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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the environmental law of South Africa. It first considers how powers are allocated with regards to environmental law, taking into account the constitutional and other bases of South African environmental law, the elevated status of international law in South African domestic law, relevant provisions of the Bill of Rights with respect to environmental rights and sustainable development, and distribution of competences among national, provincial, and local governments regarding environmental governance. The chapter goes on to discuss the structure and substance of South Africa’s environmental law, focusing on the National Environmental Management Act (NEMA) and the environmental principles and sectorial laws it contains. It also analyses the implementation framework for environmental law, describing cooperative governance in practice and the role of relevant governmental departments from integration to sectorialization. Finally, it provides an overview of the legal conundrums created by the so-called One Environmental System (OES).

Keywords: comparative environmental law, sustainable development, governments, South Africa, jurisdiction of states, enforcement and administration of environmental law

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