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Adherence and Conversion to Daoism  

Louis Komjathy

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
The chapter examines adherence and conversion in the Daoist religious tradition. In addition to discussing “conversion” as a comparative category and as a cultural phenomenon in China, ... More

African-American Methodism  

William B. Gravely

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
The eighteenth-century evangelical revival in the American colonies gave Africans settings to claim some free space in their lives. Evangelists were delighted that their converts responded ... More

Albanians’ Islam(s)  

Isa Blumi and Gezim Krasniqi

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Albanians in the Balkans present a unique socio-political case of how an ‘ethnic’ group’s collective identity is not formed by religion alone. Constituting the majority population in the ... More

Anthropology of Religious Conversion  

Henri Gooren

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This chapter analyzes important approaches in anthropology that have dealt with religious change. The central question is how anthropologists identify and analyze the main factors in the ... More

Atheism, Gender, and Sexuality  

Melanie Elyse Brewster

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
The present article explores scholarship regarding links between atheism, gender, and sexuality. A review and analysis of available theory and research is presented through a social ... More

Beyond the God/Man Duo: Globalization, Feminist Theology, and Religious Subjectivity  

Ellen T. Armour

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This chapter considers analyses offered by three important feminist scholars, working in different religious traditions, who attend to specific forms of women's religiosity. In Changing ... More

Beyond Theology of Religions: The Epistemological and Ethical Challenges of Inter-religious Engagement  

Sharon D. Welch

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
For the past one hundred years, the primary form of scholarly inter-religious encounter has been inter-religious dialogue. While fruitful, such an approach is also severely limited, ... More

Bisexual People  

Margaret Robinson

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
Although bisexuals make up over half of sexual minority people, theology has not adequately addressed the experiences of bisexual people, nor the bisexual theory and theology that we have ... More

Body and Word  

Alison Jasper

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article uses the term ‘equivocation’ to describe the sense in which Christian incarnational theology appears to have provided a resource or way of thinking about the embodied human ... More

Buddhism  

Rita M. Gross

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
Because Buddhism is a non-theistic religion, its concepts of ultimate reality do not include the kind of deity familiar from most religions. Instead, one does find anthropomorphic ... More

Buddhist Conversion in the Contemporary World  

Dan Smyer Yü

Print publication date:
Apr 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
Buddhism is one of the fastest growing religions in the world. The increasing number of new Buddhists is often found in modern communities of the West and Asia. Existing scholarly ... More

The Challenges of Globalization for Muslim Women  

Zayn Kassam

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Globalization has brought with it many benefits “from above” with respect to opening up employment and trade opportunities on a massive scale, and has facilitated, in some cases, a ... More

Chaste Bodies, Salacious Thoughts: The Sexual Trials of the Medieval Clergy  

Dyan Elliott

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
At the centre of the clerical vocation was the conundrum of balancing the clergy’s commitment to chastity with the many aspects of their professional training and responsibilities that ... More

The Christian Reconstruction Movement in U.S. Politics  

Julie Ingersoll

For more than half a century, Rousas John Rushdoony and his followers have articulated and disseminated what they understand to be a biblical worldview, based in aspects of traditional ... More

Conflicts Within the Anglican Communion  

Jane Shaw

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
The churches of the Anglican Communion discussed issues of sex and gender throughout the twentieth century and into the twenty-first century. Arguments about gender focused on the ... More

Conflicts Within the Black Churches  

Angelique Harris

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This essay examines conflicts concerning sex, sexuality, and gender within Black churches. Black churches are American Protestant churches with a predominantly Black leadership and ... More

Conflicts Within the Roman Catholic Church  

Linda Hogan

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter situates the controversies about sex and gender in the Roman Catholic Church within the context of ongoing debates about the nature of the Church, the dynamism of the ... More

The Construction of Gender in the New Testament  

Colleen M. Conway

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter begins with a brief overview of the theorists who have shaped gender analytical work on the New Testament, especially the application of gender theory in classical studies. It ... More

Contributions from Anthropology  

Simon Coleman and Anna Stewart

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This chapter provides an overview of anthropological research on the ways in which religions both construct and constrain gender and sexuality. Using examples drawn from a wide range of ... More

Contributions from Biology  

Neil Messer

Print publication date:
Nov 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This chapter surveys biological research on selected topics in human sexuality and reproduction. It begins with a brief introduction to the approaches of evolutionary biology and ... More

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