 2017 293

  • Indirect amparo, file 1241/2016, Fifth District Court in Veracruz, 29 March 2017 293

  • Case P. LXXVII/99, SJFG, 9th Period, November 1999 280

  • Case P.IX/2007, SJFG, 9th Period, April 2007 280

  • Case I.4o.C.136 C., SJFG, 9th Period, Vol. XXVII, April 2008, 2381 292

  • Case 2a. LXXII/2010, SJFG, 9th Period, 2nd Chamber, Vol. XXXII, August 2010, 460 289

  • Case Law P./J. 38/2011, SJFG, 9th Period, Book I, Vol. 1, October 2011, 288 279

  • Case Law 1ª./J. 21/2012, SJFG, 10th Period, 1 Chamber, Book XIV, Vol. 1, November 2012, 610 293

  • Case Law P./J. 20/2014, SJFG, 10th Period, 25 April 2014 280

  • Case Law P./J. 21/2014, SJFG, 10th Period, 25 April 2014 280

  • Case I.9o.P.69 P., SJFG, 10th Period, Book 12, November 2014, 2928 281

  • Case XXVII.3o9 CS., SJFG, 10th Period, Book 37, December 2016, 1840 282

  • Civil Appeal 25/2015, Unit Court of the 26th Circuit, La Paz, Baja California Sur, 28 February 2017 292

Nepal

  • On behalf of Pro Public and on his own behalf, Advocate Prakash Mani Sharma, a resident of Ward No. 14, Kuleshwar, Kathmandu Metropolis, Kathmandu District and Others v Godavari Marble Industries Pvt. Ltd and Others, 068–WO-0082 1177

  • Prakash Mani Sharma v HMG Cabinet Secretariat (2007) Supreme Court of Nepal (WN 3027 of ‘2059’) 732

  • Surya Prasad Sharma Dhungel on behalf of Leaders Inc. Pvt Ltd v Godavari Marble Industries Pvt Ltd and Others (Writ Petition No. 35 of the year 2049 (1991)), 14 Kartik 2052 (1994), IELR 326 1174

Netherlands

  • G.J.P. Ziers v Provincial Executive Gelderland, Administrative Justice Division AB 1995 1180

  • Handelskwekerij G-J Bier B.V. Stichting Reinwater v Mines de Potasse d’Alsace S.A., 16 December 1983, (1984) 15 NYIL 471–84 1178

  • Mines de Potasse d’Alsace SA v Onroad Goed Maatschappij Bier BV and Others, 10 September 1986, IELR 343 1178

  • President Afd G RvS, 30 May 1984 1177

  • Shell, ECLI:NL:GHDHA:2015:3586 1155

  • Urgenda Foundation v The State of the Netherlands, C/09/456689/HA ZA 13–1396 (24 June 2015) 1174

  • Urgenda Foundation v The Netherlands C/09/456689/HA ZA 13–1396 The Hague District Court Chamber for Commercial Affairs 24 June 2015; affirmed on appeal C/09/456689/ HA ZA 13–1396 The Hague Court of Appeal 9 October 2018 544, 1109, 1110, 1174, 1180

  • Vereniging Milieudefensie et al v Royal Dutch Shell plc and Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Ltd, BK8616, Rechtbank’s-Gravenhage, HA ZA 330891 09–579 1149

New Zealand

  • Electricity Corporation of New Zealand Ltd v Manawatu-Wanganui Regional Council (Planning Tribunal W70/90, 29 October 1990), 95 805

  • Environmental Defence Society Incorporated v The New Zealand King Salmon Company Limited [2014] NZSC 38, [2014] 1 NZLR 593 802 (p. xxvii)

  • Fraser v Beckett and Sterling Ltd [1963] NZLR 480 1130

  • Statement of Claim, Thomson v Minister for Climate Change Issues, HCNZ, CIV-2015–10 November 2015 544

  • Sustain Our Sounds Incorporated v. The New Zealand King Salmon Company Ltd. [2014] NZSC 40 895

Pakistan

  • Asghar Leghari v Federation of Pakistan, Lahore High Court (WP No. 25501 of 2015) 732, 1056, 1174

  • Leghari v Federation of Pakistan (2015) W.P. No. 25501/2015, Lahore High Court 544

  • Mansoor Ali Shah v Government of Punjab (2007) CLD 533 Lahore High Court 732, 733

  • Zia, Shelhla v WAPAD PLD 1994 SC 693 653, 1065, 1076

Philippines

  • Metro. Manila Dev. Auth. v Concerned Residents of Manila Bay, G.R. No. 171947–48, 574 S.C.R.A. 661 (S.C., 18 December 2008) (Phil.) 431, 728, 733

Singapore

  • Public Prosecutor v Lim Niah Liang [1996] 3 SLR(R) 702; [1996] SGHC 265 307

South Africa

  • Aquarius Platinum (SA) (Pty) Ltd against the Minister of Mineral Resources and the Minister of Environmental Affairs and five others Unreported, case no. 25622/2014, Gauteng High Court 331

  • BP Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd v MEC for Agriculture, Conservation and Land Affairs 2004 (5) SA 124 (W) 318

  • City of Cape Town v Maccsand (Pty) Ltd and Others 2010 (3) SA 63 (WCC) 327–8

  • City of Cape Town v Maccsand (Pty) Ltd and Others 2011 (6) SA 633 (SCA) 327–8

  • City of Johannesburg and Others v Mazibuko and Others 2009 (3) SA 592 (SCA) 320

  • Communities for a Better Environment v City of Richmond 184 Cal.App.4th 70 (2010) 332

  • Director: Mineral Development, Gauteng Region v Save the Vaal Environment, 1992 2 SA 709 (SCA) 1057

  • Earthlife Africa (Cape Town) v DG: DEA&T and Eskom 2005 (3) SA 156 (C) 320

  • Earthlife Africa Johannesburg v The Minister of Environmental Affairs & Others [2017] 2 All SA 519 (GP) 319, 332

  • Earthlife Africa Johannesburg and South African Faith Communities’ Environment Institute v Minister of Energy and Others [2017] 3 All SA 187 (WCC) 319, 332–3

  • Fedsure Life Assurance Ltd v Greater Johannesburg Transitional Metropolitan Council 1998 (12) BCLR 1458 (CC) 321

  • Fuel Retailers Association of Southern Africa v Director-General: Environmental Management, Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment, Mpumalanga Province, and Others 2007 (6) SA 4 (CC); 2007 (10) BCLR 1059 (CC) 318–19, 325

  • Glenister v President of the Republic of South Africa and Others 2011 (3) SA 347 (CC); 2011 (7) BCLR 651 (CC) 317

  • Government of the Republic of South Africa and Others v Grootboom and others (CCT11/00) [2000] ZACC 19 1066–7

  • Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality v Gauteng Development Tribunal and Others 2010 (6) SA 182 (CC) 2010 (9) BCLR 859 326–7 (p. xxviii)

  • Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality v Gauteng Development Tribunal and Others 2010 (2) SA 554 (SCA); 2010 (1) BCLR 157 (SCA) 326–7

  • Louw NO and Others v Swartland Municipality (650/2010) [2011] ZASCA 142 (23 September 2011) 328

  • Maccsand (Pty) Ltd and Another v City of Cape Town and Others [2012] JOL 28669 (CC) 327–8

  • Mazibuko and Others v City of Johannesburg and Others [2008] 4 All SA 471 (W) 320, 1173, 1175

  • Mazibuko and Others v City of Johannesburg and Others CCT 39/09 [2009] ZACC 28 1067

  • Mazibuko and Others v City of Johannesburg and Others 2010 (4) SA 1 (CC) 320

  • MEC for Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Land Affairs, Gauteng v Sasol Oil [2006] 2 All SA 17 (SCA) 319

  • Mining and Environmental Justice Community Network of South Africa and others, and Minister of Environmental Affairs and Minister of Mineral Resources and others High Court, Gauteng Division (Case no. 50779/2017) 325

  • Minister for Environmental Affairs and Another v Aquarius Platinum (SA) (Pty) Ltd and Others (CCT102/15) [2016] ZACC 4; 2016 (5) BCLR 673 (CC) (23 February 2016) 331

  • Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry v Stilfontein Gold Mining Company and Others (7655/55,7655/55) [2006] ZAGPHC 47 (15 May 2006) 427

  • Premier of the Province of the Western Cape, The v The President of the RSA 1999 (4) BCLR 382 (CC) 321

  • Swartland Municipality v Louw NO and Others Case 2010 (5) SA 314 (WCC) 328

  • Vaal Environmental Justice Alliance v Appeal Company Secretary, ArcelorMittal SA 2015 (1) SA 515 (SCA) 320

South Korea

  • South Korean Constitutional Court, 2006 Hun-Ma711 (31 July 2008) 337

  • Constitutional Court 2010 Hun-Ba167 (23 August 2012) 343

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 72Da1774 (10 December 1974) 348

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 81Da558 (12 June 1984) 348

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 95Da2692 (27 June 1997) 348

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 2000Da65666 (22 October 2002) 348

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 2003 Da2123 (26 November 2004) 348

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 2004Ma1148, 1149 (combined, 2 June 2006), upholding Busan Appellate Court, 2004Ra41, 42 (combined, 29 November 2004) 338

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 2006Du330 (16 March 2006) 337

  • South Korean Supreme Court, 2012Du6322 (10 December 2015) 337

Spain

  • Supreme Court Judgment (Administrative Law Chamber) of 29 November 2006, appeal 933/2003 486

Sri Lanka

  • Bulankulama v Sec’y, Ministry of Indus. Dev. [2000] LKSC 18 1176

Switzerland

  • Kraftwerk Reckingen AG v Canton of Zurich and ors, Appeal judgment, BGE 129 II 114, ILDC 346 (CH 2002), 10 October 2002, Oxford Reports on International Law 1171

(p. xxix) United Kingdom

  • A v National Blood Authority [2001] 3 All ER 289 1103

  • AAA et al v Unilever and Unilever Tea Kenya Ltd [2017] EWHC 371 (QB) 1151

  • Alphacell v Woodward [1972] A.C. 824 (HOL) 1128–9

  • Assets Co Ltd v Mere Roihi [1905] AC 176 713

  • AXA General Insurance v Lord Advocate [2011] UKSC 46 369

  • Barr v Biffa Waste Services Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 312; [2013] Q.B. 455 1116

  • Blades v Higgs (1865) 11 HL Cas 621 708

  • Bolton v Stone [1951] AC 850 1102

  • Burnie Port v General Jones Pty. Ltd. [1994] HCA 13 1032

  • Californian Chamber of Commerce et al. v State Air Resources Board et al., C075954 (Super. Ct. Nos. 34–2013–80001464–CU-WM-GDS) 934

  • Cambridge Water Co Ltd v Eastern Counties Leather [1994] 1 All ER 53 HL 299, 1031

  • Caparo v Dickman [1990] 2 AC 605 1151–2

  • Case of Swans, The, (1592) 7 Co Rep 15b at 7b; Blades v Higgs (1865) 11 HL Cas 621 708

  • Chandler v Cape [2012] EWCA Civ 525 1155

  • Chief Constable of North Wales Police v Evans [1982] 3 All ER 141 729

  • Coventry (t/a RDC Promotions) v Lawrence [2014] UKSC 14 716

  • Cresswell v DPP [2006] EWHC 3379 Admin 708

  • Deutsche Bank AG v Total Global Steel Ltd [2012] EWHC 1201 1088

  • Downs v Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs [2009] Environmental Law Reports 19 355, 1084

  • Edwards v Environment Agency [2006] EWCA Civ 877 1076

  • Ellenborough Park, Re, [1956] Ch 131 709

  • Empress Car Company (Abertillery) Ltd v NRA [1998] Environmental Law Reports LR 39 361

  • Express Ltd (t/a Express Dairies Distribution) v Environment Agency [2003] Environmental Law Reports 29 361

  • Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd [2002] UKHL 22 1035, 1107

  • Fisher v English Nature [2005] Environmental Law Reports 10 368

  • Fishermen and Friends of the Sea v The Minister of Planning, Housing and the Environment (Trinidad and Tobago) [2017] UKPC 37 665

  • Fletcher v Rylands (1865–66) L.R. 1 Ex. 265 1103, 1155

  • Gorris v Scott (1874) L. R. 9 Ex. 125 1114

  • Kearry v Pattinson [1939] 1 KB 471 708

  • Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd [1997] AC 655 1032, 1100, 1102

  • Ineos Manufacturing Scotland Ltd v Grangemouth CHP Ltd [2011] EWHC 163 1088

  • Lawrence v Fen Tigers Ltd (No. 1) [2014] UKSC 13; [2014] AC 822 1108, 1116

  • Levy v Environment Agency [2002] EWHC 1663 (Admin) 1084

  • Liverpool CC v Irwin [1977] AC 256 710

  • London and Blenheim Estates Ltd v Ladbroke Retail Parks Ltd [1992] 1 WLR 1278, [1994] 1 WLR 31 709

  • Lungowe v Vedanta and Konkola [2017] EWCA Civ 1528 1151

  • Mott v Environment Agency [2018] UKSC 1 41

  • NRA v Biffa Waste Services [1996] Env LR 227 361

  • Okpabi v Shelll [2017] EWHC 89 (TCC) 1149–51, 1152

  • Petrodel v Prest [2013] UKSC 34 1156–7

  • Pride of Derby Angling and Derbyshire Angling Association Ltd v British Celanese Ltd [1952] Ch 149 708, 1107 (p. xxx)

  • Queen (on the application of Peter Wright) v Forest of Dean District Council [2016] EWHC 1349 (Admin); [2016] JPL 1235 746

  • R v Dovermoss [1995] Environmental Law Reports 258 361

  • R v (Edwards) v The Environment Agency [2004] EWHC 736 (Admin) 1088

  • R v Hammersmith London Borough Council, ex parte Burkett [2003] Environmental Law Reports 6 369

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  • R v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, ex parte Duddridge, The Times 26 October 1995 (CA); [2007] 1 WLR 1780 670

  • R v Somerset County Council, ex parte Fewings [1995] 1 WLR 1037 843

  • R v Thames Water Utilities [2015] Environmental Law Reports 36 361, 372

  • R v W [2013] Environmental Law Reports 15 362

  • R (Berky) v Newport City Council [2012] Environmental Law Reports 35 370

  • R (Buglife) v Medway Council [2011] Environmental Law Reports 27 370

  • R (Burridge) v Breckland District Council and Greenshoots Energy Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 888

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  • R (ClientEarth No. 3) v Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs [2018] EWHC 315 (Admin) 162

  • R (Crest Nicholson) v Secretary of State for the Environment [2010] EWHC 1561 (Admin), [2011] Env LR 1 639

  • R (on the application of Greenpeace) v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry [2007] EWHC 311 1076, 1171

  • R (Jackson) v Attorney General [2005] UKHL 56, [2006] 1 AC 262 795

  • R. (Jones) v Mansfield DC [2004] Env. L.R. 21 1084

  • R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union [2017] UKSC 5, [2017] 2 WLR 583 795

  • R (Mott) v Environment Agency [2016] EWCA Civ 564 762, 1084

  • R (Nicklinson) v Ministry of Justice [2014] UKSC 38, [2015] AC 657 795

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  • RHM Bakeries (Scotland) Ltd v Strathclyde Regional Council 1985 SC (HL) 17 1032

  • ROSS Group Ltd v Environment Agency [2007] Environmental Law Reports 8 363

  • Rylands v Fletcher (1868) LR 3 HL 330 299, 1031–2, 1099, 1103

  • Salomon v A Salomon & Co Ltd [1896] UKHL 1, [1897] AC 22 1158

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  • Sedleigh-Denfield v O’Callaghan [1940] AC 880 1104

  • Smyth v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government [2015] EWCA Civ 174 1083

  • St Helens Smelting Co. v Tipping (1865) 11 HLC 642 716 (p. xxxi)

  • Stack v Dowden [2007] UKHL 17, [2007] 2 AC 432 795

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  • Tombesi Litigation [1998] Env. L. R. 59 155

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  • Wilkes v Depuy International Limited [2016] EWHC 3096 (QB) 1103

United States

  • Agent Orange, In re, 745 F.2d 161 (2d Cir 1984) 1039

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  • Bristol-Myers, USSC No.16–466. Decided 19 June 2017 1147

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  • Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v Natural Resources Defense Council, 467 U.S. 837 (1984) 389

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  • Connor v Burford, 848 F.2d 1441 (9th Cir. 1988) 477

  • Conway v O’Brien 111 F.2d 611 (1940) 1102

  • Cook v Lewis [1951] SCR 830; [1952] 1 DLR 1 1107

  • Corrosion Proof Fittings v EPA, 947 F.2d 1201 (5th Cir. 1991) 593–4, 599

  • Daimler v Bauman USSC No. 11–965. 1146–7, 1148

  • De La Cruz and ors v Gulf Coast Marine & Associates Incorporated and ors, Decision on motion to dismiss, 9:09–CV-00167(ED Tex 2011), ILDC 1774 (US 2011), 7 March 2011 1178 (p. xxxii)

  • Defenders of Wildlife v Babbitt, 95 8 F. Supp. 670 (D.D.C. 1997) 477

  • Defenders of Wildlife v Endangered Species Scientific Authorities, 659 F.2d 168 (1981) 1179

  • Diamond, Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks v Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303 (1980) 526, 527

  • Doe I v Unocal Corp., 395 F.3d 932 (9th Cir. 2002), rehearing en banc granted, 395 F.3d 978 (9th Cir. 2003), and vacated and appeal dismissed following settlement, 403 F. 3d 708 (9th Cir. 2005) 1144

  • Earth Island Institute v U.S. Forest Service, 351 F.3d 1291 (9th Cir. 2003) 888

  • Escola v Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Fresno, 24 Cal. 2d 453, 150 P.2d 436 (Cal. 1944) 1032

  • Exxon Shipping Co. v. Baker, 554 U.S. 471 S. Ct. 2605 (2008) 1037

  • Filartiga v Pena-Irala, 630 F.2d 876 (2d Cir. 1980) 1143

  • Flores and ors v Southern Peru Copper Corporation, 29 August 2003, ILDC 303 (US 2003) 1173, 1174

  • Friends for All Children Inc. v Lockheed Aircraft Corp., 746 F.2d 816 (D.C.Cir. 1984) 1037

  • Georgia v Tennessee Copper (1907) 398

  • Greater Boston Television Corp. v FCC, 44 F2d 841 (DC Cir 1970) 893

  • Greenman v Yuba Power Products, Inc., 59 Cal. 2d 57, 377 P.2d 897 (Cal. 1963) 1032

  • Greenpeace v Stone, 748 F.Supp. 749 1168

  • Henningsen v Bloomfield Motors, Inc., 32 N.J. 358, 161 A.2d 69 (N.J. 1960) 1032

  • Hibberd, ex parte 227 U.S.PQ. 443 (Bd. Pat. App. & Int. 1985) 526, 527

  • High Sierra Hikers Association v Weingardt, 521 F. Supp. 2d 1065 (N.D. Ca. 2007) 895

  • HJ Justin and Sons v Brown, 519 F.Supp 1383 1168

  • Hodel v Virginia Surface Mining & Reclamation Association, Decision of 15 June 1981, 452 U.S. 264, (1981) 695–6

  • Hughes v Oklahoma, 441 U.S. 322 (1979) 474

  • Ill. Cent. R.R. v Illinois, 146 U.S. 387 (1892) 431

  • International Shoe v State of Washington—326 U.S. 310 (1945) 1146

  • Intertanko v Lowry, 947 F.Supp 1484 (1996) 1170

  • Jesner et al. v Arab Bank, USSC No.16–499 1147, 1148

  • Kennecott Copper Corporation v EPA 462 F 2d 846 (DC Cir 1972) 762, 1084

  • Kiobel v Royal Dutch Petroleum Co., 621 F. 3d 111 (2d Cir. 17 September 2010) 1141, 1144, 1145–6, 1148

  • Khulumani v Barclay Nat’l Bank Ltd, 504 F.3d 254 (2d Cir. 2007) 1144–5

  • Kleppe v Sierra Club, 427 US 390 (1976) 893

  • Institute of Cetacean Research v Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, No. 11–cv-2043 (W.D. Wash. 20 December 2015) 1143

  • Lead Industries Association v EPA, 647 F.2d 1130 (D.C.Cir.1980), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 1042 (1980) 378

  • Lucas v South Carolina Coastal Council 505 U.S. 1003 (1992) 377

  • Lujan v Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555 (1992) 393

  • Lungisile Ntsebeza, et al v Ford Motor Company et al, USSC No 15–2020 1147

  • MacPherson v Buick Motor Co., 217 N.Y. 382, 111 N.E. 1050 (N.Y. 1916) 1032

  • Man Hing Ivory v Denkmejian, 702 F.2d 760 (1983) 1170

  • Markle Interests, L.L.C. v U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, No. 14–31008 (5th Cir. 30 June 2016) 479

  • Marsh v Oregon Natural Resources Council, 490 US 360 (1988) 887

  • Martin v Waddell, 41 U.S. 367 (1842) 431

  • Maryland v Louisiana, 451 U.S. 725 (1981) 908

  • Massachusetts v EPA, 549 U.S. 497 (2007) 409, 415, 538, 542

  • Metro-North Commuter R.R. Co. v Buckley, 521 U.S. 424 S. Ct. 2113 (1997) 1037 (p. xxxiii)

  • Morisette v United States 342 US 246 (1952) 1130

  • Morrison v National Austtralia Bank USSC No. 10–1491 1145

  • Narmada Bachao Aandolan v India, ex parte Narmada Control Authority and ex parte Ministry of Water Resources of India, Original writ petition, AIR 2000 SC 3751, ILDC 169 (IN 2000), 18 October 2000 1176

  • National Audubon Society v Superior Court, 658 P. 2d 709 (1983), US Supreme Court review denied, 463 U.S. 977 (1983) 431

  • National Federation of Independent Business v Sebelius, 132 S. Ct. 2566 (2012) 908

  • Natural Resources Defense Council v Environmental Protection Agency and Methyl Bromide Industry Panel of the American Chemistry Council (intervening), Judgment After Rehearing, Docket No 04–1438, 464 F.3d 1 (2006), 373 U.S.App.D.C. 223 (2006) 1173

  • Natural Resources Defense Council Inc. v Hodel, 865 F 2d 288 (DC Cir. 1988) 887

  • New Energy Co. of Indiana v Limbach, 486 U.S. 269 (1988) 908

  • Northern Counties Investment Trust v Sears, 41 P. 931 (Or. 1895) 910

  • Palazzolo v Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001) 435

  • Penn Central Transportation Co. v New York City, 38 U.S. 104 (1978) 377

  • Pennsylvania Environmental Defense Fund v Commonwealth, 2017, No. 10 MAP 2015 1058

  • Piedmont Envtl. Council v FERC, 558 F.3d 304 (4th Cir. 200) 564

  • Potter v Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., 6 Cal. 4th 965 P.2d 795 (Cal. 1993) 1037

  • Robinson Township v Commonwealth, 83 A.3d 901 (Pa.2013) 1058

  • Sindell v Abbott Laboratories 26 Cal. 3d 588 P. 2d 924 (Cal. 1980) 1034, 1107

  • Sissel v U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 760 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2014) 910

  • Sosa v Alvarez-Machain, 124 S. Ct. 2739, 2769 (2004) 1143, 1144

  • Southwest Center for Biological Diversity v Babbitt, 926 F. Supp. 920, 927 (D. Ariz. 1996) 477

  • Spur Industries, Inc v. Del E. Webb Development Co 108 Ariz. 178 (1972) 1009

  • State v Kemp, 44 N.W.2d 214 (S.D. 1950) 1170

  • State, Department of Parks v Idaho Department of Water Administration, 530 Pacific Reporter 2d 924 (Idaho 1974) 430

  • State Ice Co. v Liebermann, 285 U.S. 262, 311 (1932) 690

  • State of Missouri v Holland, 252 U.S. 416 (1920) 1177

  • Strycker’s Bay Neighborhood Council Inc. v Karlen, 444 U.S. 223 (1980) 386

  • Summers v Tice 33 Cal.2d 80 (1948) 1107

  • TVA v Hill, 437 U.S. 153 (1978) 484

  • TXO Prod. Corp. v Alliance Res. Corp., 509 U.S. 443 S.Ct. 2711 (1993) 1037

  • Union Electric Company v EPA, 427 U.S. 246 (1976) 379

  • United States v Dotterweich 320 US 277 (1943) 1130

  • United States v Lopez, 514 U.S. 549 (1995) 53

  • United States v One Etched Ivory Tusk of African Elephant, 871 F.Supp.2d 128 (2012) 1172

  • West Virginia et al. v EPA et al (9 February 2016) 577 U.S. 409, 415, 538, 542

(p. xxxiv)