View:

Bronze Age Central Asia  

Paula Doumani Dupuy

Online publication date:
Jun 2016

...domesticates into northern Central Asia, once they had already spread into the region from Southwest Asia. The hundreds of years that it took to grow crops locally in northern Central Asia suggests a slow process of integration; however, testing of this hypothesis will rely on more excavations of comparative settlements along foothill zones of Central Asia and fuller reconstructions of the economy and dietary practices of these groups overall. By contrast, direct evidence for Bronze Age crop agriculture in the steppes of northern Central Asia has not been found despite...

Theology in Central Asia  

Nathan Spannaus

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014

... and it remained current in Central Asia for centuries and was frequently studied and commented upon. 23 Ibn ʿArabī himself loomed large over Central Asian Sufism. His wujūdī metaphysics was incredibly influential, inspiring a significant number of theological works. His ontological ideas were quickly adopted into pre-existing trends of Sufi thought among followers of the Kubravi order, which was well established in Central Asia in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries ( Morris 1986 : 745–51), 24 and his philosophy became central to the theological and metaphysical...

Pre-Islamic Central Asia  

Georgina Herrmann

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2012

...(1994). Origins of the Bronze Age Oasis Civilization in Central Asia. Cambridge, Mass. —— with Kakamurad Kurbansakhatov (2003). A Central Asia: Village at the Dawn of Civilization: Excavations at Anau, Turkmenistan. Philadelphia. —— and L amberg -K arlovsky , C. C. (1992). Central Asia and the Indo-Iranian borderlands Iran , 30: 1–15. —— and D yson , R. H. Jnr. (2002). Prehistoric Nishapur and the frontier between Central Asia and Iran. Iranica Antiqua , 37: 113–49. History of Civilizations of Central Asia (HC). I, The Dawn of Civilization: Earliest Times to...

Islamic Communities in Central Asia  

Richard C. Foltz

Print publication date:
Oct 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009

...Mughal India and Central Asia. Karachi: Oxford University Press. Hopkirk, Peter. 1994. The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia. New York: Kodansha. Khalid, Adeeb. 1998. The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press. Poliakov, Sergei. 1992. Everyday Islam: Religion and Tradition in Rural Central Asia. Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe. Rashid, Ahmed. 2003. Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. New York: Penguin. Roy, Olivier. The New Central Asia: The Creation of Nations...

Central Asia and the Silk Road  

Étienne de la Vaissière

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012

...of the Tarim basin; 13 a Central Asian polytheistic form of Zoroastrianism, which dominated the settled land of western Central Asia; 14 and the Sky and Earth cult of the Turks, poorly understood from contemporary sources. 15 The Great Invasion Western Central Asia opens directly on the steppe belt and its nomadic empires, while eastern Central Asia is protected by the Tianshan mountains and the deserts. Thus the Hunnic invasion that marked the beginning of our period was an important factor only in western Central Asian history. Several independent...

Islam and Politics in Central Asia  

Shireen Hunter

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013

...radicalize Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Moreover, Central Asia and the Caucasus is paying a price for the Russian/Soviet practice of undermining these regions’ traditional and more moderate Islam, which has created an opportunity for more strict and/or radical interpretations of Islam and their proponents from the Arab World and South Asia to find their way into these regions. This, too, has given a radical tinge to the interaction of Islam and politics in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Notes 1. Some parts of Central Asia and the Caucasus...

East Asia and Central Eurasia  

Peter C. Perdue

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012

... Chapter 22 East Asia and Central Eurasia Peter C. Perdue Since ancient times, East Asia and Central Eurasia have been connected to the world. Nationalist histories, however, have focused on the internal ‘unity’ of each of the nation-states of East Asia—China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam—while Central Eurasia has been fragmented into ‘Inner Asia’ (Mongolia, Tibet, Xinjiang, and Manchuria) and ‘Central Asia’ (former soviet Central Asia). These arbitrary divisions ignore similarities and interactions within Asia, and they no longer fit the post-1989 world. G...

Forced Migration in Broader Central Asia  

Alessandro Monsutti and Bayram Balci

Print publication date:
Jun 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014

...Migration: Cultural Dimensions of the Afghan Refugee Problem’. International Migration Review 20(2): 313–25. Farquharson, M. (2011) Statelessness in Central Asia. Geneva: UNHCR. < http://www.unhcr.org/4dfb592e9.html >. Gemenne, F. , and Reuchlin, P. (2008) ‘Climate Change and Displacement in Central Asia’. Forced Migration Review 31: 14–15. Kelly, L. (2005) Fertile Fields: Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia. Geneva: International Organization for Migration. < http://publications.iom.int/bookstore/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=184 >. ...

Central Asia’s Inside-Out Foreign Economic Relations  

Alexander Cooley

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014

...terms of regional geopolitics, Korea’s moves in Central Asia compete with China’s growing economic influence, but also reflect a belief that large, integrated Korean firms enjoy an advantage in providing a range of services to Central Asian partners in complex investments ( Fumagalli 2011 ). Similarly, the South Asian countries have been expanding their economic cooperation with Central Asia, though the level of economic turnover has often failed to match ambitious rhetoric. India, especially, has viewed Central Asia as a potential sphere of influence and even developed...

Commercial Linkages with Central Asia and Iran  

Scott C. Levi

Online publication date:
Aug 2020

...Politics in Early Modern South and Central Asia (London: I. B. Tauris, 2012). 9. For a recent example, see Christopher I. Beckwith, Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009), 241–242. For a recent critique of that view, see Scott C. Levi, “Early Modern Central Asia in World History,” History Compass 10, no. 11 (2012): 866–877. 10. See Scott C. Levi, The Bukharan Crisis: A Connected History of 18 th -Century Central Asia (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh...

Rock Art of Northern, Central, and Western Asia  

Andrzej Rozwadowski

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Apr 2017

...Northern and Central Asia, rock art became an integral part of archaeological research programs having thrived since Soviet times. As a result, rock art in this part of Asia is much better recognized than in Western Asia, where rock art research, overshadowed by the spectacular monuments of great Middle Eastern civilizations, is still in an early stage of study ( Lemaître 2012 ). For these reasons, this chapter is divided into two parts: the first focuses on Northern and Central Asia, the second on Western Asia. Northern and Central Asia In Central Asia, rock...

A Synthetic Approach to Foreign Security Relations and Policies in Central Asia  

Sally N. Cummings

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014

...exclusive to the Central Asian states, the more high-profile organizations are those that also include states from outside Central Asia. The three most high-profile regional organizations have been the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), and the Customs Union (CU) under the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) framework. 1 We begin, however, with intra–Central Asian cooperation. 25.3.1. Intra-Central Asian Cooperation One effective area of security cooperation limited to the Central Asian states themselves...

Subsistence economy, animal domestication, and herd management in prehistoric central Asia (Neolithic–Iron Age)  

Norbert Benecke

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017

...prehistoric central Asia (Neolithic–Iron Age) Norbert Benecke Introduction Central Asia is the core region of the Asian continent and stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. Politically, the area encompasses the five countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. Central Asia is a large region of varied geography, including mountain ranges in the south (Tian Shan), vast deserts and semi-deserts (Kara Kum, Kyzyl Kum) in its central part,...

Central Asian States  

Marina Girshovich

Print publication date:
Sep 2019
Online publication date:
Oct 2019

... 29 Central Asian States Marina Girshovich 1 Introduction * This chapter looks at the experiences of five Central Asian states—Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan—with international law over the past three decades. 1 It identifies some of the distinctive features of Central Asian states’ approaches towards international law. The research is comparative in nature, including both horizontal (across states) and vertical (across time) elements. The commonalities in the stance of Central Asian states on matters...

Christian Minorities on the Central Asian Silk Roads  

Sébastien Peyrouse

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014

...by recruiting new members from other confessions. Thus, although the isolation of Central Asia presented an inconvenience for Orthodoxy, for the Protestants it sometimes turned out to be an asset. 8 Moreover, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union the diminutive Catholic churches in Central Asia developed new organizational structures. In the follow-up to the Asian Synod in Rome in 1998 the Catholic churches in Central Asia became associated members within the Federation of Asian Bishops’ Conferences (FABC). 9 The Increase in Diversity since the 1990s...

India’s Bifurcated Look to ‘Central Eurasia’: The Central Asian Republics and Afghanistan  

Emilian Kavalski

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2015

...countries. It has also meant that India no longer has direct geographic access to Afghanistan and the countries of Central Asia as a result of its strategic confrontation with Pakistan. For Central Eurasia, the transformation of Tsarist Russia into the Soviet Union has led to the prioritization of Moscow in the geopolitical outlook of Central Asian states, which also severed the traditional connections between the Central Asian states with Afghanistan and South Asia for much of the Cold War period. It is this fraught and complex history that Indian policy-makers often refer...

Principal Developments and Future Directions in Asia’s Trade  

Christopher Dent

Print publication date:
Oct 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2014

...interdependencies among the Asian economies. 14.3.3. Profiling Asia’s Trade by Region Asia is a continent comprising many regional components. This chapter focuses on its main regions: East Asia, South Asia, and Central Asia. As table 14.1 clearly indicates, East Asia is by far the most dominant of the three, accounting for just under 90 percent of Asia’s economy and trade. In contrast, South Asia represents about 10 percent and Central Asia a mere 1 to 2 percent. Furthermore, East Asia has been the most dynamic element of Asia for the last five decades...

Introduction  

Francis X. Clooney SJ

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014

...especially among evangelical and Pentecostal churches that are also thriving in many pockets of contemporary Asia, at times existing neck-and-neck with the hybrid Asian Christians.” Many of these churches, he admits, still tend to conceive of conversion as a total change of cultural and religious identity, and seek alternatives to the phenomenon of multiple belonging seemingly so central to religious and Christian identities in Asia today. In “In the Light of Asia: Reflections of a Western Christian,” Francis X. Clooney, a member of the editorial team for the Handbook...

Introduction  

Angela Wai Ching Wong

Print publication date:
Jul 2014
Online publication date:
Sep 2014

...severe conflict such as Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Asian Christianities are therefore windows to the many possibilities of living the faith in a contemporary world with ever-changing social and cultural meanings. In the end, the central question for Asian Christianities in the formation of the social and cultural processes of the region is the quest for the Asian resistant subject. Not only must Christianity become fully immersed in Asian societies as an integral part but also it must fulfill the long-standing aspiration of Asian Christians to become useful to the advancement...

Asian American Religious History  

Helen Jin Kim, Timothy Tseng, and David K. Yoo

Print publication date:
Apr 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2016

...debates assimilation of Western culture versus retention of Asian heritage: Is Asian American Christianity in general and Asian American evangelicalism in particular a form of colonial mimicry or indigenous expression? The categories of assimilation, hybridity, and transnationalism emerge as central concepts in debating this question. The initial literature on Asian American evangelicalism argues for assimilation. Busto suggests that evangelicalism reinforces the stereotype of the “model minority” for Asian American evangelical college students, pressuring them to...

View: