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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines how—and the extent to which—public international law influences domestic environmental law. It first considers the assumption that the domestic–international divide is relevant to understanding current legal processes in the field of environmental governance before exploring the status of international law within domestic systems. In particular, it discusses the theoretical frameworks used to explain how domestic legal systems relate to public international law, including the dualism versus monism dichotomy, and the main transposition techniques used to integrate international law into domestic legal systems. The chapter also describes the effects of international law within domestic law in terms of unit of analysis, types of incidence, and the beneficiaries of these effects. Finally, it looks at factors that influence a state’s approach to the interactions between its legal system relative to environmental protection and public international law.

Keywords: comparative environmental law, dualism, monism, relationship between international and domestic law, non-self-executing treaty, direct effect

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