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Accessibility and Reference Production: The Interplay Between Linguistic and Non-Linguistic Factors  

Jorrig Vogels, Emiel Krahmer, and Alfons Maes

Print publication date:
Feb 2019
Online publication date:
Mar 2019
This chapter reviews recent research on speakers’ referential choices in discourse. It focuses on the choice to mention a certain referent first on the one hand, and to produce a pronoun ... More

Accommodation  

David Beaver and Henk Zeevat

Print publication date:
Feb 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the complex and intricate problem of accommodation, which sits right at the linguistic interface between semantics and pragmatics. Accommodation is an inferential ... More

Adjective Meaning and Scales  

Stephanie Solt

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
The topics of adjective meaning and scalarity offer a prime example of the benefits of experimental research in formal semantics. This chapter presents a series of case studies ... More

Adjectives and Event Structure  

Rebekah Baglini and Christopher Kennedy

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter investigates the relationship between adjectives and event structure by looking at properties of deverbal adjectives and deadjectival verbs. Although simple adjectives are not ... More

Adverbials  

Monika Rathert

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there ... More

Aircraft Names  

Guy Puzey

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter covers examples of naming practices for aircraft types as well as for individual airframes, focusing on heavier-than-air aircraft, in other words machines intended to move ... More

Alternative Semantics  

Mats Rooth

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
This chapter presents the semantics and pragmatics of prosodic focus in alternative semantics. Half a dozen examples are given of empirical phenomena that are to be covered by the theory. ... More

Analyses of the Modal Meanings  

Jan Nuyts

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This article deals with the semantic analysis of the notion of modality, surveying the most important traditional views in linguistics. After pointing out the problems encountered in the ... More

Analyses of the Semantics of Mood  

Irina Nikolaeva

Print publication date:
Jul 2016
Online publication date:
Dec 2014
This article examines the semantics of “mood”, both in the sense of the opposition among clause types, that is, “sentential/sentence moods,” or “sentential forces”, and in the sense of the ... More

Animal Names  

Katharina Leibring

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter discusses the names of domestic animals from both a diachronic and a synchronic point of view. The focus is on the names of production animals and of companion animals in ... More

Antecedent-Contained Deletion  

Kristen Syrett

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter introduces the linguistic phenomenon of Antecedent-Contained Deletion (ACD): a type of construction in which a site of Verb Phrase Ellipsis (VPE) is contained in the ... More

An anthropological approach to taboo words and language  

Stanley H. Brandes

Print publication date:
Nov 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
The anthropological approach to taboo words and language begins with an understanding and acceptance of cultural relativity. Anthropologists are keenly aware that everyday speech that ... More

Aspectual Classes  

Anita Mittwoch

Print publication date:
Mar 2019
Online publication date:
May 2019
This chapter deals with meaning elements of the predicate that are mainly connected with temporal characteristics other than those, like tense, that are directly connected to the speech ... More

Astronomical Names  

Marc Alexander

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The study of astronomical naming practices sits at the intersection of astronomy and onomastics, and reveals much about scientific and general culture in both the historical background of, ... More

Botanical Collecting  

Barry J. Conn

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article illustrates the requirement of plants and their association with people. Since plants are a very important part of the material and cultural heritage of all communities, those ... More

Bynames and Nicknames  

Eva Brylla

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter presents bynaming systems in the North and West Germanic areas. The terms byname and nickname are classified, with the former being used here as an inclusive term, and the ... More

Can Prototype Representations Support Composition And Decomposition?  

Lila R. Gleitman, Andrew C. Connolly, and Sharon Lee Armstrong

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews two kinds of experimental evidence from laboratories that challenge the adequacy of prototypes for representing human concepts. First, experiments suggesting that ... More

The case for compositionality  

Zoltán Gendler Szabó

Print publication date:
Feb 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents three more-or-less-traditional considerations for compositionality. The first is that the usual statement of the compositionality principle is massively ambiguous. ... More

Case in Formal Semantics  

Helen de Hoop and Joost Zwarts

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Case has not received a lot of attention from formal semanticists, probably because the approach has mostly focused on languages with relatively sparse case systems. This article examines ... More

Case, Grammatical Relations, and Semantic Roles  

Beatrice Primus

Print publication date:
Nov 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an overview of the basic issues concerning the relationship between case, grammatical relations, and semantic roles such as agent and patient. In most approaches, ... More

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