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A “Tomboy” and a “Lady”: Religion, Modernity, and Youth Culture in Twentieth-Century Zanzibar  

Corrie Decker

Online publication date:
Sep 2021
Religion remained a significant factor in youth cultures that emerged during the twentieth century, and it continues to do so in the twenty-first century. In many places around the world, ... More

Africa: The Forgotten Drug Continent  

Neil Carrier

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
Much historical and ethnographic research highlights a long relationship of humanity with psychoactive substances. However, most of this research has focused on prehistoric and ancient ... More

Ancient American Civilizations, States, and Drugs  

Stacey Schwartzkopf

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
Early states in the Americas integrated drugs and alcohol into their strategies of rule in diverse ways and to varying degrees. This chapter evaluates current scholarship on the ... More

Celebrating Holidays and Instilling Values: Religion, Nationalism, and Youth Organization in Twentieth-Century Youth Culture  

Dylan Baun

Online publication date:
May 2021
Religion is not often a subtopic in historical studies on youth culture in the twentieth century. This is because scholars often stress the retreat of religion in the face of global ... More

The Changing Field of Sports History in Australasia  

Gary Osmond

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
This chapter focuses on sport historiography in Australia and New Zealand, with three broad aims: to survey historic and historiographic developments, to consider the historiographical ... More

Chronology  

Alison Bashford

Print publication date:
Sep 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012

The Chronology provides a detailed outline of the relevant publications, organizations, and statutes from the year 1859 to 1989 that relate to the field of eugenics.

Cities of the Ancient Mediterranean  

Robin Osborne and Andrew Wallace‐Hadrill

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This article shows that many different ways of inhabiting the city were already developed in antiquity and uncovers some of the basic tensions between (economic and other) dependence and ... More

Colonial Cities  

Thomas R. Metcalf

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This article examines the growth and distinctive character of colonial cities as they developed over time. It begins with discussions of the early modern period and the great age of empire ... More

Colonial Tourism  

Eric Jennings

Online publication date:
Jun 2022
Spanning all continents except for Antarctica, this entry seeks to uncover some of the trends and tropes of colonial tourism. It first considers definitions as well as unique and shared ... More

Colonialism, Consumption, ControlDrugs in Modern Asia  

James H. Mills

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter explores the recent wave of revisionist research on the consumption and control of drugs in Asia from the nineteenth century onward. Examples from China, India, and across ... More

The Columbian Exchange  

Rebecca Earle

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Columbian Exchange refers to the flow of plants, animals and microbes across the Atlantic Ocean and beyond. Coined in 1972 by the historian Alfred Crosby, the Columbian Exchange set in ... More

Coming of Age in Elite Families, c. 1200–c. 1650  

Louise J. Wilkinson

Online publication date:
Sep 2021
Access to wealth and privileged status lent the youth culture of the aristocracies of Western Europe a distinctive flavor in the medieval and early modern periods. Issues touching wardship, ... More

Conclusion: Cities in Time  

Penelope J. Corfield

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
There is no instant theory or single factor that explains the waxing and waning of towns and cities, and major interpretations of urban change avoid highlighting one static causal factor. ... More

Contemporary Metropolitan Cities  

Xiangming Chen and Henry Fitts

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This article discusses the growth of metropolitan cities and city-regions, most notably in the United States, East and South East Asia, and Latin America. The analysis focuses on patterns ... More

Contested Territory: Non-elite Youth and Youth Culture in Premodern Europe  

Adriana Benzaquén

Online publication date:
Sep 2021
The extent to which non-elite youth in premodern Western societies had a culture of their own is an open question. “Youth culture” here refers to the many ways in which young people found ... More

The Creation and Impact of Global Drug Prohibition  

David Bewley-Taylor

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter examines the development of the international drug control system from its inception in 1909 through to the United Nations General Assembly on Drugs (UNGASS) in 1998. It begins ... More

Culinary Tourism  

Lucy M. Long

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
A product of both world history and contemporary mass culture, culinary tourism is a scholarly field of study that is emerging as an important part of the tourism industry. Also known as ... More

The Cultural Biography of Opium in China  

Yangwen Zheng

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
Opium is central in the history of nineteenth- to early twentieth-century late imperial and modern China. Opium’s shift from herbal medicine into a larger narco-economy helped shape China’s ... More

CyberterrorismUnderstandings, Debates, and Representations  

Andrew Whiting, Stuart Macdonald, and Lee Jarvis

Print publication date:
Jan 2022
Online publication date:
Aug 2020
This chapter focuses on understandings and debates around cyberterrorism as well as the effect particular representations of this phenomenon have upon assessing its threat. The chapter ... More

Dangerous Drugs From Habit to Addiction  

Timothy A. Hickman

Print publication date:
Apr 2022
Online publication date:
Mar 2022
This chapter, concentrating mainly on Anglophone cultures, examines the emergence and construction of drug use as a social, medical, and legal problem in the late nineteenth century, which ... More

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