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date: 17 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the environmental law of Indonesia. It first provides an overview of the allocation of powers with respect to Indonesia’s environmental law, taking into account the constitutional basis of environmental protection and the Ministry of Environment’s devolution of powers for managing the environment. The chapter then considers the structure and substance of environmental regulations as they apply to pollution control and hazardous waste, air pollution and climate change, and marine and fisheries. It concludes with an analysis of the implementation framework for environmental law, focusing on the creation of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry via the merger of the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Forestry. Judicial enforcement of environmental law is also explored, with emphasis on the role of certified judges assigned to the general and administrative courts, judicial decisions and enforcement, judicial review in the Constitutional Court, judicial reasoning, and enforcement of Constitutional Court decisions.

Keywords: comparative environmental law, Indonesia, pollution, climate change, enforcement and administration of environmental law

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