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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the main characteristics of German environmental law. It first explains how powers are allocated with regards to environmental law in Germany, focusing on environmental protection as a so-called national objective, anchored in the German Federal Constitution, the Basic Law (Grundgesetz); the devolution of legislative and executive competences with respect to German environmental law; and how the law is shaped by international obligations. The discussion then turns to the structure and substance of German environmental law, particularly as it applies to air pollution control, water management and water protection, waste management, nature and species protection, and nuclear energy. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the implementation framework for German environmental law, taking into account how the government resorts to the concept of ‘normative concretization’ to address implementation-related issues arising from complex projects.

Keywords: comparative environmental law, Germany, enforcement and administration of environmental law, water, pollution

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